^Kim Jong-il, as Chairman of the National Defense Commission is considered North Korea's "highest administrative authority". However, Kim Yong-nam, as President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly does many of the duties of a Head of State. Deceased former North Korean ruler Kim Il-sung is listed as the Eternal President of the Republic.
^Taylor, Stephen (2002). "Robert Walpole". In Eccleshall, Robert; Walker, Graham. Biographical Dictionary of British Prime Ministers. Routledge. p. 10.