Shanghai Metro

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Shanghai Metro
Shanghai Metro Full Logo.svg
Overview
Owner Shanghai Municipal Government
Locale Shanghai and Kunshan, Jiangsu
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 16[note 1]
Number of stations 393[note 2]
Daily ridership 9.69 million (2017 avg.)[1]
12.231 million (record)[2]
Annual ridership 3.536 billion (2017)[1]
Website www.shmetro.com
Operation
Began operation May 28, 1993 (1993-05-28)
Operator(s) Shanghai Shentong Metro Group
Number of vehicles +5,000 revenue railcars[3]
Technical
System length 644 km (400.2 mi)[4]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification

DC 1500 V overhead line;

DC 1500 V third-rail (Line 16)(Line 17)(Pujiang line)
System map

Shanghai Metro Linemap.svg

Shanghai Metro
Simplified Chinese 上海轨道交通
Traditional Chinese 上海軌道交通
Literal meaning Shanghai Rail Transit
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese 上海地铁
Traditional Chinese 上海地鐵
Literal meaning Shanghai Subway

The Shanghai Metro (Chinese: 上海地铁) is a rapid transit rail network in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban rail transit services to 13 of its 16 municipal districts[note 3] and to Huaqiao Town, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. The Shanghai Metro system is the world's largest rapid transit system by route length. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986 (Shanghai Metro) is the third-oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth, significantly during the years leading up to the 2010 Shanghai World Expo, and is still expanding quickly, with its most recent expansions having opened in March 2018. It is the largest component of the Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai Maglev Train, the Zhangjiang Tram and the China Railway-operated commuter rail services to Jinshan. The metro system is also integrated with other forms of public transport in Shanghai.

The Shanghai Metro system is the world's largest rapid transit system by route length[5][6][7][8][9] totaling 644 kilometres (400 mi).[4] It is the second largest by number of stations with 393 stations on 16 lines.[note 1][note 2] It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.53 billion rides delivered in 2017.[1] The daily ridership record was set at 12.355 million on March 23, 2018.[2] Over 10 million people use the system on an average workday.[10]

On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service and the second intercity metro after the Guangfo Metro. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro systems of Suzhou are under active review,[11] with the first line connecting Shanghai Metro Line 11 and Suzhou Metro Line 3 projected to be completed in 2023.[12] Ambitious expansion plans call for 25 lines with over 1,000 km (620 mi) of length by 2025.[13] By then, every location in the central area of Shanghai will be within 600 m (2,000 ft) of a subway station.[14]

History[edit]

Evolution of the Shanghai Metro

Lines[edit]

There are currently 16 lines in operation, with Lines and services are denoted numerically as well as by characteristic colors, which are used as a visual aid for better distinction on station signage and on the exterior of trains, in the form of a colored block or belt.

Most tracks in the Shanghai Metro system are served by a single service; thus "Line X" usually refers both to the physical line and its service. The only exception is the segment shared by Lines 3 and 4, between Hongqiao Road station and Baoshan Road station, where both services use the same tracks and platforms.

System map of the Shanghai Metro as of March 31, 2018, after Pujiang Line enters operation, including the Shanghai Maglev Train
Line Termini
(Location)
Service patterns Opened Newest
extension
Length
km
Stations Operator
01 1  Fujin Road
(Baoshan)
Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
Fujin RoadXinzhuang
Partial: Shanghai Railway StationXinzhuang[49]
1993[15][16] 2007[27] 36.4 28
Shanghai Metro logo.svg

Shanghai Metro Operation Companies (No. 1–4)
02 2  East Xujing
(Qingpu)
Pudong International Airport
(Pudong)
Rush Hour: East XujingTangzhen[50]

Mainline: East XujingGuanglan Road
Partial: Songhong RoadGuanglan Road
Suburban segment: Guanglan RoadPudong International Airport[51]

1999 2010 63.8 30
03 3  North Jiangyang Road
(Baoshan)
Shanghai South Railway Station
(Xuhui)
North Jiangyang RoadShanghai South Railway Station
Partial: South Changjiang RoadShanghai South Railway Station[52]
2000 2006 40.3 29
04 4 
Loop line
Yishan Road
(Xuhui)
Yishan Road
(Xuhui)
Loop line; certain trains terminate at Yishan Road.[53] 2005 2007 33.7 26
05 5  Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
Minhang Development Zone
(Minhang)
XinzhuangMinhang Development Zone[54] 2003 17.2 11
06 6  Gangcheng Road
(Pudong)
Oriental Sports Center
(Pudong)
Gangcheng RoadOriental Sports Center
Partial: Jufeng RoadGaoqing Road[55]
2007 2011 32.3 28
07 7  Meilan Lake
(Baoshan)
Huamu Road
(Pudong)
Meilan LakeHuamu Road
Rush Hour: Meilan LakeMiddle Longhua Road
Shangda RoadMiddle Longhua Road
Partial: Qihua RoadHuamu Road[56]
2009 2014 44.2 33
08 8  Shiguang Road
(Yangpu)
Shendu Highway
(Minhang)
Shiguang RoadShendu Highway

Partial: Middle Yanji RoadOriental Sports Center[57]

2007 2012 37.4 30
09 9  Songjiang South Railway Station station
(Songjiang)
Caolu (Pudong) Songjiang South Railway Station stationCaolu
Partial: SheshanMiddle Yanggao Road
2010 2017 77.6 35
10 10  Xinjiangwancheng
(Yangpu)
Hongqiao Railway Station (Minhang) XinjiangwanchengHongqiao Railway Station
XinjiangwanchengHangzhong Road[58]
2010 2010 35.4 31
Hangzhong Road (Minhang)
11 11  North Jiading (Jiading) Disney Resort
(Pudong)
HuaqiaoDisney Resort
North JiadingDisney Resort[59]
Rush Hour: NanxiangSanlin
2009 2016 82.4 38
Huaqiao (Kunshan, Jiangsu)
12 12  Qixin Road
(Minhang)
Jinhai Road
(Pudong)
Qixin RoadJinhai Road
Partial: Hongmei RoadJufeng Road[60]
2013 2015 40.4 32
13 13  Shibo Avenue
(Pudong)
Jinyun Road
(Jiading)
Shibo AvenueJinyun Road[61] 2012 2015 22.0 19
16 16  Longyang Road
(Pudong)
Dishui Lake
(Pudong)
Longyang RoadDishui Lake, stopping all stations.

Longyang RoadDishui Lake, an express route stopping at Longyang Road, Luoshan Road, Xinchang, Huinan and Dishui Lake.[62]

2013 2014 59 13
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg

Shanghai Maglev Development Company
17 17  Hongqiao Railway Station
(Minhang)
Oriental Land
(Qingpu)
Hongqiao Railway StationOriental Land
Partial: Hongqiao Railway StationDianshanhu Avenue
2017 35.3 13
Shanghai Metro logo.svg

Shanghai Metro Operation No. 2 Company
 Pujiang  Shendu Highway
(Minhang)
Huizhen Road
(Minhang)
Shendu HighwayHuizhen Road 2018 6.7 6
Shanghai Keolis.svg

Shanghai Keolis
Total 673
[63][note 1]
393
[note 2]

Services[edit]

Partial service patterns[edit]

Partial service patterns exist on Lines 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12 and 17.[49][51][52][55][56][57][64][59][60] Partial services serve only a (usually busier) sub-segment of the entire physical line. In addition, Line 2 has a piecewise service pattern whereby the suburban segment between Guanglan Road station and Pudong International Airport station is served by a 4-car fleet separately. Passengers traveling across Guanglan Road on Line 2 must change trains across the platform at Guanglan Road. During peak hours, 8-car fleet may terminate at Tangzhen, one station east of Guanglan Road, and the passengers can transfer in Tangzhen, so that Guanglan Road may not have very heavy pressure in peak hours.

Line 11, one of the two branch lines of the metro system, operates a different partial service pattern. Trains travelling to and from the branch line terminate at Huaqiao Station and Sanlin respectively. Hence, a passenger who wants to travel from the terminus of the branch to the eastern terminus of the line, at Disney Resort must change trains.[59]

Line 17, which opened in December 2017, operates a partial service pattern from Hongqiao Railway Station to Dianshanhu Avenue during rush hours in addition to the full service to Oriental Land.[65]

Line 16[edit]

Line 16, unlike the rest of the system, is built with passing loops and operates a rush-hour express services. The service was postponed in January 30, 2014, due to lack of available trains, but resumed on March 21, 2016.[66][67][68]

Announcements[edit]

All trains in the Shanghai Metro display destinations in Simplified Chinese and English, and make announcements in Standard Mandarin, English, and (on line 16 only) Shanghainese in order to indicate next stations, directions, and partial/full-length service patterns.[69]

Operating hours[edit]

The operating hours for most Shanghai metro stations starts between 5:00 to 6:00 in the morning and ends between 22:30 to 23:00 CST. In February 2017 (Shanghai Metro) announced that by April 1, 2017, the operating hours of Line 1, 2, and 7 to 10 will be extended by an hour after the regular last train on each Friday, Saturday and last working days before Chinese Public Holidays. This will be extended to Lines 3, 4, 6, and 11 to 13 by July 1, 2017. By the end of 2018, all the stations in the city center will extend their operating hours after midnight. Also, there will be two trains taking passengers from Hongqiao Railway Station after normal operation time and only stop at several stations, which always happens on the last day of a vacation, e.g. Labor Day, National Day, etc.[70]

Stations[edit]

Transfer stations[edit]

There are two types of transfer stations: physical transfer stations and transit-card only ones. In a physical transfer station, passengers can transfer between subway lines without exiting a fare zone. In a transit-card only transfer station, however, passengers have to exit and re-enter fare zones as they transfer from one subway line to another. In order to receive a discounted fare, passengers must use a Shanghai public transport card (SPTC) instead of Single-Ride tickets.

Transit-card only transfer stations[edit]

A transit-card only transfer station is a station where two lines meet, but unlike a physical interchange, there is no direct pathway between them within the paid fare area. Passengers wishing to interchange must exit the paid fare area for the first line, walk a short distance on the street, and re-enter the paid fare area for the second line. Since June 1, 2008, passengers interchanging using a Shanghai public transport card have their trip regarded as one journey and the distance will be accumulated for fare calculation. Passengers must exit a station and re-enter another within 30 minutes using the same Shanghai public transport card. Those using single-ride tickets cannot use virtual transfers and must purchase a new ticket.

In some cases virtual interchanges in place during a period of construction were superseded by physical interchanges at the completion of the construction. For example, Hongkou Football Stadium station was previously a virtual interchange between Line 3 and Line 8. Another previously virtual interchange was South Shaanxi Road station between Line 1 and Line 10; after the opening of an extension of line 12 to the station in December 2015 transfers among all three lines became a physical interchange.

The current virtual interchanges are:

Transport hubs[edit]

The busiest station in Shanghai Metro system is People's Square station (Lines 1, 2 and 8). As the interchange station for three lines, it is extremely crowded during peak hours. It remains busy during the rest of the day as it is located near major shopping and tourist destinations such as East Nanjing Road, a pedestrian street, as well as the Shanghai Museum, People's Park, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and Yan'an Park on People's Square. It has the second largest number of exits (totalling 17) in the stations of the metro system.

Xujiahui (Lines 1, 9 and 11) is located in the major Xujiahui commercial center of Shanghai. Six large shopping malls and eight large office towers are each within a three-minute walk of one of the station's exits, numbering a total of 18 since the addition of the four in the Line 9 part of the station that opened in December 2009. This is the largest number of exits of all the stations on the system. This station is also widely used as a pedestrian tunnel across the wide roads.

Lujiazui (Line 2) is the major station in Pudong area. It is situated in the heart of Lujiazui financial district, the financial center of Shanghai. The city's iconic landmarks, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre are all within walking distance of the station. In contrast to Xujiahui and People's Square, Lujiazui is not particularly busy during off-peak hours or on weekends as it is located in financial district of Shanghai. Line 14, expected to open in 2020, will pass Lujiazui and provide transfer as well.

Shanghai Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 4) is a major transportation hub in Shanghai, containing the railway station, two subway lines and the stop for many city bus lines as well as interprovincial buses. These bus lines will soon be housed in a brand-new bus station. The line 1 platform is in the South square while platforms for line 3/4 are in the North square. These two platforms are technically separate stations, so interchange is only possible between lines 3/4. A transfer to the line 1 platform requires a SPTC or a new ticket.

Shanghai South Railway Station station (Lines 1 and 3) is a transport station for line 1 and line 3; and the maintenance base of line 1 is also located at Shanghai South Railway Station.

Zhongshan Park station (Lines 2, 3 and 4) is a heavily trafficked station due to the large shopping malls and hotel immediately above it.

Century Avenue station (Lines 2, 4, 6 and 9) is the largest interchange station in the Shanghai Metro system.

Pudong International Airport (Line 2) is the eastern terminus of Line 2. It serves the airport of the same name in Shanghai. The station also provides a transfer with the Shanghai maglev train to Longyang Road.

Hongqiao Railway Station (Line 2, 10 and 17 ), Hongqiao Airport Terminal 1 and Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 are metro stations located in the Hongqiao Comprehensive Transportation Hub (zh), composed of the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Both Hongqiao Airport stations are directly linked with the airport, offering many domestic and limited international flights, and the Hongqiao Railway metro station is directly linked with the train station. The airport and railway stations themselves offer a zero-distance transfer.


Ticket system[edit]

Jiaotong University station
Dabaishu station

Like many other metro systems in the world (Shanghai Metro) uses a distance-based fare system.The system uses a "one-ticket network", which means that interchanging is possible between all interchange stations, given that the transfer staying within the Shanghai Metro system, without the purchase of another ticket where available. The Shanghai Public Transport Card, which allows access to most public transport in Shanghai under one card, is another form of payment.

Fares[edit]

  • For most lines, the base fare is 3 yuan for journeys under 6 km, then 1 yuan for each additional 10 km. As of December 2017, the highest fare is 15 yuan (from Oriental Land to Dishui Lake).

Normal Discounts[edit]

  • For journeys exclusively on Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone), the fare is 2 yuan for journeys under 6 km and all other journeys are 3 yuan (though the total length of this line is a bit longer than 16 km). Will not applied once passengers interchange to other lines, e.g. Fare for passengers from Xinzhuang to Chunshen Road is 2 Yuan, while fare for passengers from Waihuanlu to Chunshen Road is 3 Yuan.
  • For journeys exclusively from Xinzhuang Station to People's Square Station, the fare is 4 yuan, though the distance between People's Square Station and Xinzhuang Station is about 17.8 km.

Discounts for SPTC holders[edit]

  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card get a 10% discount for the rest of the calendar month after paying 70 yuan in taking metro, e.g. a passenger has paid 67 Yuan on metro tickets through SPTC this calender month, and next time he will only pay 2.7 yuan for his next 3-yuan ticket in this calendar month. The discount is applied only for journeys after the payment; it is not retroactively applied to previous journeys.
  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card as part of the "Air-conditioned Bus Transfer Discount" get a 1 yuan discount when transferring to the metro within 90 minutes. (The 10% monthly discount may be applied after the transfer discount) This discount also applies for bus to Metro and bus to bus transfers and can accumulate over multiple transfers. For example, to get from Zhenbei Rd/Meichuan Rd to Xiuyan Rd/Hunan Rd would normally cost 8 yuan each way (947 bus to line 4 to 451 bus) but only costs 6 RMB with the card (947 bus discounted transfer to line 4, discounted transfer to 451 bus). Depending on the time spent at the destination the discount will be applied at the start of the return trip as well, making the cost of a round-trip 11 yuan instead of the 16 yuan that would normally be charged without the card.

Single Journey ticket[edit]

Single-Journey tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines, and at some stations, at a ticket window. Single-ride tickets are embedded with RFID contactless chips. When entering the system riders tap the ticket against a scanner above the turnstile, and on exit they insert the ticket into a slot where it is stored and recycled.

Shanghai Public Transportation Card[edit]

In addition to a Single-Ride ticket, the fare can be paid using a Shanghai public transport card, which is similar to the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR. This RFID-embedded card can be purchased at selected banks, convenience stores and metro stations with a 20-yuan deposit. This card can be loaded at ticket booths, Service Centers at the metro stations as well as many small convenience stores and banks throughout the city. The Shanghai Public Transportation Card can also be used to pay for other forms of transportation, such as taxi or bus.

One-day pass[edit]

A one-day pass was introduced for the Expo 2010 held in Shanghai. The fare for the calendar day was set at 18 yuan, for unlimited travel within the metro system. This is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.[71]

Three-day pass[edit]

A three-day pass is available for Shanghai Metro. The fare for three days was set at 45 yuan, for unlimited travel within the metro system. This pass is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.

Infrastructure[edit]

Inside a Line 2 train.

Gauge[edit]

Standard gauge is used throughout the network, allowing new train equipment to be transported over the Chinese rail network which uses the same gauge.

Stations[edit]

Almost all stations, except most of the elevated sections and sections of Line 2 from Songhong Road to Longyang Road, have platform screen doors with sliding acrylic glass at the platform edge. The train stops with its doors lined-up with the sliding doors on the platform edge and open when the train doors open, and are closed at other times. These screens are also being retrofitted on existing lines, starting with Line 1 whose core stations had doors by the end of 2006. On part of Line 2 and most of the elevated sections, the platform has sliding safety doors that reach only halfway up from the ground called Automatic platform gates.

Rolling stock[edit]

Train sets used by the Metro system:

  • 134 Bombardier Movia 456 six car sets (09A01, 09A02, 07A01 and 12A01) – Lines 9, 7 and 12
  • 53 German Shanghai Metro Group (GSMG) six cars units (Coded as AC01 for Line 1, AC02 for Line 2 for those using Alternating Current since they were made or DC01 for those formerly using Direct Current (for Line 1) – Line 1 and 2 (all reformed to eight car units)
  • 53 Alstom Metropolis eight car sets (Coded as 01A05) – Line 1, (Coded as 02A02) – Line 2
  • 16 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (02A04) – Section of Line 2
  • 17 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (05C01) – Line 5
  • 21 Alstom Metropolis four car sets (06C01) – Line 6
  • 28 Alstom Metropolis six car or seven car sets (08C01) – Line 8
  • 29 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. four car sets (AC14) – Line 6
  • 38 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. seven car sets (AC15) – Line 8
  • 28 Alstom Metropolis six car sets (03A01) – Line 3
  • 94 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou six car sets (AC05, AC16) – Line 4 and 11
  • 41 Shanghai Electric-Alstom/Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. six car sets – Line 10
  • 33 Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works six car sets – Line 13
  • 46 Siemens & CSR Zhuzhou three car sets – Two sets are coupled to form a six car train – Line 16
  • 26 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (03A02 and 04A02) – Lines 3 and 4
  • CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (09A03) – Line 9
  • 16 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. six car sets (11A02, 11A03) – Line 11
  • APM 300 four car sets – Pujiang line

Most lines currently use 6 car sets, with the exceptions being:

  • Lines 5, 6, and a section of Line 2 which use 4 car sets.
  • Some trains on Line 8 use 7 car sets.
  • Line 1 and Line 2 use 8 car sets.

Signalling[edit]

Shanghai Metro lines 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 are equipped with CBTC systems capable of headways as low as 90 seconds.[72]

Power supply[edit]

In contrast to many other metro systems in the world, the Shanghai Metro uses overhead wires for the power supply, except for Line 16, Line 17 and Pujiang Line which uses third rail.

On Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems equipped the line with an overhead contact line (cantilever material: galvanized steel) and 7 DC traction power supply substations.[73]

Passenger information systems[edit]

Plasma screens on the platforms show passengers when the next two trains are coming, along with advertisements and public service announcements. The subway cars contain LCD screens showing advertisements and on some lines, the next stop, while above-ground trains have LED screens showing the next stop. The LED screens are being phased in on Line 1 and are also included in lines 7 and 9, two underground lines. There are recorded messages stating the next stop in Mandarin, English, and (on line 16 only) Shanghainese,[69][74] but the messages stating nearby attractions or shops for a given station (a form of paid advertising) are in Mandarin only. The metro operating company is resistant to expanding use of Shanghainese for announcing stops, on the basis that, on most lines, the majority of passengers can understand either Mandarin or English.[75]

Station signs are in Chinese and English. The Metro authority is testing a new systematic numbering system for stations on Line 10.[76]

Future expansion[edit]

The Shanghai Metro system is one of the fastest-growing metro systems in the world. As of 2018, Shanghai has more than 200 km (124 mi) of subway under construction.[77][78] By the end of 2020, the network will comprise 19 lines (Lines 1–18 and Pujiang Line) spanning 804 kilometres (500 mi).[79] In addition, there are long-term plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the Suzhou Rail Transit in neighbouring Jiangsu province.[11]

Planned opening date Route Name Terminals Length (km) Stations Status Notes
2018
  Line 5
South extension Dongchuan Road Fengxiang Xincheng 17 8 Under construction [79]
2nd phase Xinjiangwancheng Jilong Road 10 6 Under construction [79]
2nd and 3rd phase Shibo Avenue Zhangjiang Road 25.5 12 Under construction [79]
2020 Fengbang Jinsui Road 38.5 31 Under construction [79]
Jinqiu Road Zizhu Science-Based Industry Park 42.3 30 Under construction [79]
1st phase South Changjiang Road Hangtou 36.8 26 Under construction [79]
2025 and beyond
  Line 1
Western extension Xinzhuang Humin Road 1 1 Planned [80]

[81]

  Line 2
3rd phase western extension East Xujing Panlong Road 2 1 Planned
  Line 5
Southern extension Reserved Fengxian Xincheng Pingzhuang Highway 3.5 1 Planned
  Line 9
Extension 3rd phase western section Caolu Caolu Railway Station 3 1 Planned
Western extension Jinyun Road East Xujing 10 5 Planned
Tieshan Road Jinghong Road 40 30+ Planned
1st phase Qilianshan Road Gongqing Forest Park 20 10+ Planned
1st phase Dongjing Road Chuansha Road 28 10+ Planned
1st phase Xujiahui Minhang Development Zone 29 20+ Planned
Jiamin line Xinzhuang Jiading Xincheng 42 10+ Planned
Chongming line Rongqiao Road Chongming Island 47 8 Planned
Western extension Qixin Road Jiuting N/A 4 Further Planning
2nd phase Gongqing Forest Park Zhouhai Road N/A N/A Further Planning
2nd phase Dongjing Road Linggao N/A N/A Further Planning
Western extension Dongjing Road West Changjiang Road N/A N/A Further Planning
Changbei Road Gaoqing Road 42 30 Further Planning
2nd phase Minhang Development Zone Chedun N/A N/A Further Planning
Songfa Road Chenhang Road 37 24 Further Planning
Xujiahui Jiwang N/A N/A Further Planning

Incidents[edit]

  • December 22, 2009—at about 5:50 am, an electrical fault in the tunnel between South Shaanxi Road station and People's Square station caused a few trains to stall. While the track was under repair, a low-speed collision occurred between two trains on Line 1, trapping scores of passengers underground for up to two hours and affecting millions of early commuters. Nobody was injured, but the front of the train was badly damaged. Service resumed at around 12:15 pm.[82][83]
  • July 5, 2010—at the Zhongshan Park station a woman died after trying to crowd into a subway train as the doors were closing. With her wrist trapped in the train doors, she was dragged between the train and the platform screen doors when the train started moving.[84]
  • September 27, 2011—at 2:51 pm, two trains on Line 10 collided between Yuyuan Garden station and Laoximen station, injuring 284 – 300 people. Initial investigations found that train operators violated regulations while operating the trains manually after a loss of power on the line caused its signal system to fail. No deaths were reported.[85]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  2. ^ a b c 393 is the number of stations if interchanges on different lines are counted separately, with the exception of the 9 stations shared by Lines 3 and 4 on the same track. The stations on the Maglev line and Jinshan railway are not included.
  3. ^ As of June 2018, only Fengxian, Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2017年上海交通有啥变化?刚刚发布的《上海市综合交通运行年报》告诉你! (in Chinese). Shanghai Observer News. 2018-03-29. Retrieved 2018-04-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Metro breaks records" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2018-03-10. Retrieved 2018-03-10. 
  3. ^ "上海地铁迎第5000辆列车 2020年或突破7000辆" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2018-07-20. Retrieved 2018-07-21. 
  4. ^ a b c Shanghai Metro (2018-03-27). 浦江线 3月31日起通车试运营. Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  5. ^ "Which city has the longest metro system?". Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  6. ^ "Statistics Brief World Metro Figures" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). October 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  7. ^ "Shanghai now the world's longest metro". Railway Gazette. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Chinese metro boom shows no sign of abating". International Rail Journal. November 19, 2014. Retrieved 23 Nov 2014. 
  9. ^ BBC News (4 January 2014). "LONGEST UNDERGROUND NETWORK IN THE WORLD - SHANGHAI SUBWAY". Retrieved 13 September 2017 – via YouTube. 
  10. ^ 上海地铁工作日客流超千万成为新常态. 凤凰. 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  11. ^ a b 无锡苏州也将轨交通沪? 目前有规划但尚无时间表. Eastday (in Chinese). 18 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  12. ^ 上海11号线、17号线有望接轨苏州S1线、4号线. sh.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  13. ^ 上海未来10年9条轨交新线公示 全线站点解密 ——凤凰房产上海. sh.house.ifeng.com. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  14. ^ 天天快报. kuaibao.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-08-26. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i 20年迈向世界:珍贵老照片展示上海地铁发展. Eastday (in Chinese). 27 May 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c 上海市地方志办公室 上海通网站 上海市地情资料库 上海市的百科全书 shtong.gov.cn. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  17. ^ 上海市地方志办公室 上海通网站 上海市地情资料库 上海市的百科全书. shtong.gov.cn. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
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