GPR112

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Adhesion G protein-coupled receptor G4
Identifiers
Symbols ADGRG4 ; GPR112; PGR17; RP1-299I16
External IDs MGI3643431 HomoloGene72131 IUPHAR: GeneCards: ADGRG4 Gene
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 139378 236798
Ensembl ENSG00000156920 ENSMUSG00000053852
UniProt Q8IZF6 B7ZCC9
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_153834 NM_001033327
RefSeq (protein) NP_722576 n/a
Location (UCSC) Chr X:
136.3 – 136.42 Mb
Chr X:
56.87 – 57 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

G protein-coupled receptor 112 is a protein encoded by the ADGRG4 gene.[1][2] GPR112 is a member of the adhesion GPCR family.[3][4] Adhesion GPCRs are characterized by an extended extracellular region often possessing N-terminal protein modules that is linked to a TM7 region via a domain known as the GPCR-Autoproteolysis INducing (GAIN) domain.[5]

GPR112 is expressed in human enterochromaffin cells[6] and in the mouse intestine.[7] The N-terminal fragment (NTF) of GPR112 contains pentraxin (PTX)-like modules.[7] GPR112 gene expression has been identified as a marker for neuroendocrine carcinoma cells.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: GPR112 G protein-coupled receptor 112". 
  2. ^ Hamann, J; Aust, G; Araç, D; Engel, FB; Formstone, C; Fredriksson, R; Hall, RA; Harty, BL; Kirchhoff, C; Knapp, B; Krishnan, A; Liebscher, I; Lin, HH; Martinelli, DC; Monk, KR; Peeters, MC; Piao, X; Prömel, S; Schöneberg, T; Schwartz, TW; Singer, K; Stacey, M; Ushkaryov, YA; Vallon, M; Wolfrum, U; Wright, MW; Xu, L; Langenhan, T; Schiöth, HB (April 2015). "International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. XCIV. Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors.". Pharmacological reviews 67 (2): 338–67. PMID 25713288. 
  3. ^ Stacey M, Yona S (2011). Adhesion-GPCRs: Structure to Function (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). Berlin: Springer. ISBN 1-4419-7912-3. 
  4. ^ Langenhan, T; Aust, G; Hamann, J (21 May 2013). "Sticky signaling--adhesion class G protein-coupled receptors take the stage.". Science signaling 6 (276): re3. PMID 23695165. 
  5. ^ Araç D, Boucard AA, Bolliger MF, Nguyen J, Soltis SM, Südhof TC, Brunger AT (Mar 2012). "A novel evolutionarily conserved domain of cell-adhesion GPCRs mediates autoproteolysis". The EMBO Journal 31 (6): 1364–78. doi:10.1038/emboj.2012.26. PMC 3321182. PMID 22333914. 
  6. ^ a b Leja J, Essaghir A, Essand M, Wester K, Oberg K, Tötterman TH, Lloyd R, Vasmatzis G, Demoulin JB, Giandomenico V (Feb 2009). "Novel markers for enterochromaffin cells and gastrointestinal neuroendocrine carcinomas". Modern Pathology 22 (2): 261–72. doi:10.1038/modpathol.2008.174. PMID 18953328. 
  7. ^ a b Hamann J, Aust G, Araç D, Engel FB, Formstone C, Fredriksson R, Hall RA, Harty BL, Kirchhoff C, Knapp B, Krishnan A, Liebscher I, Lin HH, Martinelli DC, Monk KR, Peeters MC, Piao X, Prömel S, Schöneberg T, Schwartz TW, Singer K, Stacey M, Ushkaryov YA, Vallon M, Wolfrum U, Wright MW, Xu L, Langenhan T, Schiöth HB (Apr 2015). "International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. XCIV. Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors". Pharmacological Reviews 67 (2): 338–67. doi:10.1124/pr.114.009647. PMID 25713288. 

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