Basirhat II

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Basirhat II
বসিরহাট II সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Basirhat II is located in West Bengal
Basirhat II
Basirhat II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°40′30″N 88°50′46″E / 22.6750850°N 88.8460060°E / 22.6750850; 88.8460060Coordinates: 22°40′30″N 88°50′46″E / 22.6750850°N 88.8460060°E / 22.6750850; 88.8460060
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 132.54 km2 (51.17 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 226,130
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 155,685 (78.30%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743437 (Dhanyakuria)
743486 (Nehalpur)
Telephone/STD code 03217
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Basirhat Uttar
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Basirhat II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Basirhat subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Basirhat police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Krishna Madanpur. It is located 45 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Dhanyakuria, a census town in Basirhat II block, is located at 22°40′30″N 88°50′46″E / 22.6750850°N 88.8460060°E / 22.6750850; 88.8460060.

Basirhat II CD Block is bounded by Baduria CD Block in the north, Basirhat I CD Block in the east, Haroa CD Block in the south and Deganga CD Block in the west. While Baduria municipality is in the north Basirhat municipality is in the east.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Basirhat II CD Block has an area of 132.54 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Basirhat II block/ panchayat samiti are: Begumpur Bibipur, Dhanyakuria, Kholapota, Ghorarash Kulingram, Rajendrapur, Chaita, Shrinagar Matia, Champapukur and Kachua.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Basirhat II CD Block had a total population of 226,130, of which 208,940 were rural and 17,209 were urban. There were 115,735 (51%) males and 110,395 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 27,291. Scheduled Castes numbered 19,794 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 5,687.[6]

As per 2001 census, Basirhat II CD block has a total population of 194,006 out of which 99,295 were males and 94,711 were females. Basirhat II block registered a population growth of 18.30 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[3] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

There are three census towns in Basirhat II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Dhanyakuria (5,148), Mathurapur (6,803) and Raghunathpur (P) (5,339).[6]

Large villages in Basirhat II block (2011 census figures in brackets): Eojnagar (11,051), Nehalpur (7,682), Begampur (6,923), Kachua Swarupnagar (8,383), Kripalpur (4,134), Sadiknagar (5,082), Srinagar (11,028), Matia (4,579), Sangbaria (4,452), Chapna Pukhuria (5,738), Zafarpur (15,159), Ghona (5,763), Rajendrapur (10,417) and Tyntra Neora (4,070).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Basirhat II CD Block was 155,685 (78.30% of the population over 6 years) out of which 83,196 (54%) were males and 72,489 (46%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[8] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Basirhat II CD Block
Muslim
  
70.10%
Hindu
  
29.67%
Others
  
0.23%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 158,514 and formed 70.10% of the population in Basirhat II CD Block. Hindus numbered 67,085 and formed 29.67% of the population. Others numbered 531 and formed 0.23% of the population.[10]

In 1981 Muslims numbered 62,735 and formed 69.88% of the population and Hindus numbered 27,032 and formed 30.42% of the population in Basirhat I CD Block. In 1981 Hindus numbered 69,052 and formed 55.09% of the population and Muslims numbered 54,437 and formed 44.01% of the population in Basirhat II CD Block. In 1991 Muslims numbered 187,528 and formed 65.54% of the population and Hindus numbered 98,619 and formed 34.46% of the population in Basirhat I and Basirhat II CD Blocks taken together. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.[11]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[10] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[10]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[12]

Basirhat II CD Block had a population density of 1,490 persons per km2. It was ranked 4 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 68.03%, ranking of 15. Male literacy rate was 74.65% and female literacy rate was 61.06%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Basirhat II CD Block was cultivators 20.23, agricultural labourers 24.33, household industry workers 6.0 and other workers 49.44 (non-agricultural, non-household). 17.61% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[12]

In the Basirhat II CD Block 11 villages had secondary schools and for 94.12% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Bashirhat II had 10 high schools with 7,334 students and 200 teachers. It had 8 higher secondary schools with 6,991 students and 203 teachers.[12]

In Basirhat II, 95.59% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 95.59% villages had paved approach roads, 91.18% villages had primary schools, 5.88% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 97.06% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Bashirhat II CD Block, 57 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 6 villages had tap water, 3 villages had hand pumps and 2 villages did not have any drinking water facility. Basirhat II CD Block had 413 km surfaced roads and 19 km unsurfaced roads.[12]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Basirhat II there were 546 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were goat rearing, tailoring and jari work. Basirhat II CD Block had 3 health centres and 27 sub-centres.[12]


Healthcare[edit]

Basirhat II block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basirhat II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ From Basirhat subdivision page.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  8. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.