Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A Bulgarian identity card is valid for travel to most of the European countries

Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bulgaria. As of 02 July 2019, Bulgarian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 168 countries and territories, ranking the Bulgarian passport 19th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Hong Kong (SAR China)) according to the Henley & Partners Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens
  Bulgaria
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa not required[5]
 Angola eVisa[6][7] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[8]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[9]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[10] 3 months
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[12] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[13] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted.
  • Bulgarian Government officially considers that Australia maintains a visa regime towards its citizens.[14] This was dismissed by the European Commission.[15]
 Austria Visa not required[16]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[17] 30 days[18]
 Bahamas Visa not required[19] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[20] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[21]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[22] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[23] 3 months
 Belarus Visa not required[24] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[25]
 Belize Visa not required[26]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[30]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[31]

90 days

  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[32] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[33] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Burkina Faso Visa required[35]
 Burundi Visa required[36][37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa not required[41] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa not required[44] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[45]
 Central African Republic Visa required[46]
 Chad Visa required[47]
 Chile Visa not required[48] 90 days
 China Visa required[49]
 Colombia Visa not required[53] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[54]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[55]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[56]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[58] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[59]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[60] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[61]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[62]
 Denmark Visa not required[63]

ID card valid

 Djibouti eVisa[64] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[65] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[66] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[67] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[68][69] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[70] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[71]
 Eritrea Visa required[72]
 Estonia Visa not required[73]
 Eswatini Visa required[74]
 Ethiopia eVisa[75] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[76] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[77]
 France Visa not required[78]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[79] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[81] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[82] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[83]
 Ghana Visa required[84]
 Greece Visa not required[85]
 Grenada Visa not required[86] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[87] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[88]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[89] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[90]
 Haiti Visa not required[91] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[92] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[93]
 Iceland Visa not required[94]
 India e-Visa[95] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][96]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[97] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[98] 30 days[99]
 Iraq Visa required[100] 15 days
 Ireland Visa not required[101]
 Israel Visa not required[102] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[103]
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[104]
 Japan Visa not required[105] 90 days
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[106]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[108] 30 days[109]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[110] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[111] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[112]
 South Korea Visa not required[113] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[114] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[115] 1 month
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[117][118] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[119]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[120]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[121] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho eVisa[122][123]
 Liberia Visa required[124]
 Libya Visa required[125]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[126]
 Lithuania Visa not required[127]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[128]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[129] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[130]
 Malaysia Visa not required[131] 90 days[132]
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[133] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[134]
 Malta Visa not required[135]
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[136] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[137]
 Mauritius Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[139] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[140] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[141] 90 days
 Monaco Visa not required[144]
 Mongolia Visa required[145]
 Montenegro Visa not required[146] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[147] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[148] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[149] 28 days
 Namibia Visa on arrival[150] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[151]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[152] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[153]
 New Zealand Visa not required[154] 3 months
  • Electronic Travel Authority and International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained before arrival from 1 October 2019.[155]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[156] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[157]
 Nigeria Visa required[158]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[159] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[160]
 Oman eVisa[161] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[162]
  • Online Visa eligible.[163]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[164]
 Palau Visa not required[165] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[166] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[167] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[168] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[169] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period[170]
 Philippines Visa not required[171] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[172]
 Portugal Visa not required[173]
 Qatar Visa not required[174][175] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[176]
 Russia Visa required[177]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[178] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[179] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[180] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[181] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[182] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[183]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[184] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[185]
 Senegal Visa not required[186] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[187] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[188] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[189]
 Singapore Visa not required[190] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[191]
 Slovenia Visa not required[192]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[193] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[194]
 South Africa Visa required[195]
 South Sudan Visa required[196]
 Spain Visa not required[197]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[198] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[199]
 Suriname eVisa[200]
 Sweden Visa not required[201]
  Switzerland Visa not required[202]
 Syria Visa required[203]
 Tajikistan eVisa[204] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[205][206] 3 months
 Thailand Free visa on arrival[207] 15 days
  • Free of charge until 30 April 2020[208]
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[209] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[210] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[211] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[212] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[213] 2 months
 Turkey Visa not required[214] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[215]
 Tuvalu Visa not required[216] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[217]
 Ukraine Visa not required[219] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[220] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required[223]
 United States Visa required[224]
 Uruguay Visa not required[225] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[226] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[227] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[228]
 Venezuela Visa not required[229] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[230] 30 days[231]
 Yemen Visa required[232]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[233] 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[234] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[235]
 Artsakh Visa required[236][237] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[238]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[239][240]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[241]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[242]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months;[243][244][245] ID card valid[243]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[246] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[247]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[248]
 Guernsey Visa not required[249]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[250]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[251] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[252]
 Jersey Visa not required[253]
 Kaliningrad Oblast eVisa From 1 July 2019, Bulgarian citizens are eligible for eVisa access to Kalinigrad oblast for 8 days. [254]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[255]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[256]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[257][258]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[259][260]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[261]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[262]
 Mayotte Visa not required[263]
 Réunion Visa not required[263]
 Ascension Island eVisa[264][265]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[266]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[267]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[268][269]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[270]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Hong Kong Visa not required[271] 3 months
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[272][273][274][275][276][277]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[278]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[279]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[280]
 Macau Visa not required[281] 90 days
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[282]
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[283]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[284] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[285]
 Taiwan Visa not required[286] 90 days
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[287][288][289]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[290][291][292]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[293]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[294]
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[295]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa not required[296] 3 months
 Aruba Visa not required[297] 30 days, extendable to 180 days
 Bermuda Visa not required[298] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[299] 3 months
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[300] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[301][302]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[303]
 Curacao Visa not required[304] 3 months
France French Guiana Visa not required[305]
France French West Indies Visa not required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[306]
 Greenland Visa not required[247]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[307]
 Montserrat Visa not required[308] 6 months
 Puerto Rico Visa required[309]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[263]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[310] 3 months
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[311] 90 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[312]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required[313]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[314]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[315]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[316]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[317]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[318]
 Guam Visa required[319]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[263]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[320]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[321]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[322][323][324]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[325]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[326][327][328][329][330][331][332]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[263]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[333]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[334][335]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[336][337][338][339][340][341][342][343][344][345][346][347]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Bulgarian passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Azerbaijan (diplomatic or service passports), China (diplomatic or service passports), India (diplomatic or official passports), Indonesia (diplomatic or official passports), Iran (diplomatic or service passports), Kazakhstan (diplomatic or service passports), Kuwait (diplomatic or service passports), Mauritania (diplomatic and service passports), Mongolia (diplomatic or official passports), North Korea (diplomatic or service passports), Qatar (diplomatic passports), Russia (diplomatic and service passports), South Africa (diplomatic, official or service passports), Turkmenistan (diplomatic or service passports) and Vietnam (diplomatic, official, service or special passports). Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

Diplomatic missions of Bulgaria

When in a non-EU country where there is no Bulgarian embassy, Bulgarian citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Bulgaria.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[356] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[357] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[358]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[359][360] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[361]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[362] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[363].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[364]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[365] Lebanon,[366] Libya,[367] Saudi Arabia,[368] Sudan,[369] Syria,[370] and Yemen[371] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [372] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[373][374] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[375] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[376] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[377] As of 21 February 2019, the list mentioned 803 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[378] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[379]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[380][381] Argentina,[382] Brunei, Cambodia,[383] China,[384] Ethiopia,[385] Ghana, India, Japan[386][387], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [388], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[389] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[390] Singapore, South Korea,[391] Taiwan, Uganda[392] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[393] [394] [395] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[396]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[397] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[398][399]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ SME E-VISA
  7. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  8. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  9. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  10. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  11. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  12. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  13. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  14. ^ "Information from the Commission about notifications by the Member States of cases of non-reciprocity in accordance with Article 1(4)(a) of Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1289/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council". European Commission. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  15. ^ "Report from the Commission of 22.4.2015 assessing the situation of non-reciprocity with certain third countries in the area of visa policy" (PDF). European Commission. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  16. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  17. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  18. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  19. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  20. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  23. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  24. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  25. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  26. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  27. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  28. ^ eVisa Benin
  29. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  30. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  31. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  32. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  33. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  34. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  35. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  36. ^ "MINISTERE DE LA SECURITE PUBLIQUE, DIRECTION GENERALE DE LA POLICE NATIONALE, COMISSARIAT GENERAL DE LA POLICE DE L'AIR, DES FRONTIERES ET DES ETRANGERS NOTE CIRCULAIRE DU 17/02/2015". Archived from the original on 2014-07-22. Retrieved 2015-02-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ [2]
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  43. ^ Entry requirements by country:Visa-exempt
  44. ^ Citizens of 32 European countries exempted from visas for Cape Verde from January 1
  45. ^ EASE
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  50. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  51. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  52. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  53. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  54. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  55. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  56. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  57. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  58. ^ Visa at International Airport Felix Houphouet Boigny in Abidjan
  59. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  62. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  63. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  64. ^ eVisa
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  69. ^ "Egypt e-Visa Portal". Ministry of Interior (Egypt). Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  73. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  78. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  86. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  90. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  93. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  94. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  95. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  96. ^ e-Visa
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  99. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  100. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  101. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  102. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  103. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ [3]
  108. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  109. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-30. Retrieved 2018-04-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  110. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ [4]
  115. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  116. ^ "e-VISA". evisa.e-gov.kg. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  117. ^ Laos eVisa
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  120. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  121. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  122. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  127. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  128. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  129. ^ eVisa Madagascar
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ [5]
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  136. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  142. ^ https://www.dropbox.com/s/yd4eyv04atdupb4/an.1_765.pdf?dl=0
  143. ^ http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=108362
  144. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  149. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2013-10-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  150. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  151. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  152. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  153. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  154. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  155. ^ Government confirms Electronic Travel Authority details
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  160. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  161. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  162. ^ [6]
  163. ^ [7]
  164. ^ [8]
  165. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ eVisa, Papua New Guinea (PNG) Immigration and Citizenship Authority (ICA)
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ "REQUERIMIENTOS DE VISAS PARA CIUDADANOS EXTRANJEROS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-01-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  171. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  172. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  173. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  174. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  175. ^ [9]
  176. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  177. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  178. ^ [10]
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  182. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  183. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  184. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  187. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  188. ^ "Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Seychelles on the short-stay visa waiver". EUR-Lex. Official Journal of the European Union. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  189. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  192. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  193. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  194. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  198. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  199. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  200. ^ [11]
  201. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  202. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  203. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  204. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan.
  205. ^ eVisa Tanzania
  206. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  207. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  208. ^ "Thailand Visa on Arrival for Free until April 2020". Thailand: The Thaiger. 2019-08-21. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  210. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  211. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Tonga on the short-stay visa waiver
  212. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  213. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  214. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  215. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  216. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  217. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  218. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  219. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  220. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  221. ^ EU signs visa waiver agreement with the United Arab Emirates
  222. ^ Agreement between the European Union and the United Arab Emirates on the short-stay visa waiver
  223. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  224. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  225. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  226. ^ Visa regulations for some countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
  227. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  228. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  229. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  230. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  231. ^ E-visa
  232. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  233. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  234. ^ eVisa Zimbabwe
  235. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-06-23. Retrieved 2017-06-23. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  236. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  237. ^ [12]
  238. ^ [13]
  239. ^ [14]
  240. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  241. ^ [15]
  242. ^ Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea
  243. ^ a b http://mfa.gov.ct.tr/consular-info/visa-regulations/
  244. ^ [16]
  245. ^ [17]
  246. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-21. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  247. ^ a b [18]
  248. ^ Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  249. ^ "Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2018-05-09. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  250. ^ "An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man". Archived from the original on 2013-11-23. Retrieved 2018-05-09. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  251. ^ [19]
  252. ^ [20]
  253. ^ Visa and passport requirements for visitors
  254. ^ "The list of foreign States whose nationals can apply for e-visa". Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  255. ^ [21]
  256. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  257. ^ [22]
  258. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  259. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2015-08-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  260. ^ [23]
  261. ^ [24]
  262. ^ [25]
  263. ^ a b c d e "Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements". Ministère des Affaires étrangères. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  264. ^ "Ascension Island E-Visa System". 13 November 2018.
  265. ^ "Entry Visas". 13 November 2018.
  266. ^ [26]
  267. ^ [27]
  268. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  269. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-11-17. Retrieved 2006-11-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  270. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  271. ^ Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  272. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2013-12-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  273. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2013-11-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  274. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  275. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2015-08-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  276. ^ [28]
  277. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-13. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  278. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  279. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  280. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  281. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
  282. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  283. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  284. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  285. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  286. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  287. ^ [29]
  288. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  289. ^ [30]
  290. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-11-16. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  291. ^ [31]
  292. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-10-22. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  293. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2016-01-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  294. ^ http://www.vietseatourist.vn/News/category1/news-57/No-visa-required-for-tourists-to-Phu-Quoc-on-short-stay.html
  295. ^ "Yemen Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  296. ^ Visa requirements for Anguilla, Government of Anguilla, October 2016.
  297. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  298. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  299. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  300. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  301. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  302. ^ [32]
  303. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2013-12-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  304. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  305. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  306. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  307. ^ "Vietnam Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  308. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  309. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  310. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  311. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  312. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  313. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
  314. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2015-08-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  315. ^ [33]
  316. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2013-11-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  317. ^ "Fiji Country Specific Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  318. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  319. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  320. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-24. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  321. ^ [34]
  322. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2015-09-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  323. ^ [35]
  324. ^ [36]
  325. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-15. Retrieved 2014-03-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  326. ^ [37]
  327. ^ [38]
  328. ^ [39]
  329. ^ [40]
  330. ^ [41]
  331. ^ [42]
  332. ^ [43]
  333. ^ [44]
  334. ^ [45]
  335. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-12. Retrieved 2018-05-09. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  336. ^ [46]
  337. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-04-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  338. ^ [47]
  339. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-05-01. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  340. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-02. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  341. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  342. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2014-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  343. ^ [48]
  344. ^ [49]
  345. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2014-05-12. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  346. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2014-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  347. ^ [50]
  348. ^ "e-Visa is ready to be downloaded!". Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-10-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  349. ^ Electronic Visa Application System
  350. ^ "eVisa". Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-07-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  351. ^ "eVisaST". Archived from the original on 2015-05-21. Retrieved 2015-05-21. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  352. ^ "VISA". Migration.gov.rw. 2013-09-10. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  353. ^ "(Official Government Website)". Myanmar E visa. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2013-10-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  354. ^ "Online Visa Application". Eta.gov.lk. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  355. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2014-03-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  356. ^ Bahrain government website
  357. ^ "PASSPORTS AND VISA | GoIsrael - the Official Website of Tourism to Israel".
  358. ^ Timatic
  359. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  360. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  361. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  362. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  363. ^ Agence régionale de sante Guyane (September 2, 2018). "Fièvre jaune" (in French). Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  364. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  365. ^ "Travel Report - Kuwait". Voyage.gc.ca. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  366. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  367. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  368. ^ Michael Freund, Canada defends Saudi policy of shunning tourists who visited Israel, 2008-12-07, Jerusalem Post
  369. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  370. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
  371. ^ "Travel Advice for Yemen - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2013-07-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  372. ^ "Entry Requirements - Israel Travel Advice". Foreign Travel Advice. Foreign & Commonwealth Office of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Retrieved 6 April 2019. Visitors entering via Ben Gurion airport are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp in their passport. While this practice is in place at other ports of entry, there have been instances where passports have been stamped for entry purposes. You should keep your entry card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories. If you’re refused entry into Israel, your passport may be stamped with an entry stamp and two red lines drawn across it to indicate the refusal.
  373. ^ Azerbaijan Country Page Archived 2009-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. NCSJ: Advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia. Accessed 23 May 2010.
  374. ^ Azerbaijan doesn't allow Armenians in the country - Panarmenian.net
  375. ^ "Azerbaijan Country Page of the NCSJ (advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia) accessed 23 May 2010". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  376. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  377. ^ "List of foreign citizens illegally visited occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  378. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  379. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for travellers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration.
  380. ^ "How to enter Afghanistan. The Entry Requirements for Afghanistan - CountryReports". Countryreports.org.
  381. ^ Nordland, Rod (19 November 2011). "In Afghanistan, Big Plans to Gather Biometric Data". Nytimes.com.
  382. ^ "Argentina strengthens migratory control". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  383. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com.
  384. ^ "China to Start Fingerprinting Foreign Visitors". Air Canada. 31 Jan 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2018. Effective April 27, 2018, border control authorities at all of China’s ports of entry, including its airports, will start collecting the fingerprints of all foreign visitors aged between 14 and 70. Diplomatic passport holders and beneficiaries of reciprocal agreements are exempted..
  385. ^ "Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise". Auswaertiges-amt.de.
  386. ^ "Japan fingerprints foreigners as anti-terror move". Reuters. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via Reuters.
  387. ^ "Anger as Japan moves to fingerprint foreigners - World". Theage.com.au. 2007-10-26.
  388. ^ "Immigration & Visas FAQs". Kenya Airports Authority. Retrieved 6 May 2019. Will visitors still have their digital photo and fingerprints taken at the immigration desk on arrival? Yes, the need to have photos and fingerprints taken upon arrival is to authenticate that the person who applied for the Visa is the same person at the port of entry
  389. ^ "Malaysia". CountryReports. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  390. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  391. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  392. ^ AfricaNews (2019-01-14). "Gemalto awarded Uganda's new e-Immigration solution with fast-track border crossing eKiosks at Entebbe Airport". Africanews. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  393. ^ Brown, Theresa Cardinal (9 May 2016). "Biometric Entry-Exit Update: CBP Developing Land Border Process". Bipartisan Policy Center. Retrieved 25 April 2019. While a requirement for a biometric entry-exit system has been in law for over a decade, it is not yet a reality. Many reasons for the long gestating development have been documented in BPC’s 2014 report Entry-Exit System: Progress, Challenges, and Outlook, including the technological, operational, and cost challenges of creating exit systems and infrastructure where none exist today. However, many critics, especially in Congress, simply accused the Department of Homeland security of dragging its feet... the major operational, logistical, and technical challenge in implementing exit capability at our ports has been the land borders. Unlike airports and seaports, the land border environment is not physically controlled, there is no means to get advance information on who is arriving, and the sheer volume of travel—both vehicular and pedestrian—creates challenges in any system to not further exacerbate delays. While biometric exit for land vehicular traffic is still in the “what if” stage, CBP is moving ahead and piloting systems and technology to use with the large population of pedestrian crossers at the U.S.-Mexico border.
  394. ^ Lipton, Eric (21 May 2013). "U.S. Quietly Monitors Foreigners' Departures at the Canadian Border". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
  395. ^ LIPTON, Eric (15 December 2006). "Administration to Drop Effort to Track if Visitors Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Efforts to determine whether visitors actually leave have faltered. Departure monitoring would help officials hunt for foreigners who have not left, if necessary. Domestic security officials say, however, it would be too expensive to conduct fingerprint or facial recognition scans for land departures.
  396. ^ Campoy, Ana; Campoy, Ana. "The US wants to scan the faces of all air passengers leaving the country". Quartz. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  397. ^ "ICAO Document 9303: Machine Readable Travel Documents, Part 9: Deployment of Biometric Identification and Electronic Storage of Data in MRTDs, 7th edition" (PDF). 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  398. ^ "Iris Scan Implemented at Doha International Airport". Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  399. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)