|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||11,262 km2 (4,348 sq mi)|
|• Urban||535 km2 (207 sq mi)|
|• Metro||535 km2 (207 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,855,609|
|• Density||340/km2 (890/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Zhuzhou (Chinese: 株洲; pinyin: Zhūzhōu), formerly Jianning, is a prefecture-level city of Hunan Province, People's Republic of China, a little to the southeast of Changsha and bordering Jiangxi to the east. It is part of the "ChangZhuTan Golden Triangle" (comprising the cities of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan). The city has jurisdiction over 5 counties (Yanling, Chaling, Youxian, Liling, Zhuzhou) and four districts (Hetang, Lusong, Shifeng and Tianyuan, a high-tech industrial development zone), and covers an area of 11,420 km2 (4,410 sq mi).
It had 3,855,609 inhabitants as of the 2010 census, of whom 806,988 lived in the built-up area (4 urban districts). With areas adjoining Zhuzhou due to be agglomerated in a few years' time, the joint built-up area will be home to 2,586,948 inhabitants. Zhuzhou is located in a subtropical monsoon climate zone and with its abundant mineral and organic resources has one of the highest agricultural yields in Hunan Province.
Zhuzhou is a very important transportation junction in South China. The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway and the Hunan-Guizhou Railway meet here, which makes Zhuzhou Railway Station, conveniently located in downtown Zhuzhou, one of the five special class passenger-and-goods transportation stations in China. On average, a train passes through every three minutes. Zhuzhou North Station is the largest goods transportation marshalling station in South China, with 110 trains and more than 30,000 passengers passing through every day.
The Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway serves the city as well. As almost everywhere along this line, the high-speed railway is routed away from the city core. High-speed trains to Guangzhou, Wuhan, Beijing, Xi'an and points in between stop at Zhuzhou West Railway Station, which is located about 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west of downtown Zhuzhou.
As well through its comprehensive railway system, Zhuzhou is connected to the rest of the country by 106 National Highway, 320 National Highway, 211 Provincial Highway,the Beijing-Zhuhai expressway, the Shanghai-Ruili expressway, and three highways linking south Fujian, south Jiangxi and south Hunan Province.
The Xiang River (Xiangjiang) flows through Zhuzhou, which makes it one of the eight river ports of Hunan Province.
Zhuzhou is the second largest city in Hunan Province, and it's an industrial city with four key industries are metallurgy, machine manufacture, chemicals and building materials.
Zhuzhou became one of the eight key national-wide industrial cities in the 1st Five-Year-Plan. 4 out of 156 key projects were set up in Zhuzhou. Later on, more than 20 important factories were built in Zhuzhou.
The high-tech industrial development zone is located less than 10 km (6.2 mi) from China National Highway 320, and provides incentives to encourage investment in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; construction materials production, food and agricultural processing, heavy industry, and telecommunications equipment production.
Building and structures
Twin towns – Sister cities
Zhuzhou is twinned with:
- Sumgait, Azerbaijan
- Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway and Zhuzhou signed a twin town agreement in 1999 after establishing contact in 1995. The two cities also signed agreements on student and competence exchange and culture. Also, two elementary schools - one in Zhuzhou and one in Fredrikstad - signed an agreement on friendship cooperation.
- Durham, North Carolina, United States
- Zhuzhou Hi-Tech Development Zone
- Clean Energy Entrepreneurs Face More Obstacles in U.S., New York Times, September 8, 2010
- "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.