Visa requirements for Liechtenstein citizens

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Visa requirements for Liechtenstein citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Liechtenstein. As of 26 March 2019, Liechtenstein citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 178 countries and territories, ranking the Liechtenstein passport 12th in terms of travel freedom overall, and the lowest of the EFTA member states, according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Liechtenstein identity card is valid for travel to all European Union member states, all EFTA member states, Channel Islands, Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, San Marino, Serbia, Turkey[2] and Vatican City.

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of regular Liechtenstein passports
  Liechtenstein
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa may be obtained online or on arrival
  Visa must be obtained in advance

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[3]
 Albania Visa not required[4] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[5]
 Andorra Visa not required[6]
 Angola Visa required[7]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[8] 3 months
 Argentina Visa not required[9] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[10] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[11] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in a 12-month period if granted
 Austria Visa not required[12]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[13] 30 days[14]
 Bahamas Visa not required[15] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[16] 14 days
 Bangladesh eVisa / Visa on arrival[17] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[19] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[20]
 Belize Visa not required[21] 1 month
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[22][23] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[24]
 Bolivia Visa not required[25] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[26] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[27] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[28] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[29] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[30]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[31] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[32]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[33] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[34]
 Cameroon Visa required[35]
 Canada Visa not required[36] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air[37]
 Cape Verde Visa not required[38] 30 days
 Central African Republic Visa required[39]
 Chad Visa required[40]
 Chile Visa not required[41] 90 days
 China Visa required[42]
 Colombia Visa not required[43] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[44]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[45]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[46]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[47] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[48]
 Croatia Visa not required[49] 90 days[50][51]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[52]
 Cyprus Visa not required[53]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[54]
 Denmark Visa not required[55]
  • Freedom of movement (DK)
  • ID card valid
 Djibouti eVisa[56] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[57] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[59] 90 days
 Egypt Visa on arrival[60] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[61] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[62]
 Eritrea Visa required[63]
 Estonia Visa not required[64]
 Eswatini Visa required[65]
 Ethiopia eVisa[66] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[67] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[68]
 France Visa not required[69]
 Gabon eVisa[70]
 Gambia Visa not required[71] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[72] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[73]
 Ghana Visa required[74]
 Greece Visa not required[75]
 Grenada Visa not required[76] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[77] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[78]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[79] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[80]
 Haiti Visa not required[81] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[82] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[83]
 Iceland Visa not required[84]
 India e-Visa[85] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][86]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[87] 30 days
  • Select ports of entry.
 Iran Visa on arrival[88] 30 days[89]
 Iraq Visa required[90]
 Ireland Visa not required[91]
 Israel Visa not required[92] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[93]
 Jamaica Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Japan Visa not required[95] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[96]
  • Conditions apply[97]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[98]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[99] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[100] 90 days
 North Korea Visa required[101]
 South Korea Visa not required[102] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[103] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[104] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[105] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[106]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[107]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[108] 1 month
  • Visa extendable for 2 additional months issued upon arrival
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[109][110]
 Liberia Visa required[111]
 Libya Visa required[112]
 Lithuania Visa not required[113]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[114]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[115] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[116]
 Malaysia Visa not required[117] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[118] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[119]
 Malta Visa not required[120]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[121]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[122]
 Mauritius Visa not required[123] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[124] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[125] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[126] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 days period
 Monaco Visa not required[127]
 Mongolia Visa required[128]
 Montenegro Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[130] 30 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[131] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[132]
 Namibia Visa not required[133] 3 months
  • 3 months within a calendar year
 Nauru Visa required[134]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[135] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[136]
 New Zealand Visa not required[137] 3 months
  • Electronic Travel Authority and International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained before arrival from 1 October 2019.[138]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[139] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[140]
 Nigeria Visa required[141]
 Oman eVisa[142] 30 days
 North Macedonia Visa not required[143] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[144]
 Pakistan Online Visa[145]
 Palau Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[147] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[148] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[149] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[150] 90 days[151]
 Philippines Visa not required[152] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[153]
 Portugal Visa not required[154]
 Qatar Visa not required[155] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[156]
 Russia Visa required[157]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[158]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[159] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[160] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[161] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[162] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[163]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[164] 15 days[165][166]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[167]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[168] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[169] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[170] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[171]
 Singapore Visa not required[172] 30 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[173]
 Slovakia Visa not required[174]
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[175] 3 months
 Somalia Visa on arrival[176]
 South Africa Visa not required[177] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[178]
 Spain Visa not required[179]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[180] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[181]
 Suriname eVisa / Tourist card on arrival[182] 90 days
  • Single entry tourist card valid for up to 90 days may be obtained online, on arrival at the airport or in any Surinamese representation abroad.[183]
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also avaible.[184]
 Sweden Visa not required[185]
  Switzerland Visa not required[186]
 Syria Visa required[187]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[188] 45 days
  • Visa also available online.
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[189]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[190][191] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[192] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[193] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[194] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[195] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[196] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[197] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[198] 90 days[199]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[201]
 Tuvalu Visa not required[202] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[203]
 Ukraine Visa not required[205] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[206] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[207]
 United Kingdom Visa not required[208]
  • Freedom of movement (in Constituent countries)
  • ID card valid
 United States Visa Waiver Program[209] 90 days
  • On arrival from overseas; ESTA (valid for 2 years when issued) required if arriving by air or cruise ship.[210]
 Uruguay Visa not required[211] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[212] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[213] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[214]
 Venezuela Visa not required[215] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[216] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[217]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[218] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[219] 3 months
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Liechtenstein citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa not required[220] 90 days
 Macao Visa not required[221] 90 days

Consular protection of Liechtensteinian citizens abroad[edit]

Diplomatic missions of Liechtenstein

There are Liechtensteinian embassies in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States of America.
See also List of diplomatic missions of Liechtenstein.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[222] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[223] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[224]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[225][226] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[227]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[228] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[229]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[230] Lebanon,[231] Libya,[232] Saudi Arabia,[233] Sudan,[234] Syria,[235] and Yemen[236] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [237] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[238][239] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[240] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[241] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[242] As of January 2019, the list mentioned 795 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[243] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[244]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[245][246] Argentina,[247] Brunei, Cambodia,[248] China,[249] Ethiopia,[250] Ghana, India, Japan[251][252], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [253], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[254] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[255] Singapore, South Korea,[256] Taiwan, Uganda[257] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[258] [259] [260] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[261]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[262] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[263][264]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
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