Xuchang

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Xuchang
许昌市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Xuchang City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Xuchang City jurisdiction in Henan
Coordinates: 34°02′N 113°51′E / 34.033°N 113.850°E / 34.033; 113.850Coordinates: 34°02′N 113°51′E / 34.033°N 113.850°E / 34.033; 113.850
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
Area[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 4,997 km2 (1,929 sq mi)
 • Urban 67 km2 (26 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,069 km2 (413 sq mi)
Elevation 71 m (234 ft)
Highest elevation 1,150.6 m (3,774.9 ft)
Lowest elevation 50.4 m (165.4 ft)
Population [1]
 • Prefecture-level city 4,307,199
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Urban 367,004
 • Urban density 5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,139,644
 • Metro density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code Unknown
Area code(s) 374
GDP ¥8,153 per capita (2002)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 6
Township-level divisions unknown
License plate prefixes K
Website http://www.xuchang.gov.cn/

Xuchang (simplified Chinese: 许昌; traditional Chinese: 許昌; pinyin: Xǔchāng; Postal map spelling: Hsuchang) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province in Central China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the northwest, Kaifeng to the northeast, Zhoukou to the east, Luohe to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest.

Its population is 4,307,199 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,139,644 live in the built up area (Weidu district and Xuchang county)

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Xuchang administers 1 district, 2 county-level cities and 3 counties.

Administration map

History[edit]

According to tradition, the city was named after Xu, an ancient state led by tribal leader Xuyou during the Spring and Autumn Period of the Zhou Dynasty. In ancient times, the city occupied a strategic location in central China.

Xuchang served as the warlord Cao Cao's de facto capital during the late Eastern Han Dynasty. After finding the old capital Luoyang ravaged by war, Cao moved the imperial court and Emperor Xian to what is now Xuchang in 196.

In 220, Cao Cao's son and successor Cao Pi officially declared the city as the capital of the newly established state of Cao Wei. The city was renamed "Xuchang", meaning "Xu Rising". The Wei emperors held court at Xuchang until the capital was moved to Luoyang in the 220s.

Geography and climate[edit]

Xuchang ranges in latitude from 33° 16' to 34° 24' N and in longitude from 113° 03' to 114° 190' E.

Xuchang has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cool and dry, summers hot and humid, spring begins early and is warm, and autumn is mild and provides a reasonable transition. Rain mainly falls from May to September, as more than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs then. The city has an annual mean temperature of at 14.5 °C (58.1 °F), and its highest average monthly temperature is 27.1 °C (80.8 °F) in July and the lowest is 0.7 °C (33.3 °F) in January. Just over 700 millimetres (28 in) of precipitation falls each year, and there is on average 217 frost-free days and 2280 hours of sunshine per year.

Climate data for Xuchang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
8.9
(48)
13.9
(57)
21.3
(70.3)
26.8
(80.2)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.3)
27.0
(80.6)
21.7
(71.1)
14.4
(57.9)
8.2
(46.8)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.0
(37.4)
9.4
(48.9)
14.8
(58.6)
20.0
(68)
23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
10.5
(50.9)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
9.7
(49.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.0
(0.472)
14.9
(0.587)
33.7
(1.327)
43.5
(1.713)
72.8
(2.866)
83.5
(3.287)
163.3
(6.429)
121.7
(4.791)
71.4
(2.811)
50.7
(1.996)
26.0
(1.024)
12.1
(0.476)
705.6
(27.779)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.5 5.0 7.0 6.9 7.9 8.4 11.7 10.6 8.3 7.7 5.4 3.8 86.2
Source: Weather China[1]

Agriculture and industry[edit]

Xuchang is an important center of the Chinese tobacco industry. However, due to economic reasons many farmers have chosen not to plant tobacco anymore.

The city is also famous for its man-made human hair exports.

Tourism[edit]

Famous tourist attractions include Baling Bridge and Chunqiu Tower.

Sister city[edit]

On 18 December 2006, the Oromia Region government in Ethiopia signed an agreement with Henan Province to establish a sister city program with Ambo.[2]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]