Chlorcyclizine

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Chlorcyclizine
Chlorcyclizine.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
1-[(4-Chlorophenyl)(phenyl)methyl]-4-methylpiperazine
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
MedlinePlus a682619
Legal status
  • (Prescription only)
Routes of
administration
Oral
Identifiers
CAS Number 82-93-9 YesY
ATC code R06AE04
PubChem CID 2710
ChemSpider 2609 YesY
UNII M26C4IP44P YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL22150 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C18H21ClN2
Molar mass 300.826 g/mol
  (verify)

Chlorcyclizine (Di-Paralene, Mantadil, Pruresidine, Trihistan) is a first-generation antihistamine of the phenylpiperazine class marketed in the United States and certain other countries.[1][2][3] It is used primarily to treat allergy symptoms such as rhinitis, urticaria, and pruritus, and may also be used as an antiemetic.[1][2][3] In addition to its antihistamine effects, chlorcyclizine also has some anticholinergic, antiserotonergic, and local anesthetic properties.[4][5] It also has been studied as a potential treatment for hepatitis C.[6][7]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Pharmaceutical Society (2000). Index Nominum 2000: International Drug Directory (Book with CD-ROM). Boca Raton: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. ISBN 3-88763-075-0. 
  2. ^ a b David J. Triggle (1996). Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC. ISBN 0-412-46630-9. 
  3. ^ a b Hall, Judith A.; Morton, Ian (1999). Concise dictionary of pharmacological agents: properties and synonyms. Kluwer Academic. ISBN 0-7514-0499-3. 
  4. ^ Dorland Staff (2008). Dorland Dictionnaire Medical Bilingue Francais-anglais / Anglais-francais: + E-book a Telecharger (French Edition). Elsevier (Educa Books). ISBN 2-84299-899-5. 
  5. ^ Rogóz Z, Skuza G, Sowińska H; Skuza; Sowińska (November 1981). "The effect of the antihistaminic drugs on the central action of 5-hydroxytryptophan in mice". Polish Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy 33 (4): 459–65. PMID 6120505. 
  6. ^ He, S.; Lin, B.; Chu, V.; Hu, Z.; Hu, X.; Xiao, J.; Wang, A. Q.; Schweitzer, C. J.; Li, Q.; Imamura, M.; Hiraga, N.; Southall, N.; Ferrer, M.; Zheng, W.; Chayama, K.; Marugan, J. J.; Liang, T. J. (2015). "Repurposing of the antihistamine chlorcyclizine and related compounds for treatment of hepatitis C virus infection". Science Translational Medicine 7 (282): 282ra49. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.3010286. 
  7. ^ Chamoun-Emanuelli, Ana Maria; Pecheur, Eve-Isabelle; Chen, Zhilei (July 2014). "Benzhydrylpiperazine compounds inhibit cholesterol-dependent cellular entry of hepatitis C virus". Antiviral Research 109: 141-148. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2014.06.014.