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Visa requirements for Irish citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An Irish passport

Visa requirements for Irish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Ireland.

As of 2024, Irish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 193 countries and territories, ranking the Irish passport 2nd in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Since Brexit and as of 2024, Irish citizens are the only nationality in the world with the right to live and work in both the European Union and the United Kingdom.

Visa requirements map

[edit]
Visa requirements for Irish citizens holding ordinary passports
  Ireland
  Freedom of movement (European Union / European Economic Area / Common Travel Area)
  Visa not required / ESTA / eTA / eVisitor
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements

[edit]

Territories and disputed areas

[edit]

Visa requirements for Irish citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
Europe
 Abkhazia Visa required[269]
Mount Athos Special permit required
  • Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[270][271]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required[272] 15 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months
  • Can use Irish passport card to enter.[273]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Visa required
  • Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.[274]
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[275]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[276]
 Guernsey Freedom of movement[277]
 Guernsey  Alderney Freedom of movement[278]
 Guernsey  Sark Freedom of movement[279]
 Isle of Man Freedom of movement[280][281]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required
  • Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[282] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[283]
 Jersey Freedom of movement[284]
 Kosovo Visa not required[285] 90 days
Russia Closed cities and regions in Russia Special authorization required[286]
 South Ossetia Visa not required
  • Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[287][288]
 Transnistria Visa not required
Africa
 Eritrea (outside Asmara) Travel permit required
  • Visa covers Asmara only; to travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[291]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara controlled territory) Visa not required[292] 3 months
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required
  • All foreigners traveling more than 25 km (16 mi) outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required
  • Separate travel permit is required.[295]
Asia
 Hong Kong Visa not required[296] 90 days
India Protected and restricted areas of India PAP/RAP required
 Iraqi Kurdistan eVisa[303] 30 days
Kazakhstan Baikonur and Priozersk Special permission required
Iran Kish Island Visa not required
 Macao Visa not required[306] 90 days
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required
  • These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[307]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required
  • With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[308]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Permission required
  • People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)[citation needed]
 Palestine Visa not required
 Taiwan Visa not required[311] 90 days
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required
Turkmenistan Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit required
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Permission required
  • Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Permission required
  • Restricted zones.
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required[319] 30 days
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission required
Caribbean and North Atlantic
 Anguilla Visa not required[321] 3 months
 Aruba Visa not required[322] 30 days
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[323] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required 21 days
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 1 month
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[328][329] 6 months
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival
 Curacao Visa not required[331] 3 months
 Montserrat Visa not required[332] 6 months
 Greenland Visa not required[275]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa not required
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[333]
 Puerto Rico Visa not required 90 days
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[335]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[336] 3 months
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[337][338] 90 days
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required 90 days
Oceania
 American Samoa Visa not required
  • Visa not required under the Entry Permit Waiver Program, but authorisation is required.[340]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required[341]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required[342]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[343] 31 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required[344]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[345]
 Guam Visa not required 90 days
 New Caledonia Visa not required[347] 3 months
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days
  • Visa on arrival valid for 30 days is issued free of charge.[348]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required[349]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days
 Tokelau Entry permit required[354]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permit required
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[362]
South America
Galápagos Pre-registration required
  • Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[363]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[364] 1 month
  • A visitor permit is normally issued as a stamp in the passport on arrival.[365]
 Ascension Island eVisa 3 months
  • e-Visa for 3 months within any year period.[366][367]
 Saint Helena Entry Permit on arrival 183 days
  • Entry Permit (£25) for 183 days is issued on arrival.[368]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[373][374][375][376][377][378][379][380][381][382][383]

Non-ordinary passports

[edit]

Holders of diplomatic or official passports of Ireland have additional visa-free access to Kuwait. Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Non-visa restrictions

[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages

[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[384] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination

[edit]
Cover of the new International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines since 2021

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[385] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[386]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[387][388]

Passport validity length

[edit]

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a valid passport on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card – especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[389][390] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[391]

Some countries, such as Japan,[392] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[393] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[394] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[395] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru,[396] Philippines,[397] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[398]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honduras, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[399] and South Africa.

Criminal record

[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[400] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[401]

Israeli stamps

[edit]
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[402] Lebanon,[403] Libya,[404] Syria,[405] and Yemen[406] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Biometrics

[edit]

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to change planes rather than go landside.[407]

Fingerprinting countries/regions include Afghanistan,[408][409] Argentina,[410] Brunei, Cambodia,[411] China,[412] Ethiopia,[413] Ghana, Guinea,[414] India, Japan,[415][416] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[417] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[418] Mongolia, Saudi Arabia,[419] Singapore, South Korea,[420] Taiwan, Thailand,[421] Uganda,[422] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[423][424][425] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[426]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[427] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[428][429]

Common Travel Area

[edit]

Ireland and the United Kingdom, together with its Crown Dependencies of Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man make up a Common Travel Area where:

  • No ID is required for travel by land for British or Irish citizens
  • Only photographic ID is required for travel by air or sea for British or Irish citizens (but some airlines - such as Ryanair - may mandate passports for all)

However, there are occasionally checks on coaches and trains moving between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Citizens of third countries must have passports and, if required, visas to travel between the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.

British visas don't enable travel to Ireland for people without agreement with Ireland, and vice versa. Air and sea passengers travelling between the Common Travel Area and the Schengen Area are subject to systematic passport / identity checks.

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries

[edit]
Countries with Irish diplomatic missions

As citizens of the European Union, all Irish citizens have the right to seek consular assistance and protection from embassies of fellow EU member states when they are in a non-EU country without an Irish embassy.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Ireland.

See also

[edit]

References and notes

[edit]
References
  1. ^ "Global Passport Ranking".
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  7. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  8. ^ "Visa and passport". Timatic. International Air Transport Association through Emirates. Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  9. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  10. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  11. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  12. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  13. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  14. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  15. ^ "Azerbaijan eVisa".
  16. ^ eVISA Online Services – Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas
  17. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  18. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  19. ^ Barbados Visa Requirements and Reciprocal Arrangements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 1 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Statement of Belarus Foreign Ministry on visa-free travel to Belarus for the citizens of 35 European countries". Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  21. ^ "Statement of Belarus Foreign Ministry on visa-free travel to Belarus for the citizens of 35 European countries". Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  22. ^ "Statement of Belarus Foreign Ministry on visa-free travel to Belarus for the citizens of 35 European countries". Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  23. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  24. ^ Do you need a visa to travel to Belize?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade & Immigration, Belize, July 2023.
  25. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  26. ^ "Benin eVisa".
  27. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  28. ^ "Bhutan eVisa".
  29. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  30. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  31. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  32. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  33. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.BN
  34. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  35. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  36. ^ "Burkina Faso eVisa".
  37. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  38. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  39. ^ "Cambodia eVisa".
  40. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  41. ^ "Cameroon eVisa".
  42. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  43. ^ "Canada eTA". 15 April 2015.
  44. ^ "Entry requirements by country:Visa-exempt". 17 May 2013.
  45. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  46. ^ "Citizens of 32 European countries exempted from visas for Cape Verde from January 1". 29 December 2018.
  47. ^ "EASE".
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  49. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  50. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  51. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  52. ^ "China extends visa exemption for 12 countries to promote exchanges: spokesperson". gov.cn. 7 May 2024. Retrieved 8 July 2024.
  53. ^ "国家移民管理局推出新政进一步便利外籍人员来华". nia.gov.cn. 11 January 2024.
  54. ^ "144小时过境免签政策解读". nia.gov.cn.
  55. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  56. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  57. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  58. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  59. ^ "DR Congo eVisa".
  60. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  61. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  62. ^ "CI eVisa".
  63. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  64. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  65. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  66. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  67. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  68. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  69. ^ "Djibouti eVisa".
  70. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  71. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  72. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  73. ^ a b c d e Extendable length of stay.
  74. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  75. ^ "Egypt eVisa".
  76. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  77. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  78. ^ "Equatorial Guinea eVisa".
  79. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  80. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  81. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  82. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  83. ^ "Ethiopia visa on arrival". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  84. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  85. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  86. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  87. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  88. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  89. ^ "Gabon eVisa".
  90. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  91. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  92. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  93. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  94. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  95. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  96. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  97. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  98. ^ "Guinea eVisa".
  99. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  100. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  101. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  102. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  103. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  104. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  105. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  106. ^ e-Visa
  107. ^ The note is under Q1(v) in the FAQs
  108. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  109. ^ "Indonesia e-VOA".
  110. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  111. ^ "Iran eVisa".
  112. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  113. ^ "Iraq gives visa on arrival to citizens of 30 countries - Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East". 16 March 2021.
  114. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  115. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  116. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  117. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  118. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  119. ^ "Jordan E-Services".
  120. ^ "What is Jordan Pass?".
  121. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  122. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  123. ^ "Kenya eTA".
  124. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  125. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  126. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  127. ^ "K-ETA".
  128. ^ "K-ETA Application Guide".
  129. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  130. ^ "Kuwait eVisa".
  131. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  132. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  133. ^ a b "Checkpoints – ກົມຕຳຫຼວດກວດຄົນເຂົ້າ-ອອກເມືອງ". immigration.gov.la. Department of Immigration of Lao PDR. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  134. ^ "Lao Visa Online | Lao eVisa Authorization Application". laoevisa.gov.la. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lao PDR – Consular Department. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  135. ^ "Laos International Travel Information". travel.state.gov. U.S. Department of State – Bureau of Consular Affairs. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  136. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  137. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  138. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  139. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  140. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  141. ^ "Libya eVisa".
  142. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  143. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  144. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  145. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  146. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  147. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  148. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  149. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  150. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  151. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  152. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  153. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  154. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  155. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  156. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  157. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  158. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  159. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  160. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  161. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  162. ^ "Mozambique eVisa".
  163. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  164. ^ "Myanmar eVisa".
  165. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  166. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  167. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  168. ^ "Nepal Online Visa".
  169. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  170. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  171. ^ a b "Paying the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 1 February 2021. Many tourists, people on working holidays, and some students and workers coming to New Zealand must pay an International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy (IVL) of NZD $35.
  172. ^ "Information about: Australian Resident Visa". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 21 May 2020. Australian citizens and permanent residents can visit, work and live in New Zealand. You do not need a visa before you travel to New Zealand.
  173. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  174. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  175. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  176. ^ "Nigeria Immigration Services".
  177. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  178. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  179. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  180. ^ "Oman eVisa".
  181. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  182. ^ "Pakistan Online Visa".
  183. ^ "Business Visa in Your Inbox".
  184. ^ "Tourist Visa".
  185. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  186. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  187. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  188. ^ "PNG Easy Visitor Permit".
  189. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  190. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  191. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  192. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  193. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  194. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  195. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  196. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  197. ^ "Russia eVisa".
  198. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  199. ^ "Rwanda E-Services".
  200. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  201. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  202. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  203. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  204. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  205. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
  206. ^ International Air Transport Association (IATA), Travel Information Manual
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Notes
  1. ^ Custom procedure for 24-hour visa-free transit is required in principle, except in Beijing (both Capital and Daxing), Shanghai Pudong, Hangzhou, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu Tianfu and Xi'an if no leaving of international transit areas.[53]
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Lantui - Baka (China)
    • Meuang mom - Wan Pong (Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng Dry Port - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Pakxan - Bungkan (Thailand)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Phoudou (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
    • Lalai (Vietnam)
    • Pangmone - Phayao (Thailand)
    • Daktaock - Nam Giang (Vietnam)
    • Savannakhet Airport
  5. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Bokeo
  6. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammouane
    • Bokeo
  7. ^
    • Samliemkham (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)