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Mamoul biscotti libanesi.jpg
Type Dessert
Region or state Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and throughout the Arab world
Main ingredients Semolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts
Cookbook: Ma'amoul  Media: Ma'amoul
Ma'amoul at Vienna Naschmarkt

Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول[mɑʕmuːl] (About this sound listen), also spelled maamoul, mamul, maamul) is an ancient Arab dessert filled pastry or cookie made with dates, pistachios or nuts such as walnuts (occasionally almonds), figs.[1][2][3] They may be in the shape of balls, domed or flattened cookies.[4] They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.[5]

Maamoul is usually made a few days before Eid, then stored to be served with Arabic coffee and chocolate to the guests who come during the holiday.[1][6] It is popular throughout the Arab world,[7] especially in Levant.[8]

Ma'amoul originate from date-filled kahk, a similar cookie eaten by Egyptians for Eid al-Fitr and Easter.[1] Kahk have been eaten in Egypt since the Eighteenth Dynasty, 3500 years ago, and have been part of the Eid feast since the 10th century AD Tulunid dynasty.[9]


The Arabic word Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول‎) is derived from the Arabic verb Arabic: 'amala‎, meaning to “to do”.[10]


Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are particularly used on religious festivals.


There is a more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish), used on special occasions. In this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are piled in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). These are popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Maamoul: An Ancient Cookie That Ushers In Easter And Eid In The Middle East". Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  2. ^ "Maamoul Is Date Filled Arabian Cookies - Munaty Cooking". Munaty Cooking. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  3. ^ "Maamoul: Middle Eastern pistachio filled pastries". May I Have That Recipe. 8 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Maamoul (ma'-mul) Dates". Retrieved 2017-11-11. 
  5. ^ Rahayel, Anthony (2014-02-02). "Safsouf's Maamoul Madd bi Ashta: Back to Authenticity... :: NoGarlicNoOnions: Restaurant, Food, and Travel Stories/Reviews - Lebanon". NoGarlicNoOnions. Retrieved 2017-11-11. 
  6. ^ "Maamoul: The Sweet Tradition of Eid". The Irresistible Magazine by Al Rifai. 7 September 2016. 
  7. ^ Obayda, Gloria. Sweets And Desserts Of The Middle East. 101 Middle Eastern Delights. 
  8. ^ "At the Immigrant's Table: Jewish ma'amoul pie". At the Immigrant's Table. 3 February 2014. 
  9. ^ Fawzi, Essam (November 11, 2009). "Kahk: Cookies with history". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  10. ^ Team, Almaany. "Definition and meaning of the verb in Arabic language - Arabic dictionary - Page 1".