Qionghai

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Qionghai
琼海市
County-level city
Downtown Qionghai
Downtown Qionghai
Location of Qionghai City (red) in Hainan
Location of Qionghai City (red) in Hainan
Qionghai is located in Hainan
Qionghai
Qionghai
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates: 19°14′35″N 110°27′51″E / 19.24306°N 110.46417°E / 19.24306; 110.46417
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hainan
Township-level divisions 12 towns
Municipal seat Jiaji (嘉积镇)
Area
 • Total 1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)
Elevation 22 m (73 ft)
Population (2010) 483,217
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 571400
Area code(s) 0898
Licence plates 琼C
Website http://www.qionghai.gov.cn/

Qionghai (simplified Chinese: 琼海; traditional Chinese: 瓊海; pinyin: Qiónghǎi) is one of the 7 county-level cities of Hainan province, People's Republic of China. It is located in the east of the island at the mouth of the Wanquan River, 86 kilometres (53 mi) from the provincial capital of Haikou. It has an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and in 2010, it had a population of 483,217.

The seat of government is at Jiaji (simplified Chinese: 嘉积镇; traditional Chinese: 嘉積鎮; pinyin: Jiājī Zhèn), often now referred to simply as Qionghai. Bo'ao, seat of the Boao Forum for Asia, belongs to Qionghai City.

The former counties of Qiongdong (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Kiungtung) and Lehui (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Lokwei) are now part of Qiongdong City.

Climate[edit]

Qionghai has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am).[1] Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season (January to March). Rainfall is heaviest and most frequent from August to October, when typhoons may strike, and is otherwise still common throughout the year, averaging an annual total of 2,060 mm (81 in); there are 9.3 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more of rain. Humidity is consistently very high, with an average relative humidity of 85.8%. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 31% in February to 62% in July, the city receives 2,037 hours of bright sunshine annually; the city receives about only a third of possible sunshine from December thru February, while May thru July is the sunniest time of year.

Climate data for Qionghai (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.8)
26.8
(80.2)
29.8
(85.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
31.1
(88)
28.8
(83.8)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
28.5
(83.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
19.7
(67.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
27.8
(82)
26.8
(80.2)
25.0
(77)
22.1
(71.8)
19.2
(66.6)
24.28
(75.69)
Average low °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
24.3
(75.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
24.0
(75.2)
22.4
(72.3)
19.4
(66.9)
16.5
(61.7)
21.4
(70.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 31.4
(1.236)
43.5
(1.713)
47.5
(1.87)
125.4
(4.937)
215.4
(8.48)
196.5
(7.736)
178.8
(7.039)
280.4
(11.039)
367.6
(14.472)
345.7
(13.61)
159.6
(6.283)
68.2
(2.685)
2,060
(81.102)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.6 11.1 10.1 12.1 15.0 14.6 12.9 17.9 17.5 16.5 13.4 10.8 162.5
 % humidity 87 88 87 86 85 84 84 86 87 86 85 84 85.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 116.3 101.6 150.3 181.4 219.3 225.3 251.4 215.4 179.8 162.5 121.1 112.2 2,036.6
Percent possible sunshine 34 31 41 48 55 57 62 54 49 45 36 33 46
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Qionghai is divided into 12 towns:[2]

Other[edit]

Qionghai is historically associated with the Red Detachment of Women, an all-female company of the Chinese Red Army who survived Nationalist persecution. A novel based on their story has been made into a ballet (The Red Detachment of Women) and two films.

The most famous dish of Qionghai is Jiaji Duck, originally introduced to Qionghai by locals who returned from living in Southeast Asia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:琼海市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 

External links[edit]