List of state leaders in 2012

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2012.




North America[edit]


South America[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ During the incapacity of Acherif from 26 June until 12 July.
  3. ^ South Sudan only became independent in 2011.
  4. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  5. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  6. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister in 1993–98.
  7. ^ In 2005–10, the three-member Presidency Council was head of state collectively—whilst Talabani held his title throughout as President.
  8. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  9. ^ Kim was referred to as supreme leader in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission on 13 April—having been de facto leader of his state throughout.
  10. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  11. ^ Saleh was President of North Yemen until 1990.
  12. ^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  13. ^ Serbia only became independent in 2006.
  14. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.


External links[edit]

  • Rulers—a list of rulers throughout time and places
  •—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories