LAMP1

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LAMP1
Identifiers
AliasesLAMP1, CD107a, LAMPA, LGP120, lysosomal associated membrane protein 1
External IDsMGI: 96745 HomoloGene: 4061 GeneCards: LAMP1
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 13 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 13 (human)[1]
Chromosome 13 (human)
Genomic location for LAMP1
Genomic location for LAMP1
Band13q34Start113,297,241 bp[1]
End113,323,672 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE LAMP1 201553 s at fs.png

PBB GE LAMP1 201551 s at fs.png

PBB GE LAMP1 201552 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_005561

NM_010684
NM_001317353

RefSeq (protein)

NP_005552

NP_001304282
NP_034814

Location (UCSC)Chr 13: 113.3 – 113.32 MbChr 8: 13.16 – 13.18 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP-1) also known as lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 1 and CD107a (Cluster of Differentiation 107a), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LAMP1 gene. The human LAMP1 gene is located on the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 at region 3, band 4 (13q34).

Immunofluorescence staining of HeLa Cells with antibody to reveal lysosomal LAMP1 in red and vimentin containing intermediate filaments in green. Nuclear DNA is seen in blue. Antibodies and image courtesy EnCor Biotechnology Inc.

Lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 is a glycoprotein from a family of Lysosome-associated membrane glycoproteins.[5] The LAMP-1 glycoprotein is a type I transmembrane protein[6] which is expressed at high or medium levels in at least 76 different normal tissue cell types.[7] It resides primarily across lysosomal membranes,[8] and functions to provide selectins with carbohydrate ligands.[5] CD107a has also been shown to be a marker of degranulation on lymphocytes such as CD8+ and NK cells.[9] and may also play a role in tumor cell differentiation and metastasis.

Structure[edit]

Residing primarily across lysosomal membranes, these glycoproteins consist of a large, highly glycosylated end with N-linked carbon chains on the luminal side of the membrane, and a short C-terminal tail[6] exposed to the cytoplasm.[8] The extracytoplasmic region contains a hinge-like structure which can form disulphide bridges homologous to those observed in human immunoglobulin A.[8] Other characteristics of the structure of the LAMP-1 glycoproteins include:

Function[edit]

LAMP1 and LAMP2 glycoproteins comprise 50% of all lysosomal membrane proteins,[6] and are thought to be responsible in part for maintaining lysosomal integrity, pH and catabolism.[6][11] The expression of LAMP1 and LAMP2 glycoproteins are linked, as deficiencies in LAMP1 gene will lead to increased expression of LAMP2 glycoproteins.[11] The two are therefore thought to share similar functions in vivo.[6] However, this makes the determining the precise function of LAMP1 difficult, because while the LAMP1 deficient phenotype is little different than the wild type due to LAMP2 up regulation,[6][11] the LAMP1/LAMP2 double deficient phenotype leads to embryonic lethality.[11]

Although the LAMP1 glycoproteins primarily reside across lysosomal membranes, in certain cases they can be expressed across the plasma membrane of the cell.[11] Expression of LAMP1 at the cell surface can occur due to lysosomal fusion with the cell membrane.[12] Cell surface expression of LAMP1 can serve as a ligand for selectins[13][14] and help mediate cell-cell adhesion.[15] Accordingly, cell surface expression of LAMP1 is seen in cells with migratory or invasive functions, such as cytotoxic T cells, platelets and macrophages.[16] Cell surface expression of LAMP1 and LAMP2 is also often seen in cancer cells,[16][17] particularly cancers with high metastatic potential, such as colon carcinoma and melanoma,[16] and has been shown to correlate with their metastatic potential.[11]

Role in cancer[edit]

LAMP1 expression on the surface of tumor cells has been observed for a number of different cancer types, particularly in highly metastatic cancers such as pancreatic cancer,[18][19] colon cancer[16][17] and melanoma.[16][17] The structure of LAMP1 correlates with differentiation[8][20] and metastatic potential[11] of tumor cells as it is thought to help mediate cell-cell adhesion [17] and migration.[15][18] Indeed, the adhesion of some cancer cells to the extracellular matrix is mediated by interactions between LAMP1 and LAMP2 and E-selectin and galectins, with the LAMPs serving as ligands for the cell-adhesion molecules.[17]

Cell membrane expression of LAMP-1 observed in the following cancer types:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000185896 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000031447 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ a b "LAMP1 lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1". Entrez Gene.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Eskelinen EL (2006). "Roles of LAMP-1 and LAMP-2 in lysosome biogenesis and autophagy". Molecular Aspects of Medicine. 27 (5–6): 495–502. doi:10.1016/j.mam.2006.08.005. PMID 16973206.
  7. ^ "LAMP1". The Human Protein Atlas.
  8. ^ a b c d e Carlsson SR, Fukuda M (Dec 1989). "Structure of human lysosomal membrane glycoprotein 1. Assignment of disulfide bonds and visualization of its domain arrangement". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 264 (34): 20526–31. PMID 2584229.
  9. ^ "LAMP1 - lysosomal-associated membrane protein1". Wikigenes.
  10. ^ a b c Carlsson SR, Roth J, Piller F, Fukuda M (Dec 1988). "Isolation and characterization of human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2. Major sialoglycoproteins carrying polylactosaminoglycan". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 263 (35): 18911–9. PMID 3143719.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Andrejewski N, Punnonen EL, Guhde G, Tanaka Y, Lüllmann-Rauch R, Hartmann D, von Figura K, Saftig P (Apr 1999). "Normal lysosomal morphology and function in LAMP-1-deficient mice". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274 (18): 12692–701. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.18.12692. PMID 10212251.
  12. ^ Kima, P. E.; Burleigh, B.; Andrews, N. W. (Dec 2000). "Surface-targeted lysosomal membrane glycoprotein-1 (Lamp-1) enhances lysosome exocytosis and cell invasion by Trypanosoma cruzi". Cellular Microbiology. 2 (6): 477–486. doi:10.1046/j.1462-5822.2000.00071.x. ISSN 1462-5814. PMID 11207602.
  13. ^ Laferte S, Dennis JW (Apr 1989). "Purification of two glycoproteins expressing beta 1-6 branched Asn-linked oligosaccharides from metastatic tumour cells". The Biochemical Journal. 259 (2): 569–576. doi:10.1042/bj2590569. PMC 1138546. PMID 2719668.
  14. ^ Sawada R, Jardine KA, Fukuda M (Apr 1993). "The genes of major lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, lamp-1 and lamp-2. 5'-flanking sequence of lamp-2 gene and comparison of exon organization in two genes". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 268 (12): 9014–9022. PMID 8517882.
  15. ^ a b Acevedo-Schermerhorn C, Gray-Bablin J, Gama R, McCormick PJ (Nov 1997). "t-complex-associated embryonic surface antigen homologous to mLAMP-1. II. Expression and distribution analyses". Experimental Cell Research. 236 (2): 510–518. doi:10.1006/excr.1997.3752. PMID 9367636.
  16. ^ a b c d e Agarwal, Akhil Kumar; Srinivasan, Nithya; Godbole, Rashmi; More, Shyam K.; Budnar, Srikanth; Gude, Rajiv P.; Kalraiya, Rajiv D. (2015-01-23). "Role of tumor cell surface lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP1) and its associated carbohydrates in lung metastasis". Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. 141: 1–12. doi:10.1007/s00432-015-1917-2. ISSN 0171-5216.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Sarafian V, Jadot M, Foidart JM, Letesson JJ, Van den Brûle F, Castronovo V, Wattiaux R, Coninck SW (Jan 1998). "Expression of Lamp-1 and Lamp-2 and their interactions with galectin-3 in human tumor cells". International Journal of Cancer. 75 (1): 105–111. doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19980105)75:1<105::aid-ijc16>3.0.co;2-f. PMID 9426697.
  18. ^ a b c Jensen SS, Aaberg-Jessen C, Christensen KG, Kristensen B (2013). "Expression of the lysosomal-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1) in astrocytomas". International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology. 6 (7): 1294–1305. PMC 3693194. PMID 23826410.
  19. ^ a b Künzli BM, Berberat PO, Zhu ZW, Martignoni M, Kleeff J, Tempia-Caliera AA, Fukuda M, Zimmermann A, Friess H, Büchler MW (Jan 2002). "Influences of the lysosomal associated membrane proteins (Lamp-1, Lamp-2) and Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2-BP) on the prognosis of pancreatic carcinoma". Cancer. 94 (1): 228–239. doi:10.1002/cncr.10162. PMID 11815981.
  20. ^ Lee N, Wang WC, Fukuda M (Nov 1990). "Granulocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells is associated with increase of poly-N-acetyllactosamine in Asn-linked oligosaccharides attached to human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 265 (33): 20476–87. PMID 2243101.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.