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Piribedil ball-and-stick model.png
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
Routes of
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability10% (peak at 1 hour)
Protein binding70–80%
Metabolismextensive hepatic
Elimination half-life1.7–6.9 hours
ExcretionRenal (68%) and biliary (25%)
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.020.695 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass298.346 g·mol−1
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Piribedil (trade names Pronoran, Trivastal Retard, Trastal, Trivastan, Clarium and others) is an antiparkinsonian agent and piperazine derivative which acts as a D2 and D3 receptor agonist. It also has α2-adrenergic antagonist properties.[1][2]


Other uses[edit]

The drug has been shown to enhance working memory capacities in normal aging adults.[3]

In age-related memory impairment, it has a positive effect on psychophysiological state of elderly people, improving memory and attention and increasing the velocity of psychomotor reactions and lability of nervous processes.[4]

It enhances cognitive skill learning in healthy older adults.[5]

It showed a positive effect in restless legs syndrome.[6]


Parkinson's disease[edit]

Administration of piribedil should be initiated with one sustained-release tablet (50 mg) daily during the first week. Dosage should then be gradually increased every week until achieving the optimal therapeutic dose:

  • as monotherapy: three to five tablets in three to five doses daily.
  • in combination with L-DOPA therapy: one to three tablets daily.

Other indications[edit]

One tablet daily at the end of the main meal. In severe cases: two tablets daily in two doses.

Adverse effects[edit]

As with other dopamine agonists (like pramipexole and ropinirole), compulsive behavior like pathological gambling, overeating, excessive shopping, increased libido, sexual and/or other intense urges, may develop.[7][8]

Another rare side effect of piribedil is excessive daytime sleepiness and unintended sleep episodes.[8][9]


Dopamine antagonists reduce the effect of piribedil.


At very high doses, piribedil has an emetic action on the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ). Tablets will thus be rapidly rejected, which explains why no data are currently available concerning the risk of overdosage.

Receptor affinities[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Piribedil structure components:


  1. ^ Millan MJ, Cussac D, Milligan G, et al. (June 2001). "Antiparkinsonian agent piribedil displays antagonist properties at native, rat, and cloned, human alpha(2)-adrenoceptors: cellular and functional characterization". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 297 (3): 876–87. PMID 11356907.
  2. ^ Gobert A, Di Cara B, Cistarelli L, Millan MJ (April 2003). "Piribedil enhances frontocortical and hippocampal release of epinephrine in freely moving rats by blockade of alpha 2A-adrenoceptors: a dialysis comparison to talipexole and quinelorane in the absence of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 305 (1): 338–46. doi:10.1124/jpet.102.046383. PMID 12649387.
  3. ^ Gierski, F.; Peretti, C.; Ergis, A. (30 January 2007). "Effects of the dopamine agonist piribedil on prefrontal temporal cortical network function in normal aging as assessed by verbal fluency". Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 31 (1): 262–268. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2006.06.017. PMID 16876301.
  4. ^ Bochkarev, V. K.; Faĭzulloev, A. Z.; Avedisova, A. S. (2005). "Efficacy of pronoran in age-related memory impairment". Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova. 105 (2): 46–50. PMID 15792142.
  5. ^ Peretti, C. S.; Gierski, F.; Harrois, S. (November 2004). "Cognitive skill learning in healthy older adults after 2 months of double-blind treatment with piribedil". Psychopharmacology. 176 (2): 176–182. doi:10.1007/s00213-004-1869-8. PMID 15138753.
  6. ^ Evidente, V. G. (May 2001). "Piribedil for restless legs syndrome: a pilot study". Movement Disorders. 16 (3): 579–581. doi:10.1002/mds.1104. PMID 11391766.
  7. ^ Tschopp L.; Salazar Z.; et al. (2010). "Impulse control disorder and piribedil: report of 5 cases". Clin. Neuropharmacology. 33 (1): 11–13. doi:10.1097/WNF.0b013e3181c4ae2e. PMID 19959959.
  8. ^ a b TRIVASTAL Retard 50 (piribedil) Prescribing Information, Servier Laboratories, April 2008. [1]
  9. ^ Gouraud A.; Millaret A.; et al. (2011). "Piribedil-induced sleep attacks in patients without Parkinson disease: a case series". Clin. Neuropharmacology. 34 (3): 104–107. doi:10.1097/WNF.0b013e31821f0d8b. PMID 21586915.
  10. ^ Arnsten et al., 2000; Nagaraja and Jayashree, 2001. "Piribedil".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ ADRIAN NEWMAN-TANCREDI, DIDIER CUSSAC, VALE´ RIE AUDINOT, JEAN-PAUL NICOLAS, FRE´ DE´ RIC DE CEUNINCK, JEAN-A. BOUTIN, and MARK J. MILLAN (June 2002). "Differential Actions of Antiparkinson Agents at Multiple Classes of Monoaminergic Receptor. II. Agonist and Antagonist Properties at Subtypes of Dopamine D2-Like Receptor and α1/α2-Adrenoceptor" (PDF). J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 303 (2): 805–14. doi:10.1124/jpet.102.039875. PMID 12388667.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ a b Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. "Piribedil". Neue Arzneimittel 2008 (in German).