Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of New Zealand. As of 2023,

As of 2024, New Zealand citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 190 countries and territories, ranking the New Zealand passport 5th in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens holding ordinary passports
  New Zealand
  Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country / Region Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[4] 90 days No
 Algeria Visa required[5]
 Andorra Visa not required[6] Yes
 Angola Visa not required[7] 30 days
  • 30 days per trip, but no more than 90 days within any 1 calendar year for tourism purposes only.[8]
  • Visitors must have a return/onward ticket and a hotel reservation confirmation.[9]
  • An International Certificate of Vaccination is required.
No
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[10] 6 months No
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 90 days Yes
 Armenia Visa not required[12][13] 180 days No
 Australia Visa not required[14] Indefinitely
  • New Zealand citizens travelling on a New Zealand passport may be granted a Special Category Visa on arrival entitling the holder to live, work and study indefinitely (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), provided that they are not assessed as either a Behaviour-concern non-citizen or a Health-concern non-citizen.[15][16]
  • May enter using SmartGate.[17]
Yes
 Austria Visa not required[18] 90 days Yes
 Azerbaijan eVisa[19][20] 30 days No
 Bahamas Visa not required[21] 3 months No
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[22] 14 days Yes
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[23] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[24]
No
 Barbados Visa not required[25] 6 months No
 Belarus Visa not required[26] 30 days
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Belarus due to the volatile security situation caused by the Russian military action in neighbouring Ukraine and the conducting of military operations by Russian forces from Belarus. New Zealanders in Belarus should leave immediately if they judge it is safe to do so.[27]
No
 Belgium Visa not required[28] 90 days Yes
 Belize Visa not required[29] No
 Benin eVisa[30][31] 30 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
No
 Bhutan eVisa[32][33]
 Bolivia Visa not required[34] 90 days No
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[35] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period.
No
 Botswana Visa not required[36] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period.
No
 Brazil Visa not required[37] 90 days Yes
 Brunei Visa not required[38] 30 days Yes
 Bulgaria Visa not required[39] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
Yes
 Burkina Faso eVisa / Visa on arrival[40][41] 1 month
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Burkina Faso due to the volatile security situation and the high threat of kidnapping, terrorism and armed banditry.[42]
No
 Burundi Visa on arrival[43] 1 month
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[45][46] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.
No
 Cameroon eVisa[47][48]
 Canada Visa not required[49] 6 months
  • eTA required if arriving by air.[50]
Yes
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[51]
  • Not available at all entry points.[52]
No
 Central African Republic Visa required[53]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to the Central African Republic due to the unstable security situation, activities of armed rebel groups and the high level of violent crime.[54]
 Chad Visa required[55]
 Chile Visa not required[56] 90 days Yes
 China Visa required[57]
 Colombia Visa not required[59] 90 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
No
 Comoros Visa on arrival[60] 45 days No
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[61]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo eVisa[62][63] 7 days
 Costa Rica Visa not required[64] 90 days No
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[65][66] 3 months No
 Croatia Visa not required[67] 90 days Yes
 Cuba Tourist card required[68] 90 days
  • Can be extended up to 90 days with a fee.
 Cyprus Visa not required[69] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
Yes
 Czech Republic Visa not required[70] 90 days Yes
 Denmark Visa not required[71] 90 days Yes
 Djibouti eVisa[72][73] 90 days No
 Dominica Visa not required[74] 6 months No
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[75] 90 days No
 Ecuador Visa not required[76] 90 days[77] No
 Egypt Visa on arrival[78][79] 30 days No
 El Salvador Visa not required[80] 3 months No
 Equatorial Guinea eVisa[81][82]
 Eritrea Visa required[83]
 Estonia Visa not required[84] 90 days Yes
 Eswatini Visa not required[85] 30 days[77] No
 Ethiopia eVisa[86] up to 90 days No
 Fiji Visa not required[89] 4 months No
 Finland Visa not required[90] 90 days Yes
 France Visa not required[91] 90 days Yes
 Gabon eVisa[92][93] 90 days No
 Gambia Visa not required[94] 90 days No
 Georgia Visa not required[95] 1 year No
 Germany Visa not required[96] 90 days Yes
 Ghana Visa required[97]
 Greece Visa not required[98] 90 days Yes
 Grenada Visa not required[99] 3 months[77] No
 Guatemala Visa not required[100] 90 days No
 Guinea eVisa[101][102] 90 days No
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[103] 90 days No
 Guyana Visa not required[104] 3 months No
 Haiti Visa not required[105] 3 months
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Haiti due to the high level of kidnapping, violent crime and civil unrest.[106]
No
 Honduras Visa not required[107] 3 months No
 Hungary Visa not required[108] 90 days Yes
 Iceland Visa not required[109] 90 days Yes
 India eVisa[110][111] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][112]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa may only be obtained twice within 1 calendar year.[citation needed]
  • Foreigners of Pakistani origin or who hold a Pakistani Passport are not eligible for an e-Visa. Foreigners who are not Pakistani nationals, but whose parents or grandparents (either paternal or maternal) were born in, or were permanent residents in Pakistan, are also not eligible for an e-Visa.[113]
No
 Indonesia e-VOA / Visa on arrival[114] 30 days[115]
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
No
 Iran eVisa[116][117] 30 days
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Iran due to the potential for violent civil unrest, the risk of arrest or detention and the volatile security situation in the region.[118]
No
 Iraq Visa on arrival[119] 60 days No
 Ireland Visa not required[121] 3 months Yes
 Israel Visa not required[122] 3 months
  • Entry refused to anyone who "knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel."[123]
Yes
 Italy Visa not required[124] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries.
Yes
 Jamaica Visa not required[125] No
 Japan Visa not required[126] 90 days Yes
 Jordan eVisa / Visa on arrival[127][128]
  • Visa can be obtained upon arrival, it will cost a total of 40 JOD, obtainable at most international ports of entry and land border crossings. (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge)
No
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[129] 30 days No
 Kenya Electronic Travel Authorisation[130][131] 3 months
  • Applications can be submitted up to 90 days prior to travel and must be submitted at least 3 days in advance.
  • eTA fee is 32.50 USD.
  • Proof of reservation at the hotel where you plan to stay is required (if staying with friends, an invitation letter is also acceptable).
  • Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if coming from endemic countries.
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa tourist visa issued by Rwanda or Uganda.[132]
No
 Kiribati Visa not required[133] 30 days No
 North Korea Visa required[134]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to North Korea due to extensive restrictions placed on foreigners and an uncertain security situation that can change with little warning.[135]
 South Korea Electronic Travel Authority[136][137] 90 days
  • The validity period of a K-ETA is 3 years from the date of approval.[138]
Yes
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[139][140] 3 months Yes
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[141] 60 days
  • A single or multiple tourist or business e-visa for 90 days is also available.[142]
No
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[143] 30 days No
 Latvia Visa not required[147] 90 days Yes
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[148] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket.
No
 Lesotho Visa not required[149] 14 days[77] No
 Liberia Visa required[150]
 Libya Visa required[151]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Libya due to ongoing conflict and the threat of terrorism and kidnapping. New Zealanders currently in Libya are strongly advised to depart immediately.[152]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[153] 90 days Yes
 Lithuania Visa not required[154] 90 days Yes
 Luxembourg Visa not required[155] 90 days Yes
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[156] 60 days No
 Malawi Visa not required[157] 30 days No
 Malaysia Visa not required[158] 3 months Yes
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[159] 30 days No
 Mali Visa required[160]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Mali due to the unpredictable security situation, the threat of terrorism and risk of kidnapping and armed banditry.[161]
 Malta Visa not required[162] 90 days Yes
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[163] 90 days No
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[164] No
 Mauritius Visa not required[165] 90 days Yes
 Mexico Visa not required[166] 180 days Yes
 Micronesia Visa not required[167] 30 days No
 Moldova Visa not required[168] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
No
 Monaco Visa not required[169] Yes
 Mongolia Visa not required[170] 30 days
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia has exempted visas for 34 countries from January 2023 to December 2025.[171]
 Montenegro Visa not required[172] 90 days No
 Morocco Visa not required[173] 3 months No
 Mozambique eVisa / Visa on arrival[174][175] 30 days
  • Travelers must pay a fee of 650 MT upon entry.
No
 Myanmar eVisa[176][177] 30 days No
 Namibia Visa not required[179] 3 months No
 Nauru Visa required[180]
  • Free visa on arrival for Cook Islands and Niue residents.
   Nepal Online Visa / Visa on arrival[181] 90 days[182] No
 Netherlands Visa not required[183][184] 90 days Yes
 Nicaragua Visa not required[185] 90 days No
 Niger Visa required[186]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Niger due to the threat of terrorism and kidnapping, the presence of armed millitants and the unpredictable security situation.[187]
 Nigeria eVisa[188][189] 90 days
 North Macedonia Visa not required[190] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
No
 Norway Visa not required[191] 90 days Yes
 Oman Visa not required / eVisa[192][193] 14 days / 90 days
  • Issued free of charge.
Yes
 Pakistan ETA / Online Visa[194][195] 30 days / 3 months
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[196]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[197]
  • Online Visa eligible.[198]
No
 Palau Free visa on arrival[199] 30 days No
 Panama Visa not required[200] 90 days No
 Papua New Guinea eVisa[201][202] 60 days No
 Paraguay Visa not required[203] 90 days No
 Peru Visa not required[204] 183 days No
 Philippines Visa not required[205] 30 days No
 Poland Visa not required[206] 90 days Yes
 Portugal Visa not required[207] 90 days Yes
 Qatar Visa not required[208][209] 30 days Yes
 Romania Visa not required[210] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period.
Yes
 Russia Visa required[211]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Russia due to the impacts the armed conflict with Ukraine has had on commercial flight availability and access to financial services. There is also potential for the security situation to deteriorate with little warning.[212]
Yes
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[213][214] 30 days
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Uganda.[132]
No
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[215] 3 months No
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[216] 6 weeks No
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[217] 3 month No
 Samoa Free Entry permit on arrival[218] 60 days No
 San Marino Visa not required[219] Yes
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[220][221] No
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[222][223] 90 days Yes
 Senegal Visa on arrival[224] 90 days No
 Serbia Visa not required[225] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period.
No
 Seychelles Electronic Border System[226][227] 3 months
  • Application can be submitted up to 30 days before travel.
  • Visitors must upload a reservation confirmation(s) for each visitor's location of stay in Seychelles.
  • Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if coming from endemic countries.
  • Payment of the fee (10 EUR) by credit or debit card.
  • Valid for one journey only and it expires once exit the country.
Yes
 Sierra Leone eVisa / Visa on arrival[228][229] 3 months / 30 days No
 Singapore Visa not required[230] 90 days Yes
 Slovakia Visa not required[231] 90 days Yes
 Slovenia Visa not required[232] 90 days Yes
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[233] 3 months No
 Somalia Visa on arrival[234]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Somalia, including Somaliland. New Zealanders currently in Somalia are advised to leave. There is a significant threat from terrorism, kidnapping, armed conflict and a high level of violent crime throughout the country.[235]
No
 South Africa Visa not required[236] 90 days No
 South Sudan eVisa[237][238]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to South Sudan due to ongoing armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence and violent crime.[239]
  • Obtainable online.
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel.
No
 Spain Visa not required[240] 90 days Yes
 Sri Lanka ETA / Visa on arrival[241][242] 30 days
  • Electronic Travel Authorization can also be obtained on arrival.
  • 30 days extendable to 6 months.
No
 Sudan Visa required[243]
 Suriname Visa not required[244][245] 90 days
  • An entrance fee of 25 USD or 25 Euros must be paid online prior to arrival.[246]
  • Multiple entry e-Visa is also available.[247]
No
 Sweden Visa not required[248] 90 days Yes
  Switzerland Visa not required[249] 90 days Yes
 Syria Visa required[250]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Syria due to the ongoing civil war and extremely dangerous security situation.[251]
 Tajikistan Visa not required[252] 30 days
  • e-Visa also available.[253]
  • e-Visa holders can enter through all border points.
No
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[254][255] 90 days No
 Thailand Visa not required[256] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
No
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[257] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[258]
No
 Togo eVisa[259][260] 15 days No
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[261] 31 days No
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa on arrival[262] 30 days No
 Tunisia Visa not required[263] 3 months No
 Turkey Visa not required[264] 3 months No
 Turkmenistan Visa required[265]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[266] 1 month[77] No
 Uganda eVisa[267][268] 3 months
  • Can also be entered on an East Africa Tourist Visa issued by Kenya or Rwanda.[132]
No
 Ukraine Visa not required[269] 90 days No
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[271] 30 days Yes
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa not required[272] 6 months
  • Visa also not required if holder has UK ancestry clearance visa.
  • Adults can use ePassport gates.[273]
Yes
 United States Visa Waiver Program[274][275] 90 days
  • ESTA is valid for 2 years from the date of issuance.[276]
  • ESTA is also required when entering the country by cruise ship or land.[277]
  • Visa required if Nationals of VWP countries who have travelled or been present in Iraq, North Korea, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, or Yemen at any time on or after 1 March 2011 (with limited exceptions), or those who have travelled or being present in Cuba at any time on or after 12 January 2021, or nationals of VWP countries who are also nationals of Iraq, Syria, Iran, North Korea or Sudan.
Yes
 Uruguay Visa not required[278] 3 months Yes
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[279] 30 days No
 Vanuatu Visa not required[280] 30 days[77] No
 Vatican City Visa not required[281] Yes
 Venezuela Visa not required[282] 90 days
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Venezuela due to the unstable political and economic situation, ongoing high levels of violent crime, the potential for violent civil unrest, and shortages of food, medicine and other basic supplies.[283]
No
 Vietnam eVisa[284][285] 30 days
  • e-Visa is valid for 90 days and multiple entry.
No
 Yemen Visa required[286]
  • The New Zealand government advises its citizens not to travel to Yemen (including the island of Socotra). The ongoing conflict and the extreme threat of terrorism and kidnapping presents a significant risk to New Zealanders in Yemen.[287]
 Zambia Visa not required[288] 30 days
  • Visa not required for Cook Islands and Niue residents.
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
No
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[289] 30 days
  • Strictly tourism purposes only.
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.
No

Dependent and associated territories of New Zealand[edit]

NB: Cook Islands and Niue are not dependent territories of NZ, they are in Free Association with New Zealand

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Cook Islands Visa not required[290] 90 days
 Niue Visa not required[291] 30 days
New Zealand Ross Dependency Permit required[292]
 Tokelau Visa required[293]

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognised or partially recognised countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[294] May enter visa-free for up to 24 hours as part of an organised tourist group.
 Kosovo Visa not required[295] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[296] 3 months
 Palestine Visa not required[297] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[298]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[299][300]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[301] Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[302][303]
 Taiwan Visa not required[304][305] 90 days
 Transnistria Visa not required[306] Registration required after 24h.[307][308]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[309] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[310] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[311]
 Greenland Visa not required[312]
France
 French Guiana Visa not required[313] 3 months
 French Polynesia Visa not required[314] 90 days within 180 days
France French West Indies Visa not required Includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
 Mayotte Visa not required[315] 3 months
 New Caledonia Visa not required[316] 3 months
 Réunion Visa not required[317] 3 months
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[318] 3 months
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[319] 3 months
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[320] 30 days, extendable to 180 days
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands Visa not required[321] 90 days. Includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.
 Curaçao Visa not required[322] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[323] 90 days
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[324] Stays longer than 28 days per 12-month period require a permit.[325]
 Anguilla Visa not required[326] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[327] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[328]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[329] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[330] 6 months
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[331] A visitor permit is normally issued as a stamp in the passport on arrival, The maximum validity period is 1 month.[332]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[333]
 Montserrat Visa not required[334] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[335][336][337]
 Ascension Island eVisa[338][339] 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[340]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling for yacht/ship passenger for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[341]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[342][343]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[344] 90 days
United States
 American Samoa Electronic authorization[345] 30 days
 Guam Visa not required[346] 45 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[347] 45 days
 Puerto Rico Visa not required[348] Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required[349] Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land.[350][351][352][353][354][355][356][357][358][359][360]

Other territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[361]
 China
Hainan
Visa free[362] 30 days[363]
 China
Tibet Autonomous Region
TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[364][365][366]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[367]
 Ecuador
Galápagos
Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[368]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[369]
 Greece
Mount Athos
Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[370][371]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[372][373][374][375][376][377]
 Iran
Kish Island
Visa not required Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa.[378]
 Iraqi Kurdistan eVisa You can apply for an e-Visa (30 days) to visit the Iraqi Kurdistan Region.[379]
 Fiji
Lau Province
Special permission required Special permission required.[380]
 France
Clipperton Island
Special permit required Special permit required.[381]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[382]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[383]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[384]
 Norway
Jan Mayen
Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[385] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[386]
 Svalbard of  Norway Visa not required Unlimited Stay (Indefinite Stay).
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[387]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[388]
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
 Sudan
Darfur
Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[389]
 Tajikistan
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[390][391][392]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[393] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[394][395][396][397][398][399][400]
 Venezuela
Margarita Island
Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[401]
 Vietnam
Phú Quốc
Visa not required 30 days[402]
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[403]

Additional rules[edit]

Visa exemptions for Schengen states[edit]

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of up to 3 months[edit]

New Zealand citizens are classified as 'Annex II' foreign nationals, and so are permitted to stay visa-free in the 26 member states of the Schengen Area as a whole — rather than each country individually — for a period not exceeding 3 months every 6 months.

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (but no more than 3 months in any individual member state)[edit]

The New Zealand Government has signed bilateral visa waiver agreements with a number of the individual countries who are Schengen signatories, which allow New Zealand citizens to spend up to three months in the relevant country, without reference to time spent in other Schengen signatory states.[404][405][406][407][408][409][410][411][412][413]

Since these agreements continue to remain valid despite the implementation of the Schengen agreement, the European Commission has confirmed that in practice if New Zealanders visit Schengen countries which have signed these types of bilateral agreements with New Zealand, then the terms of these agreements override the conditions normally imposed as a result of the Schengen visa exemption agreement.[414]

New Zealand has individual bilateral visa waiver agreements with the following Schengen signatories:

Consequently, New Zealand citizens can visit the above Schengen member states visa-free for periods of up to 3 months in each country.

If, however, a New Zealand citizen then visits another Schengen state not included in the list above, the restriction of no more than 3 months out of a 6-month period in the Schengen area as a whole applies. Therefore, if a New Zealand citizen has already spent 3 months in one or more of the above Schengen countries, any visits to another Schengen country without a bilateral visa waiver agreement with New Zealand may lead to difficulties with local law enforcement agencies (e.g. being accused of having overstayed upon leaving a Schengen country which is not in the list above).

In addition, a New Zealand citizen who has already spent up to 3 months in other parts of the Schengen Area can enter Hungary and remain there for up to a further 90 days visa-free. Following the stay in Hungary, if 3 months has already spent elsewhere in the Schengen area, he/she must then leave the Schengen area from Hungary and go directly to a country outside the Schengen Area.

A stay in the Schengen Area as a whole of more than 3 months (and more than 3 months in an individual member state)[edit]

In general, any person who is not a European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss citizen and who wishes to stay in a Schengen member state for more than 3 months is required to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit.

New Zealand citizens aged 18–30 (or 18–35 in some cases) are able to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit from 19 Schengen member states on the basis of a working holiday (see below). Schengen member states also issue national long-stay 'D' visas and residence permits for other reasons to those fulfilling criteria laid out in their national immigration policies (e.g. skilled workers, students, au pair).

In general, the national long-stay 'D' visa/residence permit needs to be obtained in advance through the member state's embassy/consulate. However, some Schengen member states offer exceptions for New Zealand citizens.

 Austria allows New Zealand citizens to enter the country without a visa and to apply for a temporary residence permit or a 'Red-White-Red Card' (issued to permanent immigrants) after arrival, rather than in advance through an Austrian embassy/consulate.[415][416]

The  Czech Republic allows New Zealand citizens to apply for a work visa under a special scheme known as a 'Green Card' (rather than a 'Blue Card' or work permit which is required by most non-EU citizens). The application for a Green Card can be lodged at any Czech embassy/consulate (or, in some circumstances, within the Czech Republic if the applicant is already resident there) and is usually processed within 60 days.[417]

As of 24 June 2014, it is no longer possible to apply for a green card. This type of permit was replaced [418]

 Denmark permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Denmark without a visa and to apply for a residence or work permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Danish foreign mission).[419][420] This is particularly useful as there is no Danish embassy or consulate in New Zealand that accepts residence or work permit applications - the nearest one is in Canberra in Australia.[421]

 Estonia permits New Zealand citizens to stay and work in Estonia for more than 90 days but less than 6 months as long as they obtain a category 'D' long-stay visa at a cost of €80 in advance at an Estonian foreign mission after the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'.[422] New Zealand citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for more than 6 months can apply for a temporary residence permit for employment after arrival in the country.[423]

 Germany permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be applied for in advance at a German foreign mission).[424][425]

 Hungary allows New Zealand citizens who wish to stay for more than 90 days in the country to apply for a residence card from the regional directorate of the Office of Immigration and Nationality within 90 days of arrival and do not need to obtain a residence permit prior to arrival in Hungary (unlike most other non-EEA and Swiss foreign nationals).[426] Family members (who are not New Zealand citizens) accompanying New Zealand citizens can apply for a residence permit after arriving in Hungary.[427] For example, if a New Zealand citizen wishes to move to Hungary with her husband and her daughter (who are both Samoan citizens and not New Zealand citizens), all three of them can apply for a Hungarian residence permit after arriving in Hungary (although the husband and daughter will have to apply for a Schengen visa prior to travelling to Hungary).

 Latvia permits new Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months as self-employed persons or as businesspersons to enter Latvia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit must be lodged in advance at a Latvian foreign mission).[428]

 Netherlands exempts New Zealand citizens from the requirement to obtain a Schengen category "D" visa (the visa issued for long term stays in The Netherlands of over 90 days, known in Dutch as the "MVV" visa) - an exemption which goes beyond the visa waiver afforded to most other non-EEA and non-Swiss foreign nationals who are usually only given a visa waiver of up to 90 days in a 180-day period.[429]

 Norway permits New Zealand citizens who have qualifications as a skilled worker to stay in the country without a visa for up to 6 months to seek employment as a skilled worker or a specialist (except as a religious leader/teacher or an ethnic cook), as long as they register with the police within 3 months of arriving in Norway.[430]

 Slovakia permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Slovakia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Slovak foreign mission).[431]

 Switzerland offers New Zealand citizens a more generous visa exemption than that which Schengen rules normally provide for. Not only are New Zealand citizens able to spend 3 months visa-free in Switzerland, they can also stay for over 3 months (i.e. without time limit) without the need to apply for a visa.[432] However, at a cantonal level, individual cantonal migration authorities may impose further requirements, such as the need to register for a residence permit, if a New Zealand citizen wants to take up employment or reside for over 3 months, in which case a residence permit must be applied for before entry to Switzerland.

Visa exemptions and requirements for the United Kingdom[edit]

New Zealand citizens are able to visit the United Kingdom for up to 6 months (or 3 months if they enter from the Republic of Ireland) without the need to apply for a visa as long as they fulfil all of the following criteria:

  • they do not work during their stay in the UK
  • they must not register a marriage or register a civil partnership during their stay in the UK
  • they are able to present evidence of sufficient money to fund their stay in the UK (if requested by the border inspection officer)
  • they intend to leave the UK at the end of their visit and can meet the cost of their return or onward journey
  • if under the age of 18, they can demonstrate evidence of suitable care arrangements and parental (or guardian's) consent for their stay in the UK[433]

However, even though, strictly speaking, they are not required to apply for a visa if they satisfy all of the above criteria, New Zealand citizens who fall into any of the following categories have been strongly advised by the UK Border Agency (replaced by UK Visas and Immigration) to apply for a visa prior to travelling to the UK if:

  • they have any unspent criminal convictions in any country
  • they have previously been refused entry or breached the terms of any entry to the UK, or been deported or otherwise removed from the UK
  • they have previously applied for a visa and been refused one
  • they have been warned by a UK official that they should obtain a visa before travelling to the UK

New Zealand citizens who were born before 1983 and qualify for right of abode are able to live and work in the United Kingdom indefinitely.

New Zealand citizens with a grandparent born either in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man at any time or in the Republic of Ireland on or before 31 March 1922 can apply for UK Ancestry Entry Clearance, which enables them to work in the UK for 5 years, after which they can apply to settle indefinitely.

New Zealand citizens aged 18 to 30 can apply for a Youth Mobility Scheme visa which allows them to pursue a working holiday in the UK for 2 years.

New Zealand citizens can study in the United Kingdom for up to 6 months as a student visitor without the need to apply for a visa as long as they do not work during this period. If attending a course which is longer than 6 months, New Zealand citizens can apply for a Tier 4 student visa in New Zealand or in the UK merely by completing the application form, quoting the Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) reference number issued to them by their UK education provider and presenting evidence of care arrangements (if under the age of 18); they do not need to submit proof of sufficient funds, qualifications or English language ability (which most other foreign nationals need to demonstrate) as long as the UK education provider is recognised as a 'Highly Trusted' sponsor by the UK Border Agency. However, the UK Border Agency reserves the right to request such evidence in particular situations and New Zealand citizens must still present such evidence if applying for a Tier 4 student visa outside New Zealand or the UK.

New Zealand citizens who have been issued with a Tier 4 student visa (but not those who are in the UK as student visitors) can work in the UK for up to 20 hours per week during term-time and without time restrictions outside term-time.

Visa exemption for Australia[edit]

By virtue of the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens are granted a Special Category Visa on arrival in Australia (which permits residence and work for an indefinite period) as long as:[434]

  • they present a valid New Zealand passport
  • they have no criminal convictions
  • they have no untreated tuberculosis
  • they have not been deported, excluded or removed from any country

The same privilege is extended to Australian citizens and PR holders.

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[435]

1 - Up to 180 days
2 - Up to 90 days
3 - Up to 90 days in a period of 180 days
4 - Up to 60 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[436]

  • No need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • Undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • Expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[437] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination[edit]

Cover of the new International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines since 2021

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[438] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[439]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[440][441]

Passport validity length[edit]

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a valid passport on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card – especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[442][443] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[444]

Some countries, such as Japan,[445] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[446] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[447] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[448] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru,[449] Philippines,[450] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[451]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honduras, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[452] and South Africa.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[453] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[454]

For example, Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens that have previously entered Azerbaijan through non-Azerbaijani controlled borders. This includes the illegal entry into the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[455] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding Armenian-occupied territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[456] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[457] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[458] Lebanon,[459] Libya,[460] Syria,[461] and Yemen[462] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Biometrics[edit]

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to change planes rather than go landside.[463]

Fingerprinting countries/regions include Afghanistan,[464][465] Argentina,[466] Brunei, Cambodia,[467] China,[468] Ethiopia,[469] Ghana, Guinea,[470] India, Japan,[471][472] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[473] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[474] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[475] Singapore, South Korea,[476] Taiwan, Thailand,[477] Uganda,[478] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[479][480][481] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[482]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[483] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[484][485]

Consular protection of New Zealand citizens abroad[edit]

Diplomatic missions of New Zealand

Foreign travel statistics[edit]

According to the statistics these are the numbers of New Zealand visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az Data for 2017
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Data for 2016
  4. ^ a b Data for 2013
  5. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  6. ^ Data for 2012
  7. ^ a b c d Data for 2014
  8. ^ Data for 2009
  9. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  10. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  92. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
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  98. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
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  112. ^ e-Visa
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Notes[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Lantui - Baka (China)
    • Meuang mom - Wan Pong (Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng Dry Port - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Pakxan - Bungkan (Thailand)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Phoudou (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
    • Lalai (Vietnam)
    • Pangmone - Phayao (Thailand)
    • Daktaock - Nam Giang (Vietnam)
    • Savannakhet Airport
  4. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Bokeo
  5. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammouane
    • Bokeo
  6. ^
    • Samliemkham (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
  •  This article incorporates text by SafeTravel, New Zealand Government available under the CC BY 4.0 license.