List of communist parties

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There are a number of "communist parties" active in various countries across the world, and a number that used to be active. The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the formation of the communist Third International by the Russian Bolsheviks and their leader Hubert Pach (Хуберт Пач) and Mikhail Barnas (Мичаел Барнас). Undoubtedly the most important of these parties were those of the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China: the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China (the largest political party in the world), respectively, and interestingly enough, Russia's modern Communist Party is still very strong, though no longer solely ruling.

Some communist parties have names such as Workers' Party, Socialist Party, Progressive Party, etc. Most, but not all, of the parties on this list are those that were aligned with either Moscow, Beijing or Tirana during the Cold War and their offshoots. Groups currently and exclusively participating in the Trotskyist or the Left communist tradition are not included in the listing, see List of Trotskyist organisations by country and List of Left communist organisations by country.

Groups currently participating in non-Marxist movements related to communism, such as Anarcho-communism and Juche,[1] are not included in the listing. Instead they are in the former section, as they were historically communist in founding.

Officially ruling parties in communist countries[edit]

In the following countries, the communist parties either lead the ruling coalition or hold monopoly on state power, as defined by their respective country's constitutions and origins.

NOTE: *  North Korea - Worker's Party of Korea is in the former category even though communist in origin, as it officially upholds a variation called "juche".

Communist parties as ruling parties or part of ruling coalition in multi-party states[edit]

Formerly ruling[edit]

Modern (non-ruling)[edit]


National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), abandoned Maoism for social democracy and then nationalism and social conservatism


Once ruling[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Workers' Party of Korea leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland and is by some scholars and leftists not considered as communist party (like: Shin, Gi-wook (2006). Ethnic Nationalism in Korea: Genealogy, Politics, and Legacy. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804754088. ). Even if it is not a common point view WPK and North Korea started recently to consider themselves as jucheist exclusively. The party participates in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties though. (source: List of participants of 15th International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties 2013); for more details see Juche.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (Brazil)". 
  4. ^ "Labour Party of Colombia". 
  5. ^ "Communist Party of the Dominican Republic". 
  6. ^ "Dominican Workers' Party (Marxist–Leninist)". 
  7. ^ "New Communist Party of Haiti (Marxist–Leninist)". 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Iraqi Revolutionary Marxist–Leninists Regroupment". 
  10. ^ "Israeli Communist Forum". 
  11. ^ "Japan Labor Party". 
  12. ^ "Workers' Communist Party In Japan". 
  13. ^ "Filipino Workers Party". 
  14. ^ "Polish Party of the Working Class - Initiative Group". 
  15. ^ "Regional Party of Communists". 
  16. ^ "Communist Party of Spain (Maoist)". 
  17. ^ Reconstrucción Comunista blog Archived March 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "Inicio - Iniciativa Comunista". Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Kimetz". Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  20. ^ "Andalucía Comunista". Andalucía Comunista. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  21. ^ "Red Roja". Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  22. ^ POSI
  23. ^ ca:Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
  24. ^ "All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks - Ukraine". 
  25. ^ "Communist Party Alliance". 
  26. ^ "Bolshevik Platform of the KPSS". 

External links[edit]