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United States presidential election, 2016

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United States presidential election, 2016
United States
2012 ←
November 8, 2016 → 2020

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
 
Hillary Clinton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Donald Trump August 19, 2015 3 by 2.jpg
Nominee Hillary Clinton
(presumptive)
Donald Trump
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York New York
Running mate Tim Kaine
(presumptive)
Mike Pence

  Gary Johnson June 2016.jpg Jill Stein by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Nominee Gary Johnson Jill Stein
(presumptive)
Party Libertarian Green
Home state New Mexico Massachusetts
Running mate William Weld TBD

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About this image
The electoral map for the 2016 election, based on apportionment following the 2010 census

Incumbent President

Barack Obama
Democratic



The United States presidential election of 2016, constitutionally prescribed to occur on Tuesday, November 8, 2016, will be the 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will vote for a new president and vice president through the Electoral College. The term limit established in the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution prevents the incumbent president, Barack Obama of the Democratic Party, from being elected to a third term. If President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden serve out the remainder of their respective terms, the 2016 election will determine the 45th President and 48th Vice President of the United States.

The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses took place between February 1 and June 14, 2016, staggered among the 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who in turn elect their party's presidential nominee. The 2016 Republican National Convention took place from July 18–21, 2016 in Cleveland, Ohio, while the 2016 Democratic National Convention will take place from July 25–28, 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump became the Republican Party's presidential nominee on July 19, 2016, after defeating Senator Ted Cruz, Governor John Kasich, Senator Marco Rubio and several other candidates in the Republican primary elections.[1] Former Secretary of State and New York Senator Hillary Clinton became the Democratic Party's presumptive presidential nominee on June 6, 2016.[2][3] Clinton's main rival for the Democratic nomination, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, has stated he will assist in efforts to defeat Trump and officially endorsed Clinton on July 12, but has yet to formally suspend his campaign.[4]

Various third party and independent presidential candidates will also contest the election, of which two have currently obtained enough ballot access to win the presidency and have been featured in major national polls: the Libertarian Party nominee, former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson; and the Green Party presumptive nominee Jill Stein.[5][6] Both Johnson and Stein ran as their parties' presidential nominees in the 2012 election.

Background

Barack Obama, current President of the United States, whom the 2016 United States presidential election will replace

Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of the United States must be natural-born citizens of the United States at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties of the United States, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in November is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the President and Vice President.

Obama, a Democrat and former U.S. Senator from Illinois, is ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to restrictions of the Twenty-second Amendment; in accordance with Section I of the Twentieth Amendment, his term expires at 12:00 noon on January 20, 2017.

2008 presidential election

In the 2008 election, Obama was elected president, defeating the Republican nominee, Senator John McCain of Arizona, with 52.9% of the popular vote and 68% of the electoral vote,[7][8] succeeding two-term Republican President George W. Bush, the former Governor of Texas. Since the end of 2009, Obama's first year in office, polling companies such as Gallup have found Obama's approval ratings to be between 40-50%.[9][10] Analysts such as Larry Sabato have noted that Obama's approval ratings could impact the 2016 campaign, either helping or hurting Clinton.[11][12]

2010 midterm elections

Further information: United States elections, 2010

In the 2010 midterm elections, the Democratic Party suffered significant losses in Congress; the Republicans gained 63 seats in the House of Representatives – taking back control of the chamber in the process – and six seats in the Senate, though short of achieving a majority. As a result of the Republicans' recapture of the House after losing it to the Democrats in the 2006 midterm elections, John Boehner became the 53rd Speaker of the House of Representatives, making Obama the first President in 16 years to lose the House of Representatives in the first half of his first term in an election that was characterized by the economy's slow recovery, and the rise of the Tea Party movement.[13]

2012 presidential election

In the 2012 presidential election, Obama defeated former Governor of Massachusetts Mitt Romney with 51.1% of the popular vote and 61.7% of the electoral vote, extending his already historic presidency in the process.[14] Meanwhile, despite minor losses, Republicans retained their majority of seats in the House of Representatives while Democrats increased their majority in the Senate.[8]

Speculation about the 2016 campaign began almost immediately following the 2012 campaign, with New York magazine declaring the race had begun in an article published on November 8, two days after the 2012 election.[15] On the same day, Politico released an article predicting the 2016 general election may be between Clinton and former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush, while a New York Times article named Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie and New Jersey Senator Cory Booker as potential candidates.[16][17]

2014 midterm elections

Further information: United States elections, 2014

In the 2014 midterm elections, voter turnout was the lowest since 1942 with only 36.4% of eligible voters voting.[18] As a result, not only had the Republicans retained control of the House of Representatives, increasing their majority to its largest level since March 4, 1929,[19] but also gained a majority in the Senate.

Democratic Party

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who also served in the U.S. Senate and was the First Lady of the United States, became the first Democrat to announce a major candidacy for the presidency. Clinton made the announcement on April 12, 2015 via a video message.[20] While Nationwide opinion polls in 2015 indicated that Clinton is the front-runner for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination, she faced challenges from Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders,[21] who became the second candidate when he made a formal announcement on April 30, 2015 that he was running for the Democratic nomination.[22] September 2015 polling numbers indicated a narrowing gap between Clinton and Sanders.[21][23][24] On May 30, 2015, former Governor of Maryland Martin O'Malley was the third candidate to enter the race.[25] Four days later, on June 3, 2015, Lincoln Chafee, former Independent Governor and Republican Senator of Rhode Island, became the fourth Democrat to announce his candidacy.[26][27] On July 2, 2015, former Virginia Senator Jim Webb became the fifth Democrat to announce his candidacy.[28] On September 6, 2015, former Harvard law professor Lawrence Lessig became the sixth and final Democrat to announce his candidacy.[29]

On October 20, 2015, Webb announced his withdrawal from the Democratic primaries, and explored a potential Independent run.[30] The next day, Joseph Biden, the incumbent Vice President and former U.S. Senator from Delaware, opted not to run, ending months of speculation, stating, "While I will not be a candidate, I will not be silent."[31][32] Two days later, on October 23, 2015, Chafee withdrew, stating that he hoped for "an end to the endless wars and the beginning of a new era for the United States and humanity."[33] On November 2, 2015, after failing to qualify for the second officially-sanctioned DNC debate after adoption of a rule change negated polls which before might have necessitated his inclusion in said debate, Lessig withdrew as well, narrowing the field to Clinton, O'Malley, and Sanders heading into the Iowa Caucus.[34]

On February 1, 2016, in an extremely close contest, Clinton won the Iowa caucuses by a margin of 0.2% over Sanders. Winning no delegates in the contest, O'Malley withdrew from the presidential race that day. On February 9, 2016, Sanders bounced back to win the New Hampshire primary with 60% of the vote. In the remaining two February contests, Clinton won the Nevada caucuses with 53% of the vote and scored a decisive victory in the South Carolina primary with 73% of the vote.[35][36]

On March 1, 2016, 11 states participated in the first of four "Super Tuesday" primaries, with Clinton winning Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia for a total of 504 pledged delegates, while Sanders won Colorado, Minnesota, Oklahoma and his home state of Vermont to garner a total of 340 delegates by the end of the night. On the weekend of March 5, 2016, Sanders racked up victories in Kansas, Nebraska and Maine with 15- to 30-point margins, while Clinton won the Louisiana primary with 71% of the vote. On March 8, 2016, despite never having a lead in the Michigan primary, Sanders scored a stunning upset, winning by a small margin of 1.5% and outperforming polls by over 19 points, while, as expected, Clinton won 83% of the vote in Mississippi.[37] On March 15, 2016, the second of four "Super Tuesday" primaries, Clinton won Florida, Illinois, Missouri, North Carolina and Ohio. Between March 22 and April 9, 2016, Sanders won six caucuses in Idaho, Utah, Alaska, Hawaii, Washington and Wyoming, as well as the Wisconsin primary, while Clinton won the Arizona primary. By this stage, Clinton had won 1,305 pledged delegates to Sanders' 1,099.[38]

On April 19, 2016, Clinton won the New York primary with 58% of the vote. On April 26, 2016, in the third of four "Super Tuesday" primaries dubbed the "Acela primary," she won contests in Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland and Pennsylvania while Sanders won Rhode Island. On May 3, 2016, Sanders pulled off another surprise win in the Indiana primary with a 5-point margin of victory[39] and he proceeded to claim West Virginia on May 10, 2016 with a 15-point lead, while Clinton won the Guam caucus on May 7, 2016.

Former Sanders supporter supporting Clinton after Sanders endorses her

As of May 10, 2016, of the 78% of pledged delegates allocated in primaries and caucuses so far, Clinton has won 54% to Sanders' 46%.[40] Out of the 714 unpledged delegates or "superdelegates" who will vote in the convention in July, Clinton has received endorsements from 505 (71%), while Sanders has received 41 (6%).[40]

On June 6, 2016, the Associated Press and NBC News stated that Clinton had become the presumptive nominee after reaching the required number of delegates, including both pledged and unpledged delegates (superdelegates), to secure the nomination, becoming the first woman to ever clinch the nomination of any major political party in the United States in the process.[41] On June 7, 2016, Clinton officially secured a majority of pledged delegates after winning in the California and New Jersey primaries. She won the final primary in Washington, D.C. on June 14, 2016. Sanders has not officially dropped out of the race, but announced on June 16, 2016 that his main goal in the coming months would be to work with Clinton to defeat Trump in the general election.[42] On July 12, 2016 Sanders formally endorsed Clinton at a rally in New Hampshire in which he appeared with Clinton.[43] Ten days later, the Clinton campaign announced that Virginia Senator Tim Kaine had been selected as her running mate.

Presumptive nominees

Democratic Party (United States)
Presumptive Democratic Party Ticket, 2016
Hillary Clinton Tim Kaine
for President for Vice President
Hillary Clinton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Tim Kaine crop.jpg
67th
U.S. Secretary of State
(2009–2013)
U.S. Senator from Virginia
(2013-present)
Campaign
Clinton Kaine.svg
[44][45][46]

Other

Withdrawn candidates

Vice presidential selection

In April 2016, the Clinton campaign began to put together a list of 15 to 20 individuals to vet for the position of running mate, even though Sanders continued to challenge Clinton in the Democratic primaries.[52] In mid-June, the The Wall Street Journal reported that Clinton's shortlist included Representative Xavier Becerra of California, Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey, Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro of Texas, Mayor of Los Angeles Eric Garcetti of California, Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia, Labor Secretary Tom Perez of Maryland, Representative Tim Ryan of Ohio, and Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts.[53] Subsequent reports stated that Clinton was also considering Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack, retired Admiral James Stavridis, and Governor John Hickenlooper of Colorado.[54] In discussing her potential vice presidential choice, Clinton stated that the most important attribute she looked for was the ability and experience to immediately step into the role of president.[54] On July 22, Clinton announced that she had chosen Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia as her running mate.[55] The 2016 Democratic National Convention, which takes place July 25-28, will formally nominate the Democratic ticket.

Republican Party

A total of 17 major candidates entered the race starting March 23, 2015, when Senator Ted Cruz of Texas was the first to formally announce his candidacy: former Governor Jeb Bush of Florida, retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson of Maryland, Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey, businesswoman Carly Fiorina of California, former Governor Jim Gilmore of Virginia, Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, former Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas, former Governor Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Governor John Kasich of Ohio, former Governor George Pataki of New York, Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, former Governor Rick Perry of Texas, Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania, businessman Donald Trump of New York and Governor Scott Walker of Wisconsin. This was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.[56]

Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1, 2016, Perry, Walker, Jindal, Graham and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers. Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cruz, after which Huckabee, Paul and Santorum withdrew due to poor performances at the ballot box. Following a sizable victory for Trump in the New Hampshire primary, Christie, Fiorina and Gilmore abandoned the race. Bush followed suit after scoring fourth place to Trump, Rubio and Cruz in South Carolina. On March 1, 2016, the first of four "Super Tuesday" primaries, Rubio won his first contest in Minnesota, Cruz won Alaska, Oklahoma and his home of Texas and Trump won the other seven states that voted. Failing to gain traction, Carson suspended his campaign a few days later.[57] On March 15, 2016, the second of four "Super Tuesday" primaries, Kasich won his only contest in his home state of Ohio and Trump won five primaries including Florida. Rubio suspended his campaign after losing his home state,[58] but retained a large share of his delegates for the national convention, which he plans to release to Trump.[58]

Between March 16 and May 3, 2016, only three candidates remained in the race: Trump, Cruz and Kasich. Cruz won most delegates in four Western contests and in Wisconsin, keeping a credible path to denying Trump the nomination on first ballot with 1,237 delegates. However, Trump scored landslide victories in New York and five Northeastern states in April and he grabbed all 57 delegates in the Indiana primary of May 3, 2016. Without any further chances of forcing a contested convention, both Cruz[59] and Kasich[60] suspended their campaigns. Trump remained the only active candidate and was declared the presumptive Republican nominee by Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus on the evening of May 3, 2016.[61]

Nominees

Republican Party (United States)
Republican Party Ticket, 2016
Donald Trump Mike Pence
for President for Vice President
Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped).jpg
Mike Pence crop 2.jpg
Chairman of
The Trump Organization
(1971–present)
50th
Governor of Indiana
(2013-present)
Campaign
Trump-Pence 2016.svg
[62][63][64]

Withdrawn candidates

Vice presidential selection

On July 16, 2016, then-presumptive Republican nominee Donald Trump announced that he had selected Pence as his running mate in a press conference in New York.

Donald Trump turned his attention towards selecting a running mate after he became the presumptive nominee on May 4, 2016.[107] In mid-June, Eli Stokols and Burgess Everett of Politico reported that the Trump campaign was considering New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich of Georgia, Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions, and Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin.[108] A June 30 Washington Post report also included Senators Bob Corker of Tennessee, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Tom Cotton of Arkansas, and Joni Ernst of Iowa, as well as Indiana Governor Mike Pence as individuals still being considered for the ticket.[109] Trump also stated that he was considering two military generals for the position, including retired Lieutenant General Michael Flynn.[110]

Shortlist

In July 2016, it was reported that Trump had narrowed his list of possible running mates down to the following three individuals.[111]

On July 14, 2016, several major media outlets reported that Trump had selected Pence as his running mate. Trump confirmed these reports in a message on Twitter on July 15, 2016 and made the formal announcement the following day in New York.[112][113][114][115][116] On July 19, the second night of the 2016 Republican National Convention, Pence won the Republican vice presidential nomination by acclamation.[117]

Major third parties

Parties in this section have obtained ballot access in enough states to theoretically obtain the minimum number of electoral votes needed to win the election. Individuals included in this section have completed one or more of the following actions: received, or formally announced their candidacy for, the presidential nomination of a third party; formally announced intention to run as an independent candidate and obtained enough ballot access to win the election; filed as a third party or non-affiliated candidate with the FEC (for other than exploratory purposes). Within each party, candidates are listed alphabetically by surname.

Libertarian Party

Ballot access for the Libertarian Party
  On ballot
  Not on ballot

Ballot access to 370 electoral votes: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.[118]

Nominees

Libertarian Party (United States)
Libertarian Party Ticket, 2016
Gary Johnson William Weld
for President for Vice President
Gary Johnson campaign portrait.jpg
Bill Weld campaign portrait.jpg
29th
Governor of New Mexico
(1995–2003)
68th
Governor of Massachusetts
(1991-1997)
Campaign
Johnson Weld 2016 2.png
[119][120]

Green Party

Ballot access for the Green Party
  On ballot
  Not on ballot, write-in access
  Not on ballot

Ballot access to 336 electoral votes: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Washington D.C., Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana (via write-in), Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin.[121]

Presumptive nominees

Green Party (United States)
Presumptive Green Party Ticket, 2016
Jill Stein TBD
for President for Vice President
Jill Stein by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Portrait gray.png
Physician
from Lexington, Massachusetts
Politician
from United States
Campaign
Jill 2016.png
[122]

Other third parties and independents

Parties and candidates in this section have attained ballot access in one or more states but have yet to obtain access to the minimum number of electoral votes needed to theoretically win the election. Unless otherwise specified, individuals included in this section have taken one or more of the following actions: formally announced their candidacy for the presidential nomination of a minor party; formally announced intention to run as an independent candidate; filed as a minor party or non-affiliated candidate with the FEC (for other than exploratory purposes). Candidates are listed by party and then alphabetically by surname.

Constitution Party

Ballot access to 150 electoral votes: Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming.[123]

America's Party

Further information: American Independent Party

Ballot access to 84 electoral votes: California, Florida.[126][127]

Party for Socialism and Liberation

Ballot access to 37 electoral votes: Florida,[129] Vermont,[130] New Mexico[131]

Prohibition Party

Further information: Prohibition Party

Ballot access to 21 electoral votes: Arkansas, Colorado, Mississippi.[133][134]

  • James Hedges, Tax Assessor for Thompson Township, Fulton County, Pennsylvania 2002–2007.[135][136] Vice-presidential nominee: Bill Bayes of Mississippi.[135]

Independent American Party

Further information: Independent American Party

Ballot access to 18 electoral votes: New Mexico, Oregon, Utah.[137]

  • Farley Anderson, activist from Utah.[137] Vice Presidential nominee: Vacant

American Delta Party

Ballot access to 15 electoral votes: Idaho, New Mexico, Utah.[138][139]

Nutrition Party

Ballot access to 9 electoral votes: Colorado.[133]

Veterans Party of America

Further information: Veterans Party of America

Ballot access to 6 electoral votes: Mississippi.[143]

  • Chris Keniston, reliability engineer from Texas.[144] Vice-presidential nominee: Deacon Taylor of Nevada.[145]

Better for America Party

Further information: Better for America

Ballot access to 5 electoral votes: New Mexico.[146]

Potential battleground states

Further information: Swing state

In every state except Maine and Nebraska, the winner of the popular vote in the state wins all of the electoral votes of the state. However, state legislatures can, by law, change how electors are elected.[147] Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", in which the winner of the state receives two electoral votes and candidates receive additional electoral votes for each congressional district that they win. Recent presidential campaigns have generally focused their resources on a relatively small number of competitive states.[148][149]

The battleground states for this election are Nevada, Colorado, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Virginia, North Carolina, Minnesota and Florida.[150][151] Other Democratic targets may include Nebraska's second congressional district, Montana, Missouri, Indiana, Georgia, and Arizona.[150][151] Trump's relatively poor polling in Utah has raised the possibility that it could become a competitive state, despite easy wins by recent Republican presidential candidates in the state.[152] However, multiple analysts have recently asserted that it is not yet a viable Democratic destination. Meanwhile, Republicans may target Maine's second congressional district, New Mexico, and Oregon.[151][153] Other states may also become competitive if the close races of 2016 differ from the close races of the 2012 election, or if 2016 becomes a landslide election.

Several sites and individuals publish periodic electoral predictions. These projections generally rate the race by the probability that either of the two parties wins each state. The term "tossup" is generally used to indicate that neither party has an advantage, "lean" to indicate that one party has a slight edge, "likely" to indicate that one party has a clear advantage, and "safe" to indicate that one party is heavily favored. All states classified without a rating of "safe" from any of the Cook Political Report, Sabato's Crystal Ball, or the Rothenberg & Gonzalez Political Report are included in the table below. The state's Cook PVI and the latest swing for each state are also listed, as well as competitive congressional districts in Maine and Nebraska. The states and districts considered safe for Clinton by all prognosticators total up to 178 electoral votes, while safe Trump states total up to 136 electoral votes, leaving 224 available electoral votes.

State Electoral
votes
Cook PVI 2012
Result
Cook
May 27
2016
[154]
Sabato
July 22
2016
[155]
Roth.
July 1
2016
[156]
RCP
July 13
2016
[157]
Last
swing
[158]
Arizona 11 R+7 53.7 R Lean R Lean R R Favored Tossup 1996
Colorado 9 D+1 51.5 D Lean D Lean D Tilt D Lean D 2004
Florida 29 R+2 50 D Lean D Lean D Tilt D Tossup 2004
Georgia 16 R+6 53.3 R Lean R Lean R R Favored Tossup 1992
Indiana 11 R+5 54.1 R Likely R Likely R R Favored Lean R 2008
Iowa 6 D+1 52 D Tossup Lean D Lean D Tossup 2004
Maine CD-2 1 D+2 52.9 D Likely D Likely D No rating Tossup 1988
Michigan 16 D+4 54.2 D Lean D Likely D D Favored Tossup 1988
Minnesota 10 D+2 52.7 D Likely D Likely D D Favored Lean D 1972
Missouri 10 R+5 53.8 R Likely R Likely R R Favored Lean R 1996
Nebraska CD-2 1 R+4 53 R Tossup Lean R No rating Lean R 2008
Nevada 6 D+2 52.4 D Lean D Lean D D Favored Tossup 2004
New Hampshire 4 D+1 52 D Tossup Lean D Tilt D Tossup 2000
New Mexico 5 D+4 53 D Safe D Safe D D Favored Lean D 2004
North Carolina 15 R+3 50.4 R Tossup Lean D Tossup Tossup 2008
Ohio 18 R+1 50.7 D Tossup Lean D Tilt D Tossup 2004
Oregon 7 D+5 54.2 D Safe D Safe D D Favored Lean D 1984
Pennsylvania 20 D+1 52 D Lean D Lean D Lean D Tossup 1988
Utah 6 R+22 72.8 R Safe R Likely R R Favored Lean R 1964
Virginia 13 Even 51.2 D Lean D Likely D Tilt D Tossup 2004
Wisconsin 10 D+2 52.8 D Lean D Likely D Tilt D Tossup 1984

Party conventions

Map of United States showing Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Orlando
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Cleveland
Cleveland
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Orlando
Orlando
Houston
Houston
Sites of the 2016 national party conventions.
Constitution Party
  • April 13–16, 2016: Constitution Party National Convention was held in Salt Lake City, Utah.[159]
Libertarian Party
  • May 26–30, 2016: Libertarian National Convention was held in Orlando, Florida.[160][161]
Republican Party
Democratic Party
  • July 25–28, 2016: Democratic National Convention to be held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[164]
Green Party
  • August 4–7, 2016: Green National Convention to be held in Houston, Texas.[165][166]

Campaign finance

This is an overview of the money used in the campaign as it is reported to Federal Election Commission (FEC) and released in July 2016. Outside groups are independent expenditure only committees - also called PACs and SuperPACs. Several such groups normally support each candidate, but the numbers in the table are a total of all of them. This means that a group of committees can be shown as technically insolvent (shown in red) even though it is not the case of all of them. The Campaign Committee's debt are shown in red if the campaign is technically insolvent. The source of all the numbers is Center for Responsive Politics.[167] Some spending totals are not available, due to withdrawals before the FEC deadline.

Campaign committee (as of June 30) Outside groups (as of July 17) Total spent
Money raised Money spent Cash on hand Debt Money raised Money spent Cash on hand
Hillary Clinton[168] $264,374,319 $220,013,289 $44,361,030 $144,100 $110,211,121 $70,402,825 $39,808,296 $290,416,114
Donald Trump[169] $88,997,986 $68,787,021 $20,210,966 $0 $7,175,680 $5,751,383 $1,424,297 $74,538,404
Gary Johnson[170] $1,363,290 $904,309 $458,981 $0 $0 $0 $0 $904,309
Jill Stein[171] $859,155 $623,947 $235,208 $40,000 $0 $0 $0 $623,947

Debates

Primary election debates

General election debates

Map of United States showing debate locations
Hofstra UniversityHempstead, NY
Hofstra University
Hempstead, NY
Longwood UniversityFarmville, VA
Longwood University
Farmville, VA
Washington UniversitySt. Louis, MO
Washington University
St. Louis, MO
University of NevadaLas Vegas
University of Nevada
Las Vegas
University of Colorado Boulder
University of Colorado Boulder
Sites of the 2016 general election debates

The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD), a non-profit organization controlled by the Republican and Democratic parties, plans to host debates between qualifying presidential and vice-presidential candidates. According to the commission's website, to be eligible to opt to participate in the anticipated debates, "... in addition to being Constitutionally eligible, candidates must appear on a sufficient number of state ballots to have a mathematical chance of winning a majority vote in the Electoral College, and have a level of support of at least 15 percent of the national electorate as determined by five selected national public opinion polling organizations, using the average of those organizations' most recently publicly-reported results at the time of the determination."[172] The three locations chosen to host the presidential debates, and the one location selected to host the vice presidential debate, were announced on September 23, 2015. The site of the first debate was originally designated as Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio; however, due to rising costs and security concerns, the debate was moved to Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.[173] However, as the time nears the party conventions, the campaign of the presumptive Republican nominee, Donald Trump, has not yet committed to participate in the debates, which have become a staple of presidential election cycles for over a half-century.[174][175][176]

Debates among candidates for the 2016 U.S. presidential election
No. Date Time Host City Moderator Participants
P1 September 26, 2016 TBA Hofstra University Hempstead, New York TBA TBD
VP October 4, 2016 TBA Longwood University Farmville, Virginia TBA TBD
P2 October 9, 2016 TBA Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, Missouri TBA TBD
P3 October 19, 2016 TBA University of Nevada, Las Vegas Las Vegas, Nevada TBA TBD
October 25, 2016 4 pm MT University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado TBA TBD
       = Sponsored by the CPD;        = Sponsored by Free & Equal

The Free & Equal Elections Foundation plans to host an open debate among all presidential candidates who have ballot access sufficient to represent a majority of electoral votes.[177] It is to be held at the University of Colorado Boulder's Macky Auditorium on October 25, 2016.[178] As of May 2016, the nominees of the Democratic, Republican, Libertarian, and Green parties qualify for this debate.

Opinion polling

Combination of nationwide opinion polls during 2016
General election polling
Democratic primary polling
Republican primary polling

See also

Footnotes

References

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