|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yingzhou District
|• CPC Secretary||Song Weiping (宋卫平)|
|• Mayor||Yu Yong (于勇)|
|• Total||9,775 km2 (3,774 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP per capita||7,288|
|License Plate Prefix||皖K|
Fuyang (help·info) (simplified Chinese: 阜阳; traditional Chinese: 阜陽; pinyin: Fùyáng) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Bozhou to the northeast, Huainan to the southeast, Lu'an to the south, and the province of Henan on all other sides.
- Yingzhou District
- Yingdong District
- Yingquan District
- Jieshou City
- Taihe County
- Linquan County
- Funan County
- Yingshang County
According to Frank Dikötter, the Fuyang region was hit particularly hard by famines during the Great Leap Forward. Dikötter claims that this region, which had a population of 8 million in 1958, had a death rate that rivaled Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, and that more than 2.4 million people perished there over three years. However, some others such as Cormac Ó Gráda, famine scholar and professor of economics at University College Dublin, have criticized Dikötter's methodology as being unreliable.
In the 1990s, commercial blood selling schemes led to entire villages in Henan and Anhui being infected with the HIV virus. The Fuyang AIDS Orphan Salvation Association has done some relief work to help AIDS orphans in Fuyang. The 2006 short film, The Blood of Yingzhou District, provides a documentary of the lives of AIDS orphans living in rural areas of Yingzhou.
The most notable local dish in Fuyang is Ge La Tiao (格拉条), a spicy noodle dish made with thick noodles mixed with sesame sauce, coriander, garlic, chili oil, and other ingredients. Many people native to Fuyang enjoy this dish, but some people who come to Fuyang from other areas may dislike it and find it difficult to digest.
Other notable local dishes include:
- Taihe Yangrou Banmian (太和羊肉板面): a very common noodle dish served in Fuyang. This dish includes wide, flat noodles, along with Chinese cabbage, lamb, and red chili peppers.
- Fen Ji (粉鸡): a chicken soup made with minced chicken, egg, mushroom, dasheen powder, and other seasonings.
- Zhen Tou Mo (枕头馍): a type of large steamed bread, which is often compared in size and shape to a pillow.
- Tian San Juan Mo (田三卷膜): a type of pancake wrapped in the shape of a cone, stuffed with bean sprouts, tofu, and other ingredients, with sauce on top.
The most common type of Chinese tea in Fuyang is Huangshan Maofeng, followed by other teas such as Lu'an Guapian, Keemun black tea (Qimen Hongcha), and Taiping Houkui. Teas from outside the region are also popular, such as Tieguanyin and Longjing.
Fuyang has a large railway station, and is a railway transportation hub for Anhui province. However, there is no high-speed rail to or from Fuyang.
Flights to and from other Chinese cities are possible through Fuyang Airport.
Fuyang Teachers College is the main institution for higher education in Fuyang.
The climate in Fuyang is often described as dry and temperate.
Because the weather is perceived as frequently changing, a common saying among local people is that, "Fuyang has four seasons in spring."
|Climate data for Fuyang (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||26.6
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.8||6.5||9.5||8.2||9.5||10.3||12.7||10.9||8.7||8.2||6.4||4.7||101.4|
|Source: Weather China|
- Deng Linlin (1992−), Chinese gymnast
- Guan Zhong (?−645 BC), Spring and Autumn era politician and economist
- Lü Meng (178−219), Three Kingdoms era military general serving the Kingdom of Wu
- Dikötter, Frank (2010-10-13). Mao's Great Famine (Complete). Asia Society. Lecture by Frank Dikötter (Video).
- Dikötter, Frank. Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62. Walker & Company, 2010. p. 317
- Ó Gráda, Cormac (15 March 2011). "Great Leap into Famine? – Ó Gráda’s review of Dikötter book". China Study Group.
- "Orphanage workers ease the plight of China's AIDS children". China Human Rights.
- "China - Aids Orphans Salvation Association of Fuyang (AOS)". UNESCO.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fuyang.|
- Government website of Fuyang (in Simplified Chinese)