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玉林市 · Yilinz Si
Yulin in 2013
Location of Yulin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||12,839 km2 (4,957 sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Geography and climate
Yulin is located in southeastern Guangxi province along the border with Guangdong. It is a hilly basin with a total area of 12,838 km2 (4,957 sq mi).
Yulin's climate is tropical and monsoonal. Average annual temperature is 21 °C. Yearly precipitation is 1,650 mm. Annual sunlight hours are more than 1,795.
Artifacts suggest that the area was settled before the Qin Dynasty but a commandery by the name of Yulin was not established until early Han Dynasty. The urban centre of Yulin became a zhou in 996. Since ancient times, Yulin has been important for trade and communications between central China and the south, especially the coast of the Tonkin Gulf.
- Beiliu (北流市)
- Yulin has a population of approximately 6.7 million. The majority of Yulin's population is Han but there are Zhuang, Miao, and other ethnic minorities totaling more than 100,000 people.
Language and culture
Some Chinese linguists have suggested that the Yue dialect of Yulin is the best surviving example of what ancient spoken Chinese would have sounded like based on rhyme patterns in Tang dynasty poetry. It is also home to the highly criticized Yulin Summer Solstice Dog Meat Festival where in 2013 over 10,000 dogs were consumed.
Yulin is rich in natural resources. Important mineral resources include granite, limestone, iron, and gemstones. It is also Guangxi's biggest source of porcelain clay. Major agricultural products are rice, bananas, tomatoes, mandarin oranges, mangoes, longan, anise, tea, sugarcane, and livestock such as cattle, pigs, geese, and chickens. Industrial goods include machinery, construction materials, processed food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, and ceramics.
Yulin is blessed with beautiful natural scenery and a rich cultural heritage. It is famous for its many mineral hot springs and one of China's oldest and most famous towers, Shiyi Tower (石嶷文塔).
Yulin is home to Yulin Normal University, where there are 13 departments with 38 four-year undergraduate specialties, 14 three-year specialties, more than 17,200 students including 12,000 full-time students and 5,200 higher education students.
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