Changzhi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Changzhi (disambiguation).
Changzhi
长治市
Prefecture-level city
Changzhi (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Changzhi (red) in Shanxi (orange)
Changzhi is located in Shanxi
Changzhi
Changzhi
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 36°11′N 113°06′E / 36.183°N 113.100°E / 36.183; 113.100Coordinates: 36°11′N 113°06′E / 36.183°N 113.100°E / 36.183; 113.100
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shanxi
County-level divisions 13
Incorporated (city) 1945.10
Municipal seat Chengqu (Urban District)
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • Communist Party Committee Secretary of Changzhi City Ma, Tianrong (马天荣)
 • Mayor Xi, Xiaojun (席小军)
Area
 • Total 13,864 km2 (5,353 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 3,234,100
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 046000
Area code(s) +86 (0)0355
Licence Plate Prefix D
Administrative division code 140400
ISO 3166-2 CN-14-04
Website http://www.changzhi.gov.cn/

Changzhi (simplified Chinese: 长治; traditional Chinese: 長治; Pinyin: Chángzhì) is a prefecture-level city in Shanxi Province, People's Republic of China. This historical city was one of the 36 administrative areas (see Administrative Divisions of Qin Dynasty) under rein of the first emperor of a unified China (see Qin Shi Huang). Literally speaking, Changzhi means 'eternal peace' in Chinese.

Nowadays, Changzhi is a transportation centre in Shanxi. Convenient transportations are facilitated by 4 controlled-access highways (Taiyuan-Changzhi, Changzhi-Jincheng, Changzhi-Linfen, Changzhi-Handan), 2 railways (Taiyuan–Jiaozuo Railway and Handan–Changzhi Railway ), 3 national highways (China National Highway 207, 208 and 309) and 1 airport(Changzhi Wangcun Airport, ITAT Code: CIH, ICAO Code: ZBCZ). Internal transportation is also built with bus and taxi network.

Besides, the city is a rising commercial and industrial centre in south-eastern area of Shanxi. In 2011, its GDP increasing rate ranked the 1st out of 11 prefecture-level cities in the province.[1]

Local environment, especially Air Quality Index, is monitored by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP)[2] and city government. A record of daily air quality has been kept and published by local government. To read the data, just visit http://www.czshb.gov.cn or directly type http://202.97.152.195:85/cz/ribao/index.asp for details of daily or real-time air quality. Changzhi is still on her way to a beautiful modern city with satisfied air quality and lots of efforts should be made in the future.

Data from the 6th National Population Census in 2010[3] reported the city was home for 3,334,564 residents.

History[edit]

In ancient times the area around Changzhi was known as Shangdang.[4]

Changzhi was the site of the Shangdang Campaign, the first battle between the Kuomintang and the People's Liberation Army after the end of World War II. The campaign began in August 1945 and lasted until October. It began when the local Shanxi warlord, Yan Xishan, attempted to retake the region from Communist forces. Yan's forces were eventually defeated by an army led by Liu Bocheng, who was later named one of China's "Ten Great Marshals. Liu's political commissar was Deng Xiaoping, who later became China's "paramount leader". The campaign ended with the complete destruction of Yan's army, most of which joined the Communists after surrendering. Following the Shangdang Campaign, the Communists remained in control of the region until they won the civil war in 1949.[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The area under the control of People's Government of Changzhi City is divided into 13 local government districts. They are Urban District (or Chengqu), Suburban District, Lucheng City (a county-level city), Changzhi County, Xiangyuan County, Tunliu County, Pingshun County, Licheng County, Huguan County, Zhangzi County, Wuxiang County, Qin County, and Qinyuan County.

Map
Changzhi mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²) Official Website
1 Urban District 城区 Chéng Qū 416,000 55.6 7,482 http://www.chinaczcq.gov.cn/
2 Suburban District 郊区 Jiāo Qū 290,000 285 1,017.5 http://www.jqzf.changzhi.gov.cn/
3 Lucheng City 潞城市 Lùchéng Shì 210,000 615 341 http://www.lc.gov.cn
4 Changzhi County 长治县 Chángzhì Xiàn 320,000 483 663 http://www.sxczx.gov.cn/
5 Xiangyuan County 襄垣县 Xiāngyuán Xiàn 250,000 1,158 216 http://www.xiangyuan.gov.cn/
6 Tunliu County 屯留县 Túnliú Xiàn 240,000 1,042 230 http://www.tunliu.gov.cn/
7 Pingshun County 平顺县 Píngshùn Xiàn 160,000 1,550 103 http://www.zgps.gov.cn/
8 Licheng County 黎城县 Líchéng Xiàn 160,000 1,166 137 http://www.sxlc.gov.cn/
9 Huguan County 壶关县 Húguān Xiàn 280,000 1,013 276 http://www.huguan.gov.cn/
10 Zhangzi County 长子县 Zhǎngzǐ Xiàn 340,000 1,029 330 http://www.zz.changzhi.gov.cn/
11 Wuxiang County 武乡县 Wǔxiāng Xiàn 210,000 1,610 130 http://www.zgwx.gov.cn/
12 Qin County 沁县 Qìn Xiàn 170,000 1,297 131 http://www.chinaqx.gov.cn/
13 Qinyuan County 沁源县 Qìnyuán Xiàn 150,000 2,556 59 http://www.qygov.gov.cn/

Education[edit]

Higher Education[edit]

Changzhi Medical College
Changzhi College

High Schools[edit]

Changzhi No.1 Middle School
Changzhi No.2 Middle School
Changzhi No.3 Middle School
Changzhi No.4 Middle School
Changzhi No.5 Middle School
Changzhi No.6 Middle School
Changzhi No.7 Middle School
Changzhi No.8 Middle School
Changzhi No.9 Middle School
Changzhi No.10 Middle School
Changzhi Experimental Middle School
Changzhi No.12 Middle School
Changzhi No.13 Middle School
Changzhi No.14 Middle School
Changzhi No.15 Middle School
Changzhi No.16 Middle School
Changzhi No.17 Middle School
Changzhi No.18 Middle School
Changzhi No.19 Middle School
Tai-Hang Middle School (Subsidiary Middle School of Changzhi College)

Transportation[edit]

National Highway[edit]

Railway[edit]

Controlled-access Highway[edit]

  • Controlled-access Highway Taiyuan-Changzhi
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Jincheng
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Linfen
  • Controlled-access Highway Changzhi-Handan

Airport[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Report of Changzhi Economy in 2011 (In Chinese)
  2. ^ Air Quality Database of Key Cities in China, in Chinese
  3. ^ Population Data of Changzhi in Shanxi Province (the 6th National Population Census) in Chinese
  4. ^ Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009. ISBN 0-415-77730-5. p.22
  5. ^ Lew, Christopher R. The Third Chinese Revolutionary War, 1945-1949: An Analysis of Communist Strategy and Leadership. The USA and Canada: Routelage. 2009. ISBN 0-415-77730-5. pp.22-23.