Basirhat I

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Basirhat I
বসিরহাট I সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Basirhat I is located in West Bengal
Basirhat I
Basirhat I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 112.10 km2 (43.28 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 171,613
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 108,530 (72.10%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743292 (Itinda)
743744 (Pifa)
Telephone/STD code 03217
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Basirhat Dakshin
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Basirhat I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Basirhat subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Basirhat police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Basirhat. It is located 48 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Basirhat is located at 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89.

Basirhat I CD Block is bounded by Baduria CD Block in the north, Satkhira Sadar Upazila and Debhata Upazila in Satkhira District of Bangladesh in the east, Hasnabad, Minakhan and Haroa CD Blocks in the south and Basirhat II CD Block in the west. While Basirhat municipality is in the north-west, Taki municipality is in the south-east.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Basirhat I CD Block has an area of 112.10 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Basirhat I block/ panchayat samiti are: Gochha Akharpur, Itinda Panitore, Pifa, Sankchura Begundi, Gotra, Nimdaria Kodalia and Sangrampur-Shibhati.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Basirhat I CD Block had a total population of 171,613, of which 150,520 were rural and 21,093 were urban. There were 87,717 (51%) males and 83,896 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,094. Scheduled Castes numbered 22,070 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,268.[6]

As per 2001 census, Basirhat I block has a total population of 146,836 out of which 75,035 were males and 71,801 were females. Basirhat I block registered a population growth of 20.20 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[3] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

There are three census towns in Basirhat I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Itinda (8,679), Dandirhat (P) (6,387) and Uttar Bagundi (6,027).[6]

Large villages in Basirhat I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Pipha (5,700), Debhog (4,430), Gotra (5,894), Goknashri Gobindapur (4,110), Sangrampur (7,233), Merudandi (4,730), Akharpur (6,204), Gachha (6,489), Panitar (13,947), Hariharpur (4,477) and Kodalia (5,896).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Basirhat I CD Block was 108,530 (72.10% of the population over 6 years) out of which 58,344 (54%) were males and 50,186 (46%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[8] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Basirhat I CD Block
Muslim
  
68.54%
Hindu
  
31.24%
Others
  
0.22%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 117,617 and formed 68.54% of the population in Basirhat I CD Block. Hindus numbered 53,261 and formed 31.24% of the population. Others numbered 375 and formed 0.22% of the population.[10]

In 1981 Muslims numbered 62,735 and formed 69.88% of the population and Hindus numbered 27,032 and formed 30.42% of the population in Basirhat I CD Block. In 1981 Hindus numbered 69,052 and formed 55.09% of the population and Muslims numbered 54,437 and formed 44.01% of the population in Basirhat II CD Block. In 1991 Muslims numbered 187,528 and formed 65.54% of the population and Hindus numbered 98,619 and formed 34.46% of the population in Basirhat I and Basirhat II CD Blocks taken together. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[11]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[10] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[10]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[12]

Basirhat I CD Block had a population density of 1,321 persons per km2. It was ranked 9 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 62.27%, ranking of 19. Male literacy rate was 69.29% and female literacy rate was 54.92%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Basirhat I CD Block was cultivators 18.56, agricultural labourers 18.99, household industry workers 10.90 and other workers 51.55 (non-agricultural, non-household). 34.78% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[12]

In the Basirhat I CD Block 12 villages had secondary schools and for 93.55% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Bashirhat I had 7 high schools with 3,922 students and 173 teachers. It had 4 higher secondary schools with 2,830 students and 212 teachers.[12]

In Basirhat I, 85.48% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 88.71% villages had paved approach roads, 82.26% villages had primary schools, 1.61% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 98.39% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Bashirhat I CD Block, 41 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 20 villages had tap water and 1 village did not have any drinking water facility. Basirhat I CD Block had 80 km surfaced roads and 143 km unsurfaced roads.[12]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Basirhat I there were 506 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were poultry, goat rearing, fishery and prawn culture and gauge bandage production. Basirhat I CD Block had 2 health centres and 19 sub-centres.[12]


Healthcare[edit]

Basirhat I block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basirhat I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ From Basirhat subdivision page.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  8. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.