Zhuzhou

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For other uses, see Zhuzhou County.
Zhuzhou
株洲市
Prefecture-level city
Jianshe South Road (建设南路)
Jianshe South Road (建设南路)
Zhuzhou is located in Hunan
Zhuzhou
Zhuzhou
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°51′N 113°08′E / 27.850°N 113.133°E / 27.850; 113.133
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 11,262 km2 (4,348 sq mi)
 • Urban 535 km2 (207 sq mi)
 • Metro 535 km2 (207 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,855,609
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
 • Urban 806,988
 • Urban density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Metro 806,988
 • Metro density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Zhuzhou (Chinese: 株洲; pinyin: Zhūzhōu), formerly Jianning, is a prefecture-level city of Hunan Province, People's Republic of China, a little to the southeast of Changsha and bordering Jiangxi to the east. It is part of the "ChangZhuTan Golden Triangle" (comprising the cities of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan). The city has jurisdiction over 5 counties (Yanling, Chaling, Youxian, Liling, Zhuzhou) and four districts (Hetang, Lusong, Shifeng and Tianyuan, a high-tech industrial development zone), and covers an area of 11,420 km2 (4,410 sq mi).

It had 3,855,609 inhabitants as of the 2010 census, of whom 806,988 lived in the built-up area (4 urban districts). With areas adjoining Zhuzhou due to be agglomerated in a few years' time, the joint built-up area will be home to 2,586,948 inhabitants. Zhuzhou is located in a subtropical monsoon climate zone and with its abundant mineral and organic resources has one of the highest agricultural yields in Hunan Province.

Transportation[edit]

Rail Station

Zhuzhou is a very important transportation junction in South China. The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway and the Hunan-Guizhou Railway meet here, which makes Zhuzhou Railway Station, conveniently located in downtown Zhuzhou, one of the five special class passenger-and-goods transportation stations in China. On average, a train passes through every three minutes. Zhuzhou North Station is the largest goods transportation marshalling station in South China, with 110 trains and more than 30,000 passengers passing through every day.

The Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway serves the city as well. As almost everywhere along this line, the high-speed railway is routed away from the city core. High-speed trains to Guangzhou, Wuhan, Beijing, Xi'an and points in between stop at Zhuzhou West Railway Station, which is located about 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west of downtown Zhuzhou.

As well through its comprehensive railway system, Zhuzhou is connected to the rest of the country by 106 National Highway, 320 National Highway, 211 Provincial Highway,the Beijing-Zhuhai expressway, the Shanghai-Ruili expressway, and three highways linking south Fujian, south Jiangxi and south Hunan Province.

Zhuzhou is 37 km (23 mi) away from Changsha Huanghua International Airport. It takes about 30 minutes to drive to the airport by the Changsha-Zhuzhou Highway.

The Xiang River (Xiangjiang) flows through Zhuzhou, which makes it one of the eight river ports of Hunan Province.

Industry[edit]

Zhuzhou is the second largest city in Hunan Province, and it's an industrial city with four key industries are metallurgy, machine manufacture, chemicals and building materials.

Zhuzhou became one of the eight key national-wide industrial cities in the 1st Five-Year-Plan. 4 out of 156 key projects were set up in Zhuzhou. Later on, more than 20 important factories were built in Zhuzhou.

Zhuzhou's high-tech industrial development zone was approved by the State Council in December 1992 and was designated in a 35 km2 (14 sq mi) area next to the Xiang River.[1]

The high-tech industrial development zone is located less than 10 km (6.2 mi) from China National Highway 320,[2] and provides incentives to encourage investment in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; construction materials production, food and agricultural processing, heavy industry, and telecommunications equipment production.[2][3] West Area of Zhuzhou

Building and structures[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Zhuzhou is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhuzhou Hi-Tech Development Zone
  2. ^ a b RightSite.asia
  3. ^ Clean Energy Entrepreneurs Face More Obstacles in U.S., New York Times, September 8, 2010
  4. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 

Coordinates: 27°51′N 113°08′E / 27.850°N 113.133°E / 27.850; 113.133