|Native to||Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines|
|Region||coastal areas of the Sulu Sea, Sabah, Sulawesi, and the Maluku Islands|
(may be ethnic population)
bdl – Sulawesi
bdr – Sabah West Coast
sjm – Mapun
Bajaw is the language of the Bajaw 'Sea Gypsies' of Maritime Southeast Asia. Differences exist between the language's varieties in western Sabah, Cagayan in the southern Philippines (= Mapun Bajaw/Sama), eastern Sabah, and Sulawesi/Maluku, but it is not clear how many languages these would be based on mutual intelligibility.
- scattered along the west coast from Kuala Penyu district to Kudat district, mainly in Tuaran and Kota Belud towns
- Telutu’ village, Banggi Island, Kudat district
- Pitas district: along the west coast and Mengkubau Laut, Mengkapon, Dalima’, Mapan-Mapan, Pantai Laut, Layag-Layag, Mausar, Jambangan, Sibayan Laut, and Kanibungan villages
Indonesian Bajau is widely distributed throughout Sulawesi and Nusa Tenggara. It is also located throughout Maluku Utara Province in the Bacan Islands, Obi Islands, Kayoa, and Sula Islands, which are located to the southwest of Halmahera Island (Ethnologue).
Ethnologue lists the following population statistics for Bajaw.
- West Coast Bajau: 55,000 in Sabah, Malaysia (2000 SIL)
- Indonesian Bajau: 150,000 in Indonesia (Mead et al 2007)
- Mapun: 43,000 in the Philippines; 15,000 Mapun people in Sabah, Malaysia (2011 SIL)
Ethnologue lists the following Bajaw dialects. Locations and demographics are from Palleson (1985).
- West Coast Bajau
- Indonesian Bajau
- Sulamu: Sulamu, Kupang Bay, southern Timor. 400 speakers.
- Kajoa: Kajoa Island, 80 km south of Ternate off the west coast of Halmahera
- Roti: Roti Island, southwest of Timor. Fewer than 200 speakers.
- Jaya Bakti: Jaya Bakti, Banggai Regency, central Sulawesi. 3,000 speakers.
- Poso: Polande, Poso Regency, on the southeast coast of the Gulf of Poso, central Sulawesi
- Togian 1: Pulaw Enaw, just off the south coast of Togian Island, Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi
- Togian 2: Togian Islands, Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi
- Wallace: exact location unknown, probably central Moluccas. 117 words collected by Alfred Russel Wallace around 1860.
Together, West Coast Bajau, Indonesian Bajau, and Mapun comprise a Borneo Coast Bajaw branch in Ethnologue.
- Sulawesi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Sabah West Coast at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Mapun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Borneo Coast Bajaw". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Mead, David and Myung-young Lee 2007. Mapping Indonesian Bajau Communities in Sulawesi. SIL Electronic Survey Reports 2007-019.
- Pallesen, A. Kemp. 1985. Culture contact and language convergence. Philippine journal of linguistics: special monograph issue, 24. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.
- Youngman, Scott. 2005. Summary of Bajau Lexicostatistics Project (through October 1989). SIL International. (word lists of 16 Indonesian Bajau varieties spoken in Sulawesi)