Dongfang, Hainan

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Dongfang
东方市
County-level city
Location of Dongfang City (red) in Hainan
Location of Dongfang City (red) in Hainan
Dongfang is located in Hainan
Dongfang
Dongfang
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates: 19°06′N 108°39′E / 19.100°N 108.650°E / 19.100; 108.650Coordinates: 19°06′N 108°39′E / 19.100°N 108.650°E / 19.100; 108.650
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hainan
Township-level divisions 8 towns
2 townships
Municipal seat Basuo
Area
 • Total 2,256 km2 (871 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (35 ft)
Population
 • Total 435,000
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 572600
Area code(s) 0898
Licence plates D
Website dongfang.hainan.gov.cn

Dōngfāng (simplified Chinese: 东方; traditional Chinese: 東方; literally: "the East") is one of the 7 county-level cities of Hainan province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the western coast of Hainan Island facing Vietnam across the Gulf of Tonkin, and in 2004 had a population of 435,000.

As all county-level units, Dongfang is administratively divided into township-level units (see the list). The main urban area of Dongfang (i.e., what used to be called "the county seat", when Dongfang was a county) is the town of Basuo.

The former county of Ganen (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Kumyan, Kanem or Kamyan) is now part of the city.

Geography and climate[edit]

Dongfang has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw).[1] Monsoonal influences are strong, and the two seasons are the wet season and the dry season (November to April), when very little rainfall occurs. Rainfall is heaviest and most frequent from August to October, when typhoons may strike, and averages an annual total of 961 mm (37.8 in), far lower than much of the island. January thru March features the highest relative humidity levels of the year, while May thru August is very sunny, consistently averaging above 60% of possible sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in February to 67% in May, the city receives 2,558 hours of sunshine annually, a level not seen in the southern half of China outside of Tibet. The average low temperature remains above 26.0 °C (78.8 °F) from June to August.

Climate data for Dongfang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23.7
(74.7)
26.3
(79.3)
29.9
(85.8)
31.9
(89.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
29.5
(85.1)
27.1
(80.8)
24.3
(75.7)
28.6
(83.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
19.8
(67.6)
22.4
(72.3)
26.2
(79.2)
28.7
(83.7)
29.4
(84.9)
29.3
(84.7)
28.8
(83.8)
27.6
(81.7)
25.8
(78.4)
23.0
(73.4)
20.0
(68)
25.00
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
17.1
(62.8)
19.6
(67.3)
23.2
(73.8)
25.7
(78.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
24.7
(76.5)
23.0
(73.4)
19.9
(67.8)
16.9
(62.4)
22.1
(71.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 7.6
(0.299)
14.2
(0.559)
17.4
(0.685)
30.0
(1.181)
88.3
(3.476)
146.8
(5.78)
140.2
(5.52)
176.2
(6.937)
170.9
(6.728)
129.3
(5.091)
26.5
(1.043)
13.9
(0.547)
961.3
(37.846)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.6 4.9 5.0 5.5 7.2 7.5 7.8 11.5 13.3 11.5 4.6 3.3 85.7
 % humidity 81 83 82 79 77 77 77 80 82 81 77 77 79.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.2 147.6 185.3 213.9 270.6 244.2 263.5 236.1 217.2 211.2 202.2 187.0 2,558
Percent possible sunshine 52 46 50 57 67 62 65 60 59 58 60 55 57.6
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Dongfang administers eight towns and two townships:[2]

Towns:

Townships:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:东方市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 

External links[edit]