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Mamoul biscotti libanesi.jpg
Type Dessert
Region or state Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria
Main ingredients Semolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts
Cookbook: Ma'amoul  Media: Ma'amoul
Ma'amoul at Vienna Naschmarkt

Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول‎‎ ma‘mūl [mɑʕmuːl]) are small shortbread pastries filled with dates, pistachios or walnuts (or occasionally almonds, figs, or other fillings). They may be in the shape of balls or of domed or flattened cookies. They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.

They are very popular in Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries, and highly demanded in the Persian Gulf States, where there are packed commercial versions of the pastry.

Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are particularly used on religious festivals.


There is a more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish), used on special occasions. In this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are piled in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). These are popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.

See also[edit]