Klepon

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Klepon (Indonesia, Java) / Onde-Onde (Malaysia, Sumatera, Kalimantan)
Onde-onde.jpg
Klepon wrapped in banana leaf container
Alternative namesOnde-onde, kelepon
TypeSnack
Place of originIndonesia[1][2]
Region or stateSoutheast Asia
Associated national cuisineIndonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore
Main ingredientsRice cake, palm sugar (gula jawa/merah/melaka), grated coconut

Klepon (pronounced Klē-pon), or kelepon, is a snack of sweet rice cake balls filled with molten palm sugar and coated in grated coconut. Of Javanese origin,[3] the green-coloured glutinous rice balls are one of the popular traditional kue in Indonesian cuisine.[1][3] It is also commonly found in neighbouring countries such as Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore as onde-onde.

Ingredients and cooking method[edit]

Klepon is a boiled rice cake stuffed with liquid palm sugar (gula jawa/merah/melaka) and coated in flaked coconut. The dough is made from glutinous rice flour, sometimes mixed with tapioca, and a paste made from the leaves of the pandan or dracaena plants (daun suji) — whose leaves are used widely in Southeast Asian cooking – giving the dough its green colour.[2]

The small pieces of palm sugar are initially solid when inserted into the glutinous rice dough and rolled into balls. The balls are subsequently boiled, which melts the palm sugar and creates a sweet liquid inside the balls' cores. Skill is involved in ensuring that the liquid does not leak out of the final product. The balls are finally rolled in shredded coconut, adhering to the sticky surface of the glutinous rice dough.[4]

Klepon are ideally left to cool for some time before consumption to prevent burning from the hot liquid palm sugar. They are traditionally served in banana leaves, usually in sets of four or ten balls; plastic packaging is also used in recent times.

Names[edit]

Klepon sold as one of kue jajan pasar ("market munchies") in Semarang

Klepon is the Javanese name for this sweet glutinous rice balls, which literally means "animal's ovary".[3] In other parts of Indonesia, such as in Sulawesi, Sumatra and in neighbouring Malaysia, it is mainly known as onde-onde since many non-Javanese often confuse it with another kind of jajan, "onde-onde" (Chinese jian dui).

In some regions, 'buah melaka' (Malaccan fruit).[5] In Java however, onde-onde refers to the Chinese jian dui, a rice cake ball coated with sesame seeds and filled with sweet green bean paste. Although popular in Indonesia and neighboring areas, klepon is originated in Java.[1][2] This can be proven by its etymology, history, and how this food is spread outside the region.

The dish is also called as klepon in the Netherlands, due to its colonial ties with Java. In the 1950s, klepon was introduced by Indo immigrants to the Netherlands and is readily available in toko shops, Dutch or Chinese Indonesian restaurants and supermarkets throughout the country.[6]

In Java, klepon, along with getuk and cenil, are often eaten as morning or afternoon snacks. They are categorised as jajan pasar (market snack) in traditional markets and villages and kue basah (moist kue) in urban areas due to Chinese influence in the naming.[7]

Variants and similar dish[edit]

Klepon (round) sold together with kue putu (tubular)

Traditional klepon or onde onde is quite homogenous in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. Nevertheless, new recipes has been developed: some modern variants replacing the rice flour with yam or sweet potato (Indonesian: ubi) dough,[8] or replacing the liquid palm sugar filling with chocolate,[9] or replacing the grated coconut with grated cheddar cheese.[10] Colourful klepon also has been created using potato-based dough and food colouring to make them more appealing for children.[11]

Klepon is quite similar to Kue putu, with the difference in its shape, texture and the flour being used — klepon uses glutinous rice flour, while kue putu uses common rice flour, klepon has somewhat a chewy sticky texture similar to mochi, while kue putu has soft yet crumbly texture akin to common cake. Klepon shape is balls, while kue putu is tubular using hollow bamboo tube as mould.

Recently there is a modern fusion that combine the baking technique of cupcake with onde-onde ingredients.[12]

In India, these snacks resembles a klepon, known as paan ladoo, but with different ingredients.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 101 Kue Nusantara. Dapur Lestari (in Indonesian). Puspa Swara. 2013. p. 57. ISBN 9786028453684.
  2. ^ a b c Geneeskundig tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indië, Volume 75 (in Dutch). G. Kolff & Company. 1935.
  3. ^ a b c Sri Owen (2014). Sri Owen's Indonesian Food. Pavilion Books. ISBN 9781909815476.
  4. ^ Heinz Von Holzen (2014). A New Approach to Indonesian Cooking. Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 191. ISBN 9789814634953.
  5. ^ Tan Bee Hong (22 June 2016). "Break fast with scenic view". New Straits Times. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  6. ^ Annemarie Cottaar, ed. (2006). Indisch leven in Nederland Volume 2170 from Meulenhoff editie (in Dutch). J.M. Meulenhoff. ISBN 9789029075503.
  7. ^ "Cara Membuat Kue Klepon Pandan Isi Gula Merah". Resep Nasional (in Indonesian).
  8. ^ "Klepon Ubi Jalar". Cookpad (in Indonesian).
  9. ^ "Klepon isi Coklat". Cookpad (in Indonesian).
  10. ^ "Klepon Keju". Cookpad (in Indonesian).
  11. ^ "Klepon Kentang Warna-warni" (in Indonesian). 24 February 2009.
  12. ^ Iffah Nadhirah Osman (24 September 2016). "Cupcakes with a local twist". The Urban Wire. Retrieved 3 October 2016.