Fuyang

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For other uses, see Fuyang (disambiguation).
Fuyang
阜阳市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Fuyang Prefecture within Anhui (China).png
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 8
Municipal seat Yingzhou District
(32°54′N 115°49′E / 32.900°N 115.817°E / 32.900; 115.817)
Government
 • CPC Secretary Song Weiping (宋卫平)
 • Mayor Yu Yong (于勇)
Area
 • Total 9,775 km2 (3,774 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 10,142,922
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0558
GDP 2010
GDP per capita 7,288
License Plate Prefix K

About this sound Fuyang  (simplified Chinese: 阜阳; traditional Chinese: 阜陽; pinyin: Fùyáng) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Bozhou to the northeast, Huainan to the southeast, Lu'an to the south, and the province of Henan on all other sides.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Fuyang administers eight county-level divisions, including three districts, one county-level city and four counties.

History[edit]

According to Frank Dikötter, the Fuyang region was hit particularly hard by famines during the Great Leap Forward. Dikötter claims that this region, which had a population of 8 million in 1958, had a death rate that rivaled Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge,[1] and that more than 2.4 million people perished there over three years.[2] However, some others such as Cormac Ó Gráda, famine scholar and professor of economics at University College Dublin, have criticized Dikötter's methodology as being unreliable.[3]

In the 1990s, commercial blood selling schemes led to entire villages in Henan and Anhui being infected with the HIV virus. The Fuyang AIDS Orphan Salvation Association has done some relief work to help AIDS orphans in Fuyang.[4][5] The 2006 short film, The Blood of Yingzhou District, provides a documentary of the lives of AIDS orphans living in rural areas of Yingzhou.

Culture[edit]

Ge La Tiao, a popular local dish made with thick noodles

Cuisine[edit]

The most notable local dish in Fuyang is Ge La Tiao (格拉条), a spicy noodle dish made with thick noodles mixed with sesame sauce, coriander, garlic, chili oil, and other ingredients. Many people native to Fuyang enjoy this dish, but some people who come to Fuyang from other areas may dislike it and find it difficult to digest.

Other notable local dishes include:

  • Taihe Yangrou Banmian (太和羊肉板面): a very common noodle dish served in Fuyang. This dish includes wide, flat noodles, along with Chinese cabbage, lamb, and red chili peppers.
  • Fen Ji (粉鸡): a chicken soup made with minced chicken, egg, mushroom, dasheen powder, and other seasonings.
  • Zhen Tou Mo (枕头馍): a type of large steamed bread, which is often compared in size and shape to a pillow.
  • Tian San Juan Mo (田三卷膜): a type of pancake wrapped in the shape of a cone, stuffed with bean sprouts, tofu, and other ingredients, with sauce on top.[6]

The most common type of Chinese tea in Fuyang is Huangshan Maofeng, followed by other teas such as Lu'an Guapian, Keemun black tea (Qimen Hongcha), and Taiping Houkui. Teas from outside the region are also popular, such as Tieguanyin and Longjing.

Transportation[edit]

View of the city from a bridge in Fuyang

Rail[edit]

Fuyang has a large railway station, and is a railway transportation hub for Anhui province. However, there is no high-speed rail to or from Fuyang.

Air[edit]

Flights to and from other Chinese cities are possible through Fuyang Airport.

Education[edit]

Fuyang Teachers College is the main institution for higher education in Fuyang.

Climate[edit]

The climate in Fuyang is often described as dry and temperate.

Because the weather is perceived as frequently changing, a common saying among local people is that, "Fuyang has four seasons in spring."

Climate data for Fuyang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
9.0
(48.2)
13.8
(56.8)
21.3
(70.3)
26.5
(79.7)
30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
27.2
(81)
22.1
(71.8)
15.4
(59.7)
9.3
(48.7)
20.5
(68.8)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
0.0
(32)
4.5
(40.1)
10.9
(51.6)
16.1
(61)
20.8
(69.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.3
(73.9)
18.2
(64.8)
12.2
(54)
5.5
(41.9)
0.1
(32.2)
11.2
(52.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 26.6
(1.047)
32.6
(1.283)
56.8
(2.236)
56.6
(2.228)
81.5
(3.209)
161.9
(6.374)
189.2
(7.449)
95.9
(3.776)
87.3
(3.437)
63.8
(2.512)
40.0
(1.575)
17.8
(0.701)
910
(35.827)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.8 6.5 9.5 8.2 9.5 10.3 12.7 10.9 8.7 8.2 6.4 4.7 101.4
Source: Weather China

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dikötter, Frank (2010-10-13). Mao's Great Famine (Complete). Asia Society. Lecture by Frank Dikötter (Video).
  2. ^ Dikötter, Frank. Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62. Walker & Company, 2010. p. 317
  3. ^ Ó Gráda, Cormac (15 March 2011). "Great Leap into Famine? – Ó Gráda’s review of Dikötter book". China Study Group. 
  4. ^ "Orphanage workers ease the plight of China's AIDS children". China Human Rights. 
  5. ^ "China - Aids Orphans Salvation Association of Fuyang (AOS)". UNESCO. 
  6. ^ "田三卷膜". 

External links[edit]