Memari I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Memari I
মেমারী I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Memari I is located in West Bengal
Memari I
Memari I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°10′34″N 88°06′25″E / 23.17611°N 88.10694°E / 23.17611; 88.10694
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Memari
Area
 • Total 72.17 sq mi (186.91 km2)
Elevation 72 ft (22 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 218,425
 • Density 3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713146 (Memari)
713201 (Durgapur)
713154 (Amadpur)
Telephone/STD code 03213
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 74.10 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Memari I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Memari is located at 23°10′34″N 88°06′25″E / 23.176°N 88.107°E / 23.176; 88.107.

Memari I CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[1]

Memari I CD Block is bounded by Memari II CD Block on the north, Kalna II CD Block and Pandua CD Block, in Hooghly district, on the east, Jamalpur CD Block on the south and Burdwan II CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 34 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Memari I CD Block has an area of 186.91 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 171 gram sansads (village councils), 113 mouzas and 111 inhabited villages. Memari police station serves this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Memari.[5]

Gram panchayats of Memari I block/panchayat samiti are: Amadpur, Bagila, Daluibazar I, Daluibazar II, Debipur, Durgapur, Gope-Gantar I, Gope-Gantar II, Nimo I and Nimo II.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Memari I CD Block had a total population of 218,425, of which 214,005 were rural and 4,420 were urban. There were 110,712 (51%) males and 107,713 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,294. Scheduled Castes numbered 79,976 (36.61%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 34,467 (15.78%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Memari I block had a total population of 198,152, out of which 100,715 were males and 97,437 were females. Memari I block registered a population growth of 1.31 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 76,357 formed more than one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 28,467.[10]

Census Town in Memari I CD Block is (2011 census figure in brackets): Alipur (4,420).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Memari I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Palla (6,675), Chanchal (11,476), Amadpur (5,507), Sanui (4,141), Rasulpur (5,091), Kenna (4,116), Nimo (4,710), Chotkhanda (4,365) and Mabarakpur (4,465).[7]

Other villages in Memari I CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Durgapur (2,056), Debipur (3,175), Gantar (2,637), Bagila (3,459) and Dalui Bazar (3,714).([7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Memari I CD Block was 145,341 (74.10% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 80,404 (80.88% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 64,937 (67.14% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.74%.[7]

As per 2001 census, Memari I block had a total literacy of 66.43 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 75.58 per cent female literacy was 56.97 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Memari I CD Block
Hindu
  
79.03%
Muslim
  
18.26%
Christian
  
0.16%
Others
  
2.55%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 172,616 and formed 79.03% of the population in Memari I CD Block. Muslims numbered 39,882 and formed 18.26% of the population. Christians numbered 360 and formed 0.16% of the population. Others numbered 5,567 and formed 2.55% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Memari I CD Block was 28.05%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Memari I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 11.24%, agricultural labourers 52.16%, household industry workers 5.69% and other workers 30.90%.[16]

Memari I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 113 or 100% of mouzas in Memari I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 113 mouzas in Memari I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 124 fertiliser depots, 38 seed stores and 59 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Memari I CD Block

  Bargadars (5.79%)
  Patta holders (10.00%)
  Small farmers (3.48%)
  Marginal farmers (24.43%)
  Agricultural labourers (56.31%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Memari I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 5.79%, patta (document) holders 10.00%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.48%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24.43% and agricultural labourers 56.31%.[16]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Memari I CD Block was 14,068 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 15,590 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Memari I CD Block produced 3,342 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,263 hectares, 6,682 tones of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 2,534 hectares, 13,255 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 3,576 hectares, 1,063 tonnes of wheat from 397 hectares, 358,206 tonnes of potatoes from 10,836 hectares and 1,192 tonnes of sugarcane from 19 hectares It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% repectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[20]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Memari I CD Block was 16,402.60 hectares, out of which 15,946.65 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 129.15 hectares by river lift irrigation and 326.60 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Memari I CD Block had offices of 12 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]


Howrah–Bardhaman Chord
km
Up arrowto Bardhaman-Asansol section
95 Bardhaman
88 Gangpur
83 Saktigarh
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
78 Palla Road
75 Chanchai
Left arrowto Bankura-Masagram line
72 Masagram
WB SH15-IND.png SH 15 Memari-Tarakeswar Road
69 Nabagram
65 Jaugram
62 Jhapandanga
58 Gurap
56 Hajigarh
52 Shibai Chandi
49 Dhaniakhali
47 Belmuri
45 Porabazar
41 Chandanpur
36 Madhusudanpur
WB SH2-IND.png State Highway 2
33 Kamarkundu
Left arrowSheoraphuli-Bishnupur line Right arrow
32 Balarambati
30 Mirzapur-Bankipur
27 Baruipara
23 Begampur
21 Janai Road
16 Gobra
15 Dankuni
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
NH16-IN.svg National Highway 16
12 Belanagar
7 Bally
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
Left arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
Rajbaridanga
Right arrowto Sealdah-Ranaghat line
Belur Math
5 Liluah
UpperLeft arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
0 Howrah

Memari I CD Block has 26 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

The Howrah-Bardhaman main line passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Rasulpur, Nimo, Memari, Bagila and Debipur.[21]

Howrah-Bardhaman chord passes through the CD Block and there is a station at Palla Road.[22]

Kolkata-Delhi NH 19 (old numbering NH 2) passes through this CD Block.[23]

SH 13 running from Mollarpui Maghipara (in Birbhum district) to Dankuni (in Hooghly district), incorporating old Grand Trunk Road in this CD Block, crosses SH 15 running from Dainhat (in Bardhaman district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district).[24]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Memari I CD Block had 111 primary schools with 9,503 students, 8 middle schools with 660 students, 15 high schools with 8,891 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 7,916 students. Memari I CD Block had 3 technical/ professional institution with 417 students and 392 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,895 students[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Memari I CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 86 beds and 10 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 31 family welfare subcentres. 10,027 patients were treated indoor and 389,660 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Memari I CD Block has a rural hospital and a block primary health centre at Memari and a primary health centre at Palla Road.[25][26]

Memari I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[27]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Memari I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "63501/ Mowrah-Barddhaman Fast Memu Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "36811/ Howrah Barddhaman Jn Chord Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Memari I Block Map on page 785. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  27. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.