|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yingzhou District
|• CPC Secretary||Song Weiping (宋卫平)|
|• Mayor||Yu Yong (于勇)|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,775 km2 (3,774 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,844 km2 (712 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,844 km2 (712 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,599,913|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP per capita||7,288|
|License Plate Prefix||皖K|
Fuyang (help·info) (simplified Chinese: 阜阳; traditional Chinese: 阜陽; pinyin: Fùyáng) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Bozhou to the northeast, Huainan to the southeast, Lu'an to the south, and the province of Henan on all other sides.
Its population was 7,599,913 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,768,947 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts Yingzhou, Yingdong and Yingquan.
- Yingzhou District
- Yingdong District
- Yingquan District
- Jieshou City
- Taihe County
- Linquan County
- Funan County
- Yingshang County
Starting with the Qin dynasty, the region now called Fuyang was deemed Ruyin (汝陰). Ruyin was classified as part of the ancient province of Yuzhou. In the early Han Dynasty, Ruyin was ruled by Xiahou Ying (d. 172 BCE), who fought alongside Liu Bang against the warlord Xiang Yu, in the Chu–Han Contention (206–202 BC), and helped Liu Bang establish the Han dynasty. Following the establishment of the Han dynasty, the title conferred upon Xiahou Ying was "Lord of Ruyin" (汝陰侯). The second Lord of Ruyin was Xiahou Ying's son, Xiahou Zao (d. 165 BCE), whose tomb was later rediscovered in Fuyang in the 1970s.
The site of the second Lord of Ruyin's tomb, called Shuanggudui, was rediscovered in 1977 when Fuyang's municipal airport was undergoing an expansion. Two tombs were found, although only one contained texts. Much like Mawangdui, important classical Chinese texts were found at Shuanggudui that shed new light on ancient Chinese culture and literature. Texts recorded on bamboo strips were found at Shuanggudui, including the Yijing, Classic of Poetry, Zhuangzi, Cang Jie Pian (primer), Classic for Physiognomizing Dogs (相狗經), tables of historical annals, studies of myriad phenomena (萬物), a text on the motions of qi (行氣), and others.
Ouyang Xiu died in 1072 in present day Fuyang, Anhui. His influence was so great, even opponents like Wang Anshi wrote moving tributes on his behalf. Wang referred to him as the greatest literary figure of his age.
According to Frank Dikötter, the Fuyang region was hit particularly hard by famines during the Great Leap Forward. Dikötter claims that this region, which had a population of 8 million in 1958, had a death rate that rivaled Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, and that more than 2.4 million people perished there over three years. However, some others such as Cormac Ó Gráda, famine scholar and professor of economics at University College Dublin, have criticized Dikötter's methodology as being unreliable.
In the 1990s, commercial blood selling schemes led to entire villages in Henan and Anhui being infected with the HIV virus. The Fuyang AIDS Orphan Salvation Association has done some relief work to help AIDS orphans in Fuyang. The 2006 short film, The Blood of Yingzhou District, provides a documentary of the lives of AIDS orphans living in rural areas of Yingzhou.
In 2004, there was a food scandal involving fake infant formula being sold in Fuyang. Chinese state media reported that 50–60 children in Fuyang died from the formula, with the children belonging mostly to poor rural families. Fuyang's mayor Liu Qingqiang was reprimanded by the Chinese Communist Party for failing to supervise food safety, while Vice Mayor Ma Mingyue was forced to resign. Subsequently, 55 brands of cheap infant formula were banned after it was discovered they had only traces of the required nutrients.
In early 2007, Chinese state media began reporting that in Yingquan District, a government building dubbed the "White House" was becoming controversial. The construction cost of the "White House" was reported to have reached 30 million yuan, nearly one third of the 100 million yuan annual fiscal income of the entire Yingquan district. Despite being popularly deemed the "White House" (白宫), the building resembles the United States Capitol.
In 2008, it was widely reported that Zhang Zhi'an (张治安), the Communist Party chief of Yingquan District, nicknamed the "White House Party Chief," had been suspended from his office on June 5, 2008, along several other officials. They were under investigation for the death of Li Guofu (李国福), a businessman who acted as a whistleblower. In Beijing, Li Guofu had accused Zhang of corruption and abuse of power, and hoped that Yingquan District would reclaim the area as farmland. In August 2007, Li Guofu was arrested by the Yingquan government on corruption charges and imprisoned. Zhang interrogated Li, threatening his family, and extracted a confession from him. On March 13, 2008, just hours before he was scheduled to see a lawyer, Li Guofu was found hanged. Although his death was deemed a suicide, media reported that Li Guofu's body was bruised and his mouth was tightly shut, uncharacteristic of a suicide by hanging. On February 8, 2010, Zhang was found guilty of taking bribes, retaliation, and framing an innocent person, and was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve.
The most notable local dish in Fuyang is Ge La Tiao (格拉条), a spicy noodle dish made with thick noodles mixed with sesame sauce, coriander, garlic, chili oil, and other ingredients. Many people native to Fuyang enjoy this dish, but some people who come to Fuyang from other areas may dislike it and find it difficult to digest.
Other notable local dishes include:
- Taihe Yangrou Banmian (太和羊肉板面): a very common noodle dish served in Fuyang. This dish includes wide, flat noodles, along with Chinese cabbage, lamb, and red chili peppers.
- Fen Ji (粉鸡): a chicken soup made with cellophane noodles, breaded chicken, quail eggs, dasheen powder, and other seasonings.
- Zhen Tou Mo (枕头馍): a type of large steamed bread, which is often compared in size and shape to a pillow.
- Tian San Juan Mo (田三卷膜): a type of pancake wrapped in the shape of a cone, stuffed with bean sprouts, tofu, and other ingredients, with sauce on top.
The most common type of Chinese tea in Fuyang is Huangshan Maofeng, followed by other teas such as Lu'an Guapian, Keemun black tea (Qimen Hongcha), and Taiping Houkui. Teas from outside the region are also popular, such as Tieguanyin and Longjing.
Fuyang has a large railway station, and is a railway transportation hub for Anhui province. However, there is no high-speed rail to or from Fuyang.
Flights to and from major cities in China are possible through Fuyang Xiguan Airport.
Fuyang Teachers College is the main institution for higher education in Fuyang.
The climate in Fuyang is often described as dry and temperate.
Because the weather is perceived as frequently changing, a common saying among local people is that, "Fuyang has four seasons in spring."
|Climate data for Fuyang (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||26.6
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.8||6.5||9.5||8.2||9.5||10.3||12.7||10.9||8.7||8.2||6.4||4.7||101.4|
|Source: Weather China|
- Deng Linlin (1992−), Chinese gymnast
- Guan Zhong (?−645 BC), Spring and Autumn era politician and economist
- Lü Meng (178−219), Three Kingdoms era military general serving the Kingdom of Wu
- Shaughnessy, Edward L. (2014), Unearthing the Changes: Recently Discovered Manuscripts of the Yi Jing (I Ching) and Related Texts, New York: Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-16184-8
- Dikötter, Frank (2010-10-13). Mao's Great Famine (Complete). Asia Society. Lecture by Frank Dikötter (Video).
- Dikötter, Frank. Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62. Walker & Company, 2010. p. 317
- Ó Gráda, Cormac (15 March 2011). "Great Leap into Famine? – Ó Gráda’s review of Dikötter book". China Study Group.
- "Orphanage workers ease the plight of China's AIDS children". China Human Rights.
- "China - Aids Orphans Salvation Association of Fuyang (AOS)". UNESCO.
- Francie Grace (2004-05-10). "Arrests In Fake Baby Formula Case". CBS News.
- Raksha Shetty (2004-06-09). "Fake Milk Powder Causes Baby Death". CBS News.
- "Local officials need oversight". China Daily. 2007-01-24.
- "Officials investigated over petitioner's death in prison". China Daily (Xinhua). 2008-06-23.
- Wang Jingqiong (2009-11-20). ""White house director" on trial for corruption".
- Lan Tian (2010-02-09). "Death sentence for "White House boss"". China Daily.
- Repass GL, Palmer WC, Stancampiano FF (September 2014). "Hand, foot, and mouth disease: Identifying and managing an acute viral syndrome". Cleve Clin J Med 81 (9): 537–43. doi:10.3949/ccjm.81a.13132. PMID 25183845.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fuyang.|
- Government website of Fuyang (in Simplified Chinese)