Habra I

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Habra I
হাবড়া I সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Habra I is located in West Bengal
Habra I
Habra I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°45′E / 22.86°N 88.75°E / 22.86; 88.75Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°45′E / 22.86°N 88.75°E / 22.86; 88.75
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 136.42 km2 (52.67 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 225,200
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 168,687 (83.15%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743263 (Habra)
743704 (Guma)
743234 (Bira Ballavepara)
Telephone/STD code 03216
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Barasat, Bangaon
Vidhan Sabha constituency Habra, Gaighata
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Habra I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barasat Sadar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Habra police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Prafulla Nagar. It is located 29 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Sadpur, a census town in Habra I block, is located at 22°52′N 88°45′E / 22.86°N 88.75°E / 22.86; 88.75.

Habra I CD Block is bounded by Gaighata CD Block in the north, Swarupnagar and Baduria CD Blocks in the east, Deganga and Barasat I CD Blocks in the south, and Habra II CD Block in the west.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Habra I CD Block has an area of 136.42 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Habra I block are: Bergoom-I, Bergoom-II, Kumra, Machhlandapur-I, Machhlandapur-II, Prithiba and Routara. Panchayat Samiti is Habra-I Panchayat Samiti.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Habra I CD Block had a total population of 225,200, of which 175,651 were rural and 49,549 were urban. There were 116,027 (52%) males and 109,173 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,325. Scheduled Castes numbered 77,965 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 6,376.[5]

As per 2001 census, Habra I block has a total population of 188,112 out of which 97,146 were males and 90,966 were females. Population of the rural areas in the block was 165,216 and that of the urban areas was 22,096. Habra I block registered a population growth of 17.07 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[3] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Habra I CD Block were (2011 census figures in brackets): Nokpul (7,737), Maslandapur (10,790), Sadpur (7,773), Betpuli (9,404), Anarbaria (5,895) and Purbba Narayanpur (7,950).[5]

Large villages in Habra I CD Block were (2011 census figures in brackets): Janaphul (9,515), Lakshmipul (4,238), Dakshin Sarai (5,285), Marakpur (5,053), Mahisa Machhlandapur (6,488), Sonakene (6,933), Bergum (6,989), Krishna Nagar (5,187), Phultala (7,775), Kashipur (5,877), Kumra (5,410) and Rajballabhpur (6,909).[5]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Habra I CD Block was 168,687 (83.15% of the population over 6 years) out of which 91,058 (54%) were males and 77,629 (46%) were females.[5]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[7] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[8] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Habra I CD Block
Hindu
  
73.51%
Muslim
  
25.81%
Others
  
0.68%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 165,537 and formed 73.51% of the population in Habra I CD Block. Muslims numbered 58,132 and formed 25.81% of the population. Others numbered 1,531 and formed 0.68% of the population.[9]

In 1981 Hindus numbered 79,050 and formed 80.30% of the population and Muslims numbered 18,883 and formed 19.20% of the population in Habra I CD Block. In 1981 Hindus numbered 60,268 and formed 67.12% of the population and Muslims numbered 29,206 and formed 32.53% of the population in Habra II CD Block. In 1991 Hindus numbered 180,690 and formed 63.80% of the population and Muslims numbered 101,571 and formed 35.84% of the population in Habra I and Habra II CD Blocks taken together. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[10]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[9] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[9]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[11]

Habra I CD Block had a population density of 1,408 persons per km2. It was ranked 6 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 76.63%, ranking of 3. Male literacy rate was 83.65% and female literacy rate was 69.10%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Habra I CD Block was cultivators 19.19, agricultural labourers 21.01, household industry workers 7.15 and other workers 52.64 (non-agricultural, non-household). 34.81% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[11]

In the Habra I CD Block 8 villages had secondary schools and for 91.38% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Habra I had 11 high schools with 11,352 students and 192 teachers. It had 8 higher secondary schools with 8,648 students and 160 teachers.[11]

In Habra I, 98.28% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 98.28% villages had paved approach roads, 100% villages had primary schools, 3.45% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Habra I CD Block, 52 villages had tube wells for drinking water and 6 villages had tap water. Habra I CD Block had 169 km surfaced roads and 112 km unsurfaced roads.[11]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Habra I there were 586 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were spices, fruits and vegetable processing, mushroom production, crystal bag making and ready-made garments. Habra I CD Block had 3 health centres and 21 sub-centres.[11]


Healthcare[edit]

Habra I block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Habra I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  7. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.