Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily A member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRA2gene.
Leukocyte Ig-like receptors (LIRs) are a family of immunoreceptors expressed predominantly on monocytes and B cells and at lower levels on dendritic cells and natural killer (NK) cells. All LIRs in subfamily B have an inhibitory function (see, e.g., LILRB1, MIM 604811). LIRs in subfamily A, with short cytoplasmic domains lacking an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and with transmembrane regions containing a charged arginine residue, may initiate stimulatory cascades. One member of subfamily A (LILRA3; MIM 604818) lacks a transmembrane region and is presumed to be a soluble receptor.[supplied by OMIM]
^Samaridis J, Colonna M (Apr 1997). "Cloning of novel immunoglobulin superfamily receptors expressed on human myeloid and lymphoid cells: structural evidence for new stimulatory and inhibitory pathways". Eur J Immunol27 (3): 660–5. doi:10.1002/eji.1830270313. PMID9079806.
^Borges L, Hsu ML, Fanger N, Kubin M, Cosman D (Apr 1998). "A family of human lymphoid and myeloid Ig-like receptors, some of which bind to MHC class I molecules". J Immunol159 (11): 5192–6. PMID9548455.
Rojo S, Burshtyn DN, Long EO, Wagtmann N (1997). "Type I transmembrane receptor with inhibitory function in mouse mast cells and NK cells.". J. Immunol.158 (1): 9–12. PMID8977169.
Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K et al. (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library.". Gene200 (1-2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID9373149.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)
Sloane DE, Tedla N, Awoniyi M et al. (2004). "Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors: novel innate receptors for human basophil activation and inhibition.". Blood104 (9): 2832–9. doi:10.1182/blood-2004-01-0268. PMID15242876.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)