Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens

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Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of New Zealand. As of 2 July 2019, New Zealand citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 180 countries and territories, ranking the New Zealand passport 9th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the Australian, Lithuanian and Icelandic passports) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for New Zealand passport holders
  New Zealand
  Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorisation or online payment required / eVisa
  Both visa on arrival and eVisa available
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2] Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Afghanistan.[3]
 Albania Visa not required[4] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[5]
 Andorra Visa not required[6]
 Angola eVisa[7][8] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[9]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[10]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[11] 6 months
 Argentina Visa not required[12] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[13] 180 days
 Australia Visa not required[14]
  • New Zealand citizens are eligible to be granted a Special Category Visa on arrival under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, provided that they meet Australian character and health requirements, and enter Australia on their New Zealand passport.[15]
    • Holders of a Special Category Visa may live, work and study in Australia indefinitely, provided that the holder remains a New Zealand citizen.
    • New Zealand citizens entering Australia on a non-New Zealand passport will not be granted a Special Category Visa on arrival, and may need to apply for a visa for arrival as per the requirements imposed on the non-New Zealand country (e.g. a dual citizen of New Zealand and South Africa would need to apply for a visa if wishing to enter Australia on a South African passport). Such people may be able to apply for a Special Category Visa while in Australia, provided that the applicant does not already hold a visa with a "no further stay" condition.
  • New Zealand citizens that are assessed as either a Behaviour-concern non-citizen or a Health-concern non-citizen will not be granted a Special Category Visa on arrival, and must apply for a visa prior to travel.[16]
 Austria Visa not required[17] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa[18] 30 days[19]
 Bahamas Visa not required[20] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[21] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[22] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[23]
 Barbados Visa not required[24] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[25] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[26] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[27]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[28][29] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[30]
 Bolivia Visa not required[31] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[32] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Botswana Visa not required[33] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Brazil Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[35] 30 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[36] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[37] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[38]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[39] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[40]
 Cameroon Visa required[41]
 Canada Visa not required[42] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air.[43]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[44]
  • Not available at all entry points.[45]
 Central African Republic Visa required[46]
 Chad Visa required[47]
 Chile Visa not required[48] 90 days
 China Visa required[49]
 Colombia Visa not required[53] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[54]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[55]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[56]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[58] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[59] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[60] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[61] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[62] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[63] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[64] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[65] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[66] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[67] 90 days[68]
 Egypt Visa on arrival[69] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[70] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[71]
 Eritrea Visa required[72]
 Estonia Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa not required[74] 30 days[68]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[75] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[78] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[79] 90 days
 France Visa not required[80] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[81]
 Gambia Visa not required[82] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[83] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[84] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[85]
 Greece Visa not required[86] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[87] 3 months[68]
 Guatemala Visa not required[88] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[89] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[90] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[91] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[92] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[93] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[95] 90 days
 India eVisa[96] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][97]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[98] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[99] 30 days[100]
 Iraq Visa required[101]
 Ireland Visa not required[102] 3 months
 Israel Visa not required[103] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[104] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[105]
 Japan Visa not required[106] 90 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[107]
  • Conditions apply.[108]
  • Not available at all entry points.[109]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[110] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[111] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[112] 30 days
 North Korea Visa required[113]
 South Korea Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[115] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[116] 60 days
  • A single or multiple tourist or business e-visa for 90 days is also available.[117]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[118][119] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[120] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[121]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[122] 90 days
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[123] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
 Lesotho Visa not required[124] 14 days[68]
 Liberia Visa required[125]
 Libya Visa required[126]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[128] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[129] 90 days
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[130] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[131][132]
 Malaysia Visa not required[133] 3 months
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[134] 30 days[68]
 Mali Visa required[135]
 Malta Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[137] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[138]
 Mauritius Visa not required[139] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[140] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[141] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[142] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[143]
 Mongolia Visa required[144]
 Montenegro Visa not required[145] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[146] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[147] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa / Visa on arrival[149] 30 days
 Namibia Visa not required[151] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[152]
  • Free visa on arrival for Cook Islands and Niue residents.
   Nepal Visa on arrival[153] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[154] 90 days
 Nicaragua Visa not required[155] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[156]
 Nigeria Visa required[157]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[158] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Norway Visa not required[159] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[160] 30 days
  • Issued free of charge.
 Pakistan Electronic Travel Authorization[161]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[162]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[163]
  • Online Visa eligible.[164]
 Palau Free visa on arrival[165] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[166] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[167] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[168] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[169] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[170] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[171] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[172] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[173] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[174] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa required[175]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[176] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[177] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[178] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[179] 1 month
 Samoa Visa not required[180] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[181]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[182]
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[183][184] 90 days
 Senegal Visa on arrival[185] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[187] 3 months[68]
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[188]
 Singapore Visa not required[189] 90 days[190]
 Slovakia Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[192] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[193] 3 months
 Somalia Visa on arrival[194]
 South Africa Visa not required[195] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[196] Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit South Sudan.[197]
 Spain Visa not required[198] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[199] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[200]
 Suriname eVisa[201]
 Sweden Visa not required[202] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[203] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[204] Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Syria.[205]
 Tajikistan Visa on arrival[206] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[208][209] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[210] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[211] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[212]
 Togo Visa on arrival[213] 7 days
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[214] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa on arrival[215] 30 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[216][217] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[218] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[219]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[220] 1 month[68]
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[221]
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • May apply online.[222]
 Ukraine eVisa[223] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival[224] 30 days
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa not required[225] 6 months
  • Adults can use ePassport gates[226]
 United States Visa Waiver Program[227] 90 days
 Uruguay Visa not required[229] 3 months
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[230] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[231] 30 days[68]
  Vatican City Visa not required[232]
 Venezuela Visa not required[233] 90 days Due to criminal and political uncertanties, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Venezuela.[234]
 Vietnam eVisa[235] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[236] Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Yemen.[237]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[238] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
  • Visa not required for Cook Islands and Niue residents.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[239] 3 months
  • Strictly tourism purposes only.
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Dependent and associated territories of New Zealand[edit]

NB: Cook Islands and Niue are not dependent territories of NZ, they are in Free Association with New Zealand

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Cook Islands Visa not required[240] 90 days
 Niue Visa not required[241] 30 days
New Zealand Ross Dependency Permit required[242]
 Tokelau Visa required[243]

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognised or partially recognised countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[244] May enter visa-free for up to 24 hours as part of an organised tourist group.
 Kosovo Visa not required[245] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[246] 3 months
 Nagorno-Karabakh Visa required[247] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[248]
 Palestine Visa not required[249] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[250]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[251][252]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[253] Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[254][255]
 Taiwan Visa not required[256][257] 90 days
 Transnistria Visa not required[258] Registration required after 24h.[259][260]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[261] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[262] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[263]
 Greenland Visa not required[264]
France
 French Guiana Visa not required[265] 3 months
 French Polynesia Visa not required[266] 90 days within 180 days
France French West Indies Visa not required Includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
 Mayotte Visa not required[267] 3 months
 New Caledonia Visa not required[268] 3 months
 Réunion Visa not required[269] 3 months
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[270] 3 months
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[271] 3 months
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[272] 30 days, extendable to 180 days
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands Visa not required[273] 90 days. Includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.
 Curaçao Visa not required[274] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[275] 90 days
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[276] Stays longer than 28 days per 12-month period require a permit.[277]
 Anguilla Visa not required[278] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[279] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[280]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[281] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[282] 6 months
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[283]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[284]
 Montserrat Visa not required[285] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[286][287][288]
 Ascension Island eVisa[289][290]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[291]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling for yacht/ship passenger for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[292]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[293][294]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[295] 90 days
United States
 American Samoa Electronic authorization[296] 30 days
 Guam Visa not required[297] 45 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[298] 45 days
 Puerto Rico Visa not required[299] Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required[300] Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land.[301][302][303][304][305][306][307][308][309][310][311]

Other territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[312]
 China
Hainan
Visa on arrival[313] 30 days[314]
 China
Tibet Autonomous Region
TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[315][316][317]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[318]
 Ecuador
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos
Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[319]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[320]
 Greece
Mount Athos
Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[321][322]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[323][324][325][326][327][328]
 Iran
Kish Island
Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[329]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[330]
 Fiji
Lau Province
Special permission required Special permission required.[331]
 France
Clipperton Island
Special permit required Special permit required.[332]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[333]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[334]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[335]
 Norway
Jan Mayen
Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[336] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[337]
 Svalbard of  Norway Visa not required Unlimited Stay (Indefinite Stay).
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[338][339]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[340]
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
 Sudan
Darfur
Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[341]
 Tajikistan
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[342][343][344]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[345] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[346][347][348][349][350][351][352]
 Venezuela
Margarita Island
Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[353]
 Vietnam
Phú Quốc
Visa not required 30 days[354]
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[355]

Additional rules[edit]

Visa exemptions for Schengen states[edit]

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of up to 3 months[edit]

New Zealand citizens are classified as 'Annex II' foreign nationals, and so are permitted to stay visa-free in the 26 member states of the Schengen Area as a whole — rather than each country individually — for a period not exceeding 3 months every 6 months.

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (but no more than 3 months in any individual member state)[edit]

The New Zealand Government has signed bilateral visa waiver agreements with a number of the individual countries who are Schengen signatories, which allow New Zealand citizens to spend up to three months in the relevant country, without reference to time spent in other Schengen signatory states.[356][357][358][359] Since these agreements continue to remain valid despite the implementation of the Schengen agreement, the European Commission has confirmed that in practice if New Zealanders visit Schengen countries which have signed these types of bilateral agreements with New Zealand, then the terms of these agreements override the conditions normally imposed as a result of the Schengen visa exemption agreement.

New Zealand has individual bilateral visa waiver agreements with the following Schengen signatories:

Consequently, New Zealand citizens can visit the above Schengen member states visa-free for periods of up to 3 months in each country. If, however, a New Zealand citizen then visits another Schengen state not included in the list above, the restriction of no more than 3 months out of a 6-month period in the Schengen area as a whole applies. Therefore, if a New Zealand citizen has already spent 3 months in one or more of the above Schengen countries, any visits to another Schengen country without a bilateral visa waiver agreement with New Zealand may lead to difficulties with local law enforcement agencies (e.g. being accused of having overstayed upon leaving a Schengen country which is not in the list above).

In addition, a New Zealand citizen who has already spent up to 3 months in other parts of the Schengen Area can enter Hungary and remain there for up to a further 90 days visa-free. Following the stay in Hungary, if 3 months has already spent elsewhere in the Schengen area, he/she must then leave the Schengen area from Hungary and go directly to a country outside the Schengen Area.

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (and more than 3 months in an individual member state)[edit]

In general, any person who is not a European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss citizen and who wishes to stay in a Schengen member state for more than 3 months is required to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit. New Zealand citizens aged 18–30 (or 18-35 in some cases) are able to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit from 19 Schengen member states on the basis of a working holiday (see below). Schengen member states also issue national long-stay 'D' visas and residence permits for other reasons to those fulfilling criteria laid out in their national immigration policies (e.g. skilled workers, students, au pair).

In general, the national long-stay 'D' visa/residence permit needs to be obtained in advance through the member state's embassy/consulate. However, some Schengen member states offer exceptions for New Zealand citizens.

 Austria allows New Zealand citizens to enter the country without a visa and to apply for a temporary residence permit or a 'Red-White-Red Card' (issued to permanent immigrants) after arrival, rather than in advance through an Austrian embassy/consulate.[360][361]

The  Czech Republic allows New Zealand citizens to apply for a work visa under a special scheme known as a 'Green Card' (rather than a 'Blue Card' or work permit which is required by most non-EU citizens). The application for a Green Card can be lodged at any Czech embassy/consulate (or, in some circumstances, within the Czech Republic if the applicant is already resident there) and is usually processed within 60 days.[362]

As of 24 June 2014, it is no longer possible to apply for a green card. This type of permit was replaced [363]

 Denmark permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Denmark without a visa and to apply for a residence or work permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Danish foreign mission).[364][365] This is particularly useful as there is no Danish embassy or consulate in New Zealand that accepts residence or work permit applications - the nearest one is in Canberra in Australia.[366]

 Estonia permits New Zealand citizens to stay and work in Estonia for more than 90 days but less than 6 months as long as they obtain a category 'D' long-stay visa at a cost of €80 in advance at an Estonian foreign mission after the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[367] New Zealand citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for more than 6 months can apply for a temporary residence permit for employment after arrival in the country.[368]

 Germany permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be applied for in advance at a German foreign mission).[369][370]

 Hungary allows New Zealand citizens who wish to stay for more than 90 days in the country to apply for a residence card from the regional directorate of the Office of Immigration and Nationality within 90 days of arrival and do not need to obtain a residence permit prior to arrival in Hungary (unlike most other non-EEA and Swiss foreign nationals).[371] Note also that family members (who are not New Zealand citizens) accompanying New Zealand citizens can apply for a residence permit after arriving in Hungary.[372] For example, if a New Zealand citizen wishes to move to Hungary with her husband and her daughter (who are both Samoan citizens and not New Zealand citizens), all three of them can apply for a Hungarian residence permit after arriving in Hungary (although the husband and daughter will have to apply for a Schengen visa prior to travelling to Hungary).

 Latvia permits new Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months as self-employed persons or as businesspersons to enter Latvia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit must be lodged in advance at a Latvian foreign mission).[373]

 Netherlands exempts New Zealand citizens from the requirement to obtain a Schengen category "D" visa (the visa issued for long term stays in The Netherlands of over 90 days, known in Dutch as the "MVV" visa) - an exemption which goes beyond the visa waiver afforded to most other non-EEA and non-Swiss foreign nationals who are usually only given a visa waiver of up to 90 days in a 180-day period.[374]

 Norway permits New Zealand citizens who have qualifications as a skilled worker to stay in the country without a visa for up to 6 months to seek employment as a skilled worker or a specialist (except as a religious leader/teacher or an ethnic cook), as long as they register with the police within 3 months of arriving in Norway.[375]

 Slovakia permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Slovakia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Slovak foreign mission).[376]

  Switzerland offers New Zealand citizens a more generous visa exemption than that which Schengen rules normally provide for. Not only are New Zealand citizens able to spend 3 months visa-free in Switzerland, they can also stay for over 3 months (i.e. without time limit) without the need to apply for a visa.[377] However, at a cantonal level, individual cantonal migration authorities may impose further requirements, such as the need to register for a residence permit, if a New Zealand citizen wants to take up employment or reside for over 3 months, in which case a residence permit must be applied for before entry to Switzerland.

Visa exemptions and requirements for the United Kingdom[edit]

New Zealand citizens are able to visit the United Kingdom for up to 6 months (or 3 months if they enter from the Republic of Ireland) without the need to apply for a visa as long as they fulfil all of the following criteria:

  • they do not work during their stay in the UK
  • they must not register a marriage or register a civil partnership during their stay in the UK
  • they are able to present evidence of sufficient money to fund their stay in the UK (if requested by the border inspection officer)
  • they intend to leave the UK at the end of their visit and can meet the cost of their return or onward journey
  • if under the age of 18, they can demonstrate evidence of suitable care arrangements and parental (or guardian's) consent for their stay in the UK[378]

However, even though, strictly speaking, they are not required to apply for a visa if they satisfy all of the above criteria, New Zealand citizens who fall into any of the following categories have been strongly advised by the UK Border Agency (replaced by UK Visas and Immigration) to apply for a visa prior to travelling to the UK if:

  • they have any unspent criminal convictions in any country
  • they have previously been refused entry or breached the terms of any entry to the UK, or been deported or otherwise removed from the UK
  • they have previously applied for a visa and been refused one
  • they have been warned by a UK official that they should obtain a visa before travelling to the UK

New Zealand citizens who were born before 1983 and qualify for right of abode are able to live and work in the United Kingdom indefinitely.

New Zealand citizens with a grandparent born either in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man at any time or in the Republic of Ireland on or before 31 March 1922 can apply for UK Ancestry Entry Clearance, which enables them to work in the UK for 5 years, after which they can apply to settle indefinitely.

New Zealand citizens aged 18 to 30 can apply for a Youth Mobility Scheme visa which allows them to pursue a working holiday in the UK for 2 years.

New Zealand citizens can study in the United Kingdom for up to 6 months as a student visitor without the need to apply for a visa as long as they do not work during this period. If attending a course which is longer than 6 months, New Zealand citizens can apply for a Tier 4 student visa in New Zealand or in the UK merely by completing the application form, quoting the Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) reference number issued to them by their UK education provider and presenting evidence of care arrangements (if under the age of 18); they do not need to submit proof of sufficient funds, qualifications or English language ability (which most other foreign nationals need to demonstrate) as long as the UK education provider is recognised as a 'Highly Trusted' sponsor by the UK Border Agency. However, the UK Border Agency reserves the right to request such evidence in particular situations and New Zealand citizens must still present such evidence if applying for a Tier 4 student visa outside New Zealand or the UK. New Zealand citizens who have been issued with a Tier 4 student visa (but not those who are in the UK as student visitors) can work in the UK for up to 20 hours per week during term-time and without time restrictions outside term-time.

Visa exemption for Australia[edit]

By virtue of the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens are granted a Special Category Visa on arrival in Australia (which permits residence and work for an indefinite period) as long as:[379]

  • they present a valid New Zealand passport
  • they have no criminal convictions
  • they have no untreated tuberculosis
  • they have not been deported, excluded or removed from any country

The same privilege is extended to Australian citizens and PR holders.

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[380]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[381]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[382] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[383] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[384]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[385][386] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[387]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[388] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[389].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[390]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[391] Lebanon,[392] Libya,[393] Sudan,[394] Syria,[395] and Yemen[396] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [397] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[398]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[399][400] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[401] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[402] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[403] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[404] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[405]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[406][407] Argentina,[408] Brunei, Cambodia,[409] China,[410] Ethiopia,[411] Ghana, Guinea,[412] India, Japan[413][414], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [415], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[416] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[417] Singapore, South Korea,[418] Taiwan, Uganda[419] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[420] [421] [422] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[423]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[424] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[425][426]


Consular protection of New Zealand citizens abroad[edit]

Diplomatic missions of New Zealand

See List of diplomatic missions of New Zealand.

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the statistics these are the numbers of New Zealand visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az Data for 2017
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Data for 2016
  4. ^ a b Data for 2013
  5. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  6. ^ Data for 2012
  7. ^ a b c d Data for 2014
  8. ^ Data for 2009
  9. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  10. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "The Henley Passport Index" (PDF). Henley & Partners Holdings Ltd. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ "Afghanistan". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  4. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  5. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  6. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  7. ^ SME E-VISA[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  10. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  11. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  12. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  13. ^ https://www.e-gov.am/ajax/gfn.php?f=AKV-09-13-01.doc
  14. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  15. ^ "Subclass 444: Special Category Visa". immi.homeaffairs.gov.au. Australian Government: Department of Home Affairs. April 8, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  16. ^ "Visa and Immigration FAQ". newzealand.highcommission.gov.au. Australia High Commission: New Zealand, Cook Islands and Niue. Retrieved September 10, 2019. If you are a New Zealand citizen and you have untreated tuberculosis - you may be considered HCNC and will be required to apply for a visa prior to travel to Australia. [...] If you are a New Zealand citizen and you have had any criminal convictions in your lifetime, or you have been deported, excluded or removed from any country, including Australia, you may be considered BCNC.
  17. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  18. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  19. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  20. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  21. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  22. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  23. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  24. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  25. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  26. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  27. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  28. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  29. ^ eVisa Benin
  30. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  31. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  32. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  33. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  34. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  35. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  36. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ canada.ca/eTA
  44. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  45. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  50. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  51. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  52. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  53. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  54. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  55. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  56. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  57. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  58. ^ [1]
  59. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  60. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  61. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  62. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  63. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  64. ^ eVisa
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h Extendable length of stay.
  69. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  72. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  73. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  74. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  75. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  76. ^ "Ethiopia visa on arrival". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  77. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  80. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  81. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  89. ^ Guinea eVisa
  90. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  94. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  95. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  96. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  97. ^ e-Visa
  98. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  100. ^ Iran extends airport visa validity to 30 days
  101. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  102. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  103. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  104. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  105. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  109. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  110. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  111. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  115. ^ "Kuwait eVisa". Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ E-visa Kyrgyz Republic
  118. ^ Laos eVisa
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  121. ^ [2]
  122. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  123. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  128. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  129. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  130. ^ eVisa Madagascar
  131. ^ [3]
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  136. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  141. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  142. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  143. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  149. ^ "Myanmar eVisa".
  150. ^ [4]
  151. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  152. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  155. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  156. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  160. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  161. ^ [5]
  162. ^ [6]
  163. ^ [7]
  164. ^ [8]
  165. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  166. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  167. ^ eVisa, Papua New Guinea (PNG) Immigration and Citizenship Authority (ICA)
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  171. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  172. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  173. ^ "Qatar Visas".
  174. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  175. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  176. ^ "HOME".
  177. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  182. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-21. Retrieved 2015-05-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  183. ^ Visit Saudi Visa
  184. ^ New Saudi Arabia tourist visas: everything you need to know
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  187. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  188. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  189. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  190. ^ "Singapore eases access for NZ visitors and businesses". 2018-11-15.
  191. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  192. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  193. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  194. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ "South Sudan". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  198. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  199. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  200. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  201. ^ [9]
  202. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  203. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  204. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  205. ^ "Syria". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)