Frankfurt Airport

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Frankfurt Airport
Flughafen Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt Airport logo 2016.svg
FRA June2013.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Fraport
Serves Frankfurt, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 364 ft / 111 m
Coordinates 50°02′00″N 008°34′14″E / 50.03333°N 8.57056°E / 50.03333; 8.57056Coordinates: 50°02′00″N 008°34′14″E / 50.03333°N 8.57056°E / 50.03333; 8.57056
Website frankfurt-airport.com
Map
FRA is located in Germany
FRA
FRA
Location within Germany
FRA is located in Europe
FRA
FRA
FRA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07R/25L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
07C/25C 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
18/36A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
07L/25RB 2,800 9,240 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 64,500,386 Increase 6.1%
Cargo (t) 2,194,056 Increase 3.8%
Aircraft movements 475,537 Decrease 2.7%
Economic impact (2016) $22.3 billion[1]
Sources: Fraport,[2] AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

A:^ used for take-offs in one direction only[4]

B: ^ used for landings only

Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF) (German: Flughafen Frankfurt am Main [ˈfluːkhaːfn̩ ˌfʁaŋkfʊɐ̯t ʔam ˈmaɪn], also known as Rhein-Main-Flughafen) is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres. It is operated by Fraport and serves as the main hub for Lufthansa including Lufthansa CityLine and Lufthansa Cargo as well as Condor and AeroLogic. The airport covers an area of 2,300 hectares (5,683 acres) of land[5] and features two passenger terminals with a capacity of approximately 65 million passengers per year, four runways and extensive logistics and maintenance facilities.

Frankfurt Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany as well as the 4th busiest in Europe after London Heathrow Airport, Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The airport is also the 13th busiest worldwide by total number of passengers in 2016,[6] with 60.786 million passengers using the airport in 2016. In 2017 Frankfurt Airport handled 64.500 million passengers. It also had a freight throughput of 2.076 million metric tonnes in 2015 and is the busiest airport in Europe by cargo traffic. As of summer 2017, Frankfurt Airport serves more than 300 destinations in 5 continents, making it the airport with the most direct routes in the world.[7]

The southern side of the airport ground was home to the Rhein-Main Air Base, which was a major air base for the United States from 1947 until 2005, when the air base was closed and the property was acquired by Fraport. In 2017, passengers at the airport increased by 6.1% to 64,500,386 compared to 2016. The airport celebrated its 80th anniversary in July 2016.[8]

Location[edit]

Frankfurt Airport lies 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of central Frankfurt,[3] near the Autobahn intersection Frankfurter Kreuz, where two of the most heavily used motorways in Europe (A3 and A5) meet. The airport grounds, which form a city district of Frankfurt named Frankfurt-Flughafen, are surrounded by the Frankfurt City Forest. The southern portion of the airport grounds extend partially into the cities of Rüsselsheim am Main and Mörfelden-Walldorf, and a western portion of the grounds lie within the city of Kelsterbach.

The airport is centrally located in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region, which itself has a central location in the densely populated region of the west-central European megalopolis. Thereby, along with a strong rail and motorway connection, the airport serves as a major transport for the greater region, less than two hours by ground to Cologne, the Ruhr Area, and Stuttgart.

History[edit]

The base opened as a German commercial airport in 1936, with the northern part of the base used as a field for fixed-wing aircraft and the extreme southern part near Zeppelinheim serving as a base for rigid airships. That section of Rhein-Main later became the base for the Graf Zeppelin, its sister ship LZ-130, and, until 6 May 1937, for the ill-fated Hindenburg.

The airships were dismantled and their huge hangars demolished on 6 May 1940 during conversion of the base to military use. Luftwaffe engineers subsequently extended the single runway and erected hangars and other facilities for German military aircraft. During World War II the Luftwaffe used the field sporadically as a fighter base and as an experimental station for jet aircraft.

First airport[edit]

On 16 November 1909, the world's first airline was founded in Frankfurt am Main: The Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft (DELAG). DELAG then built the first airport in Frankfurt, called Airship Base at Rebstock, which was located in Bockenheim in the western part of the city and was primarily used for airships in the beginning. It opened in 1912 and was extended after World War I, but in 1924 an expert's report already questioned the possibility of further expansions at this location.

With the foundation of Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 a rapid boom of civilian air travel started and soon the airship base became too small to handle the demand. Plans for a new and larger airport located in the Frankfurt City Forest south-west of Schwanheim were approved in 1930, but were not realised due to the Great Depression. After the Machtergreifung in 1933 the government revived the plans and started the construction of the new airport.

Second airport[edit]

Frankfurt Airport in 1936, with several Ju 52/3ms and Fw 200s of Deutsche Lufthansa

On the northern part of the airport originated in 1935 a two-storey station building with a six-storey tower, and other operating and outbuildings for maintenance and storage of aircraft. The approximately 100 hectares runway received a grass cover.

The official opening of the new Flug- und Luftschiffhafen Rhein-Main took place on 8 July 1936. The first plane that landed was a Ju 52/3m, Six days later, on 14 July 1936 LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin landed at the airport. 1936 800 tons of cargo and 58,000 passengers were transported, in 1937 70,000 passengers and 966 tons of cargo. In the coming years, the new airport was home base of the two largest German airships LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg . In 1938 Frankfurt was a central distribution point for the transport of airmail to North America.

On 6 May 1937, it came to a serious accident: The Hindenburg , on the way from Frankfurt to New York, exploded shortly before application in the landing area of Lakehurst, 36 people died. The accident marked the end of the regular air shipping traffic and the end of the era of airships.

World War II[edit]

After the beginning of World War II in 1939 all foreign airlines left the airport and control of air traffic was transferred to the Luftwaffe. On 9 May 1940, the first bombers took off to attack France. From August to November 1944 a concentration camp was established in Walldorf, close to the airport site, where Jewish female prisoners were forced to work for the airport. The Allies of World War II destroyed the runway system with airstrikes in 1944 and the Wehrmacht blew up buildings and fuel depots in 1945, shortly before the US Army took control of the airport on 25 March 1945. After the German Instrument of Surrender the war in Europe ended and the US Army started to build a new temporary runway at Frankfurt Airport. The southern part of the airport ground was occupied to build the Rhein-Main Air Base as an Air Force Base for the United States Air Forces in Europe.

Berlin Airlift[edit]

Rhein-Main Air Base during the Berlin Airlift

In 1948 the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' rail and road access to the sectors of West Berlin under Allied control. Their aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food and fuel, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. In response, the Western Allies organised the Berlin Airlift to carry supplies via air to the people in West Berlin. The airports in Frankfurt, Hamburg and Hannover were the primary bases for Allied aircraft. The heavy use of these so-called "Raisin Bombers" caused damage to the runway in Frankfurt and forced the US Army to build a second parallel runway. The airlift ended in September 1949 after the Soviet Union ended their blockade.

Growth of the airport[edit]

Civil air traffic at Frankfurt Airport in 1951
An Iran Air Boeing 707–320B at Frankfurt Airport in 1970
A Garuda Indonesia Boing 747-400 taxiing at Frankfurt Airport in 2000

In 1951 restrictions for German air travellers were lifted and civil air traffic started to grow again. In 1952 Frankfurt Airport handled more than 400,000 passengers; a year later it was more than half a million. About 100 to 120 aeroplanes took off from and landed in Frankfurt daily. In 1955, Lufthansa resumed flights to and from Frankfurt and in the same year the Federal Republic of Germany gained its air sovereignty back from the Allies. In 1957 the northern runway was extended, first to 3,000 m (9,843 ft) and then to 3,900 m (12,795 ft), to make it compatible with jet aircraft.

The airport did not emerge as a major international airline hub until 1958 when a new passenger terminal called Empfangsanlage Ost (Terminal East, literally "Arrival Facility East") opened in the north-east corner of the airport site. Only four years later it was clear that the terminal was already too small for the demand. In 1961 Frankfurt already had 2.2 million passengers and 81,000 take-offs and landings, making it the second busiest airport in Europe behind London–Heathrow.

In 1962 it was decided to build an even larger terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers per year. Work on this terminal began in 1965. The southern runway was extended to 3,750 m (12,303 ft) in 1964. In 1970 a new hangar was inaugurated; this accommodated six jet aircraft and was the world's largest hangar at the time.

The new main terminal[edit]

Check-in concourse A in Terminal 1

The new terminal, called Terminal Mitte (Central Terminal, today known as Terminal 1) is divided into three concourses (A, B and C) with 56 gates and an electric baggage handling system. Everything opened to the public on 14 March 1972. It was assumed that the terminal capacity would be sufficient for the next 30 years. Along with the new terminal a railway station (Frankfurt Airport station) was opened, the first airport railway station in the Federal Republic of Germany. A few days later the old Empfangsanlage Ost was closed.

The third runway[edit]

Planning for a third runway (called Startbahn 18 West) began in 1973. This project spawned massive protests by residents and environmentalists. The main points of conflict were increasing noise and pollution and the cutting down of protected trees in the Frankfurt City Forest. While the protests and related lawsuits were unsuccessful in preventing construction, the Startbahn West protests were one of the major crystallisation points for the German environmental movement of the 1980s. The protests even continued after the runway had been opened in 1984 and in 1987 two police officers were killed by a gunman. This incident ended the Startbahn West protests for good. Because of its orientation in the north–south direction, in contrast to the other east–west runways, the use of the third runway is limited. The Startbahn West can only be used for takeoffs to the south to avoid interference with air traffic on the other runways. Owing to this restriction the runway must be partially or fully closed when northward winds are too strong.

Terminal 2 and the second railway station[edit]

The apron of Terminal 2

In 1990, work on a new terminal (Terminal 2) began because it was anticipated that Terminal Mitte would reach its capacity limit sooner than expected. The new terminal, divided into concourses D and E, was built to the east of the existing terminal where once the Empfangsanlage Ost had been. With its opening in 1994, Frankfurt Airport increased its terminal capacity to 54 million passengers per year. Along with the terminal opening, a people mover system called Sky Line was established to provide a fast connection between Terminal 2 and Terminal Mitte (now renamed Terminal 1).

In 1999 a second railway station, primarily for InterCityExpress long-distance trains (called Frankfurt Airport long-distance station), opened near Terminal 1 as part of the new Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line. At the same time local and regional rail services were based at the existing underground station, now renamed Frankfurt Airport regional station.

Closure of the Rhein-Main Air Base[edit]

On 30 December 2005, the Rhein-Main Air Base in the southern part of the airport ground was closed and the US Air Force moved to Ramstein Air Base. The property was handed back to Fraport which allows the airport to use it to build a new passenger terminal. The property of the housing area for the soldiers, called Gateway Gardens, which was located north-east of the airport site, was given back to the city of Frankfurt in the same year and will be developed as a business district in the following years.

The Airbus A380 and The Squaire[edit]

From 2005 to 2007 a large Airbus A380 maintenance facility was built at Frankfurt Airport because Lufthansa wanted to station their future A380 aircraft fleet there. Due to economic constraints only half of the facility has been built so far. Both terminals also underwent major renovations in order to handle the A380, including the installation of a third boarding bridge at several gates. Lufthansa's first Airbus A380 went into operation in June 2010 and was named Frankfurt am Main.

Aerial view of the central airport buildings including The Squaire in the back

In 2011 a large office building called The Squaire (a portmanteau of square and air) opened at Frankfurt Airport. It was built on top of the Airport long-distance station and is considered the largest office building in Germany with 140,000 m2 (1,500,000 sq ft) floor area. Main tenants are KPMG and two Hilton Hotels.

Since 2012 the people mover "The Squaire Metro" connects the Squaire with the nine-storey parking structure. On a length of about 300 metres the so-called MiniMetro system with its two cabins can carry up to 1,300 passengers per hour.[9] The constructor of the system was the Italian manufacturer Leitner.

The fourth runway[edit]

Plans to build a fourth runway at Frankfurt Airport were underway in 1997, but owing to violent conflicts with the concept Fraport let residents' groups and environmentalists participate in the process to find a mutually acceptable solution. In 2000, a task force presented their conclusion which generally approved a new runway, but of shorter length (only 2.8 kilometres compared to the other three 4-kilometre-long runways), which would serve as a landing-only runway for smaller aircraft. Additional requirements included improved noise protection arrangements and a strict ban on night flights between 11 pm and 5 am across the whole airport. In 2001, Fraport applied for approval to build the new runway, with three possible options. The conclusion was that a runway north-west of the airport site would have the least impact on local residents and the surrounding environment. The plans were approved by the Hessian government in December 2007, but the requested ban on night flights was lifted because it was argued that an international airport like Frankfurt would need night flights, especially for worldwide freight transport. Construction of the new 2,800 m (9,186 ft) long Runway Northwest in the Kelsterbach Forest began in early 2009.

Developments since 2011[edit]

The new runway officially went into operation on 20 October 2011, with an aircraft carrying Chancellor Angela Merkel, performing the first landing on 21 October. The centre line separation from the existing north runway is about 1,400 m (4,593 ft). This allows simultaneous instrument landing system (ILS) operations on these two runways, which has not been possible on the other parallel runways, which do not meet the 3,500-foot minimum separation for ILS operations.[10] This allowed the airport to increase its capacity from 83 to 126 aircraft movements per hour.[11][12]

On 11 October 2011, the Hessian Administration Court ruled that night flights between 11pm and 5am (the so-called Mediationsnacht) are no longer allowed at Frankfurt Airport after the inauguration of the new runway, and therefore overrode the approval from the Hessian government from 2007 which allowed 17 scheduled flights per night. On 4 April 2012 the German Administrative Court confirmed the decision of the Hessian Administration Court, banning night flights between 11pm and 5am.[13]

To handle the predicted passenger amount of about 90 million in 2020, a new terminal section adjacent to Terminal 1 for an additional six million passengers opened on 10 October 2012. It is called Flugsteig A-Plus and exclusively used by Lufthansa mainly for their long-haul flights. Flugsteig A-Plus features eight parking positions and is able to handle four Airbus A380 or seven Boeing 747 at once.[14]

In November 2016, Ryanair announced the opening of a new base at Frankfurt Airport with four routes to Spain and Portugal. This sparked severe criticism, especially from Lufthansa, as Ryanair was granted high discounts and incentives regarding the airport's fees.[15] On 28 February 2017 Ryanair announced its winter programme for Frankfurt which will see a further 20 new routes being added.

Facilities[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Frankfurt Airport has two large main passenger terminals (1 and 2) and a much smaller dedicated First Class Terminal which is operated and exclusively used by Lufthansa. As is the case at London's Heathrow Airport and Los Angeles International Airport (bar the Tom Bradley International Terminal), terminal operations are grouped for airlines and airline alliances rather than into domestic and international routes.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 is the older and larger one of the two passenger terminals. The landside is 420 metres long. It has been enlarged several times and is divided into concourses A, B, C and Z and has a capacity of approximately 50 million passengers per year. Terminal 1 is functionally divided into three levels, the departures level on the upper floor with check-in counters, the arrivals level with baggage claim areas on the ground floor and, underneath, a distribution floor with access to the regional station and underground and multilevel parking. Departures and arrivals levels each have separate street approaches. A bus station is located at arrivals level. Terminal 1 has a total of 103 gates, which include 54 gates equipped with jetways (25 in Concourse A, 18 in Concourse B, 11 in Concourse C).

Pier A was extended by 500 metres in 2000, and a link between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, as well as the Hall C extension opened in 2008.[16]

On 10 October 2012, an 800-metre-long westward expansion of Terminal 1 called Pier A-Plus went into operation. It provides more stands for wide-body aircraft like the Airbus A380.[17]

Terminal 1 is primarily used by Lufthansa, its associated companies (Brussels Airlines, Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines and Austrian Airlines) and its Star Alliance partners (e.g. Aegean Airlines, Air Canada, Air China, Air India, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, TAP Air Portugal, Thai Airways, Turkish Airlines and United Airlines).

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, which has a capacity of 15 million passengers a year, was opened in 1994 and is divided into concourses D and E. A continuous concourse between Terminal 1C and 2D provides direct, but non-public access between the two terminals. It has eight gates with jetways and 34 apron stands, a total of 42 gates and is able to handle wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A380.

Terminal 2 is primarily used by airlines of the oneworld (e.g. American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Iberia, Japan Airlines, LATAM Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Royal Jordanian and S7 Airlines) and SkyTeam alliances (e.g. Aeroflot, Air France, Alitalia, China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Czech Airlines, Delta Air Lines, KLM, Korean Air, Saudia, TAROM and Vietnam Airlines; note that SkyTeam member Middle East Airlines operates out of Terminal 1 in concourses B and C).

Terminal overview[edit]

Terminal Concourse Schengen gates Non-Schengen gates Location
1 1A A1-A69 Terminal 1, western concourse, lower departure level
1Z Z11-Z69 Terminal 1, western concourse, upper departure level
1B B1-B19
(inner area)
B20-B63
(outer area)
Terminal 1, central concourse
1C C1 C2-C20 Terminal 1, eastern concourse
2 2D D21-D44
(lower departure level)
D1-D20/D50-D54
(upper departure level)
Terminal 2, western concourse
2E E21-E26
(lower departure level)
E2-E13
(upper departure level)
Terminal 2, eastern concourse

Lufthansa First Class Terminal[edit]

Lufthansa First Class Terminal

Lufthansa operates a small dedicated First Class Terminal near Terminal 1 with exclusive access for Lufthansa first class passengers and HON Circle frequent flyer members only. Other first class passengers must use the dedicated first class lounges within the main terminals. The facility has 200 staff and is used by about 300 passengers daily. It provides individualised security screening and customs facilities. Amenities include valet parking, a white-linen restaurant, lounge and office areas, a cigar room and bubble baths. Passengers are transported directly from the terminal to the plane by luxury car.

SkyLine[edit]

Passengers and visitors can change terminals with the people mover system SkyLine which has the following stops:

Stop Restrictions
1AZ passengers only
1B
1C non-Schengen passengers only
2DE

The travel time between the terminals is 2 minutes with trains arriving every 2–3 minutes during the day. Additionally there is regular bus service between the terminals.

Runways[edit]

Frankfurt Airport has four runways of which three are arranged parallel in east–west direction and one in north–south direction. In 2010 three runways (Runways North, South and West) handled 464,432 aircraft movements, which equated to 83 movements per hour. With the start of operation of the Northwest Runway in October 2011 the airport was predicted to be able to handle 126 movements per hour. It is predicted that aircraft movements will increase up to 700,000 in the year 2020. By using the fourth runway, Frankfurt Airport is able for the first time to handle simultaneous parallel landings, because the distance between the north and the north-west runways is 1,400 m (4,593 ft). Simultaneous parallel landings were not possible with the north and south runway pairing, because the separation distance did not meet the safety standard prescribed by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Direction
(Name)
Length × Width
in m (ft)
Surface Orientation Start of operation Use
07C/25C
(Runway North)
4000 × 60
(13,123 × 197)
Asphalt East-west 1936 Take-offs (landings allowed)
07R/25L
(Runway South)
4000 × 45
(13,123 × 148)
Asphalt East-west 1949 Take-offs and landings
18/36
(Runway West)
4000 × 45
(13,123 × 148)
Concrete North-south 1984 Take-offs in southbound direction only
07L/25R
(Runway Northwest)
2800 × 45
(9,240 × 148)
Concrete East-west 2011 Landings only (not allowed for Airbus A380, Boeing 747, MD-11)

During normal operation the two outer parallel runways (07L/25R and 07R/25L) are used for landings and the central parallel runway (07C/25C) and the Runway West (18) for take-offs. The three parallel runways have two markings because they can be operated in two directions while the Runway West can only be used in one direction.

Future expansions[edit]

Airport map with planned and already constructed expansions

Terminal 3 (under construction)[edit]

In 2009, the German government decided to create third terminals for both Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport in order to handle expected passenger flows of 90 million in Frankfurt by 2020 and 50 million in Munich by 2017. The new terminal is scheduled to be built by Fraport, south of the existing terminals on the grounds of the former Rhein-Main Air Base. The new Terminal 3 is to accommodate up to 25 million passengers and will feature 75 new aircraft positions when completely constructed. An extension of the SkyLine people mover system is planned to connect the new terminal to Terminals 1 and 2 and the airport train stations.

In August 2014, the city of Frankfurt granted building permission for the first phase of Terminal 3.[18] The groundbreaking for the new terminal took place on 5 October 2015. Its first phase, consisting of the main building and two of the planned four piers (concourses 3H and 3J), is planned to open by 2023 and will be able to handle 15 million additional passengers per year. Total costs are estimated at 3 billion euros.[19]

In 2017, Frankfurt Airport indicated that the second-phase construction of the eastern-most pier (concourse 3G) could be moved forward so that low-cost carriers can use this pier from 2019/2020.[20] If approved by municipal authorities, the piers will be constructed and used according to the following timetable:[21]

Concourse 3G (eastern-most pier):

  • Construction of first twelve bus gates, reachable via shuttle buses from terminals 1/2, in use by 2019/2020
  • Construction of additional twelve bus gates by 2023/2024
  • Construction of passenger bridges by 2025/2026

Check-in area, concourses 3H and 3J (central piers): Construction by 2023 including transport systems for visitors, passengers and luggage to the other terminals

  • Concourse 3H is planned for Schengen flights
  • Concourse 3J is planned for non-Schengen flights[22]

Concourse 3K (western-most pier): Possible third-phase expansion depending on development of passenger numbers

Passenger Transport System[edit]

A new passenger transport system is planned for the connection of the new terminal 3 and the existing terminals 1 and 2. It will use a track which is separate from the existing SkyLine people mover but will allow for interchanges between them.[23] It is scheduled to have four stops in the final stage:

Stop Location/remarks
F Long- and short-distance railway station
1C Interchange station to SkyLine (long-term planning)
2DE Interchange station to SkyLine (upon inauguration of PTS)
3GHJK

Airlines and destinations[edit]

106 airlines fly to 275 destinations in 111 countries from Frankfurt Airport, with approximately 1,365 flights per day. Lufthansa and their Star Alliance partners account for 77% of all passengers at Frankfurt Airport.[24] 65% of all intercontinental flights in Germany are operated at Frankfurt Airport, followed by Munich Airport with 17%.[24]

Due to capacity constraints until autumn 2011 when the fourth runway went into operation, there are still comparably few low-cost carriers operating at Frankfurt Airport. Some of these airlines use Frankfurt–Hahn Airport as an alternative while Ryanair and Wizzair meanwhile announced to start operations at the actual Frankfurt Airport as well. Despite its name, Frankfurt–Hahn Airport is located about 120 km (75 mi) west of Frankfurt, closer to Koblenz and Mainz.

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Frankfurt Airport:[25]

AirlinesDestinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana, Pristina, Tirana
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Rhodes
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Kazan
Air Algérie Algiers
Seasonal: Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Marrakesh
Air Astana Astana, Atyrau[26]
Seasonal: Oral[27]
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Calgary, Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Ottawa, Vancouver
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen
Air Dolomiti Verona[28]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Bordeaux[29]
Air India Delhi, Mumbai[30]
Air Malta Malta[31]
Air Moldova Chişinău
Air Namibia Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: Philadelphia (ends 27 October 2018)[32]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Astra Airlines Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki
Austrian Airlines Graz, Innsbruck, Salzburg, Vienna
Azores Airlines Ponta Delgada
Belavia Minsk
British Airways London–City, London–Heathrow
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Guangzhou
Condor[33] Agadir, Barbados, Cancún, Fortaleza, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Glasgow, Havana, Holguín, Hurghada, Kilimanjaro, Kuala Lumpur (begins 1 November 2018),[34] La Palma, Lanzarote, Las Vegas, Mahé, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Recife, San José (CR), San Juan, Santo Domingo, Seattle/Tacoma, Tenerife–South, Tobago, Varadero, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Anchorage, Antalya, Antigua, Baltimore, Bari, Burgas, Cagliari, Calgary, Cape Town, Curaçao (begins 6 November 2018),[35] Catania, Chania, Comiso, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fairbanks, Fort-de-France, Grenada, Halifax, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Malta, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mykonos, Naples, Nassau, New Orleans, Olbia, Palermo, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Palma de Mallorca, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Porto Santo, Preveza, Rhodes, Rijeka, Samos, Santorini, Sitia, Skiathos, Split, St. Lucia, Thessaloniki, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Whitehorse, Zadar, Zakynthos
Croatia Airlines Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Pula, Zadar
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin–Tegel[36]
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki[37]
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Finnair Helsinki
Seasonal: Kittilä[38]
flybmi Bristol, Jönköping, Karlstad
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[39]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Madrid, Santiago de Chile
Laudamotion Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca[40]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa[41] Aalborg, Abuja, Addis Ababa, Agadir (begins 29 October 2018),[42] Alicante, Algiers, Almaty, Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antalya, Ashgabat, Astana, Athens, Atlanta, Austin (begins 3 May 2019),[43] Bahrain Baku, Bengaluru, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Bydgoszcz, Cairo, Cape Town, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cluj–Napoca, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dammam, Delhi, Denver, Detroit, Dresden, Dubai–International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Erbil, Faro, Florence, Friedrichshafen, Funchal, Gdańsk, Geneva, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg–Tambo, Katowice, Kiev–Boryspil, Kraków, Kuwait, Lagos, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, Lisbon, London–City, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Malabo, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Minsk, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanjing, Naples, New York–JFK, Newark, Nice, Nuremberg, Orlando, Osaka–Kansai (ends 31 March 2019),[44] Oslo–Gardermoen, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Palermo, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Port Harcourt, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Pune (resumes 28 October 2018),[45][46] Qingdao, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Riga, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, San Diego, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Santiago de Compostela, San Jose (CA) (ends 27 October 2018),[47] San Jose (CR), São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Seville, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Singapore, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sylt, Tallinn, Tampa, Thessaloniki (begins 28 October 2018),[48] Timișoara, Tirana, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Trieste (begins 29 October 2018),[42] Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Vancouver, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Wrocław, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Bastia, Bodrum, Cagliari, Cancún, Dubrovnik, Eilat–Ovda (begins 28 October 2018),[49] Heringsdorf, Hévíz–Balaton, Ibiza, Ivalo, Kuusamo, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Montréal–Trudeau, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, Santorini, Shannon, Pula, Split, Tromsø, Zadar
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Seasonal: Ulaanbaatar
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Nouvelair Charter: Enfidha
Oman Air Muscat
Onur Air Antalya[50]
Seasonal: Istanbul–Atatürk
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Nador
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Agadir, Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Bergamo, Brindisi, Catania, Dublin (begins 28 October 2018),[51] Gran Canaria, Faro, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Seville, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Valencia
Seasonal: Chania, Corfu, Girona, Kefalonia, Marseille, Murcia, Mykonos, Perugia, Pula, Rijeka, Zadar
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Medina
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore Airlines New York–JFK, Singapore
Somon Air Dushanbe
South African Airways Johannesburg–Tambo
SunExpress Antalya, Dalaman, İzmir
Seasonal: Ordu–Giresun
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Agadir, Ankara, Antalya, Chania, Gazipaşa, Hurghada, Ibiza, İzmir, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Luxor, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Burgas, Heraklion,[52] Samsun, Thessaloniki, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phuket
TUI fly Deutschland Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Sal, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Agadir (begins 6 May 2019),[53] Antalya, Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba (begins 30 May 2019),[53] Enfidha,[53] Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Lamezia Terme (begins 18 May 2019),[53] Larnaca (begins 2 May 2019),[53] Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes
Seasonal charter: Luxor (begins 5 November 2018)[54]
Tunisair Djerba, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Kayseri, Izmir
Turkmenistan Airlines Yerevan[55]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo,[56] Saint Petersburg[56]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Wizz Air Budapest, Kiev–Zhuliany, Sofia
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík

Cargo airlines and destinations[edit]

Frankfurt Airport is the second-largest multimodal transport airport in Europe and has several logistics facilities. These facilities are grouped at two areas at the airport ground: In the north (CargoCity Nord) and in the south (CargoCity Süd). In 2010 it was the second-busiest airport by cargo traffic in Europe after Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport, handling 2,231,348 metric tonnes of loaded and unloaded freight.

The following airlines operate regular scheduled cargo operations at Frankfurt Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Helsinki, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Yekaterinburg
Asiana Cargo Göteborg Landvetter, Moscow–Domodedovo, Seoul–Incheon, Vienna
ASL Airlines Belgium Dubai–International, Liège
Cathay Pacific Cargo Amsterdam, Chennai, Dubai–International, Hong Kong, Manchester, Mumbai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
China Airlines Abu Dhabi, Prague, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong[57]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation Ashgabat, Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Emirates SkyCargo Cairo, Campinas–Viracopos, Dakar–Senghor, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Mexico City, Tripoli
Etihad Cargo[58] Abu Dhabi,[58] Bogotá,[58] Bridgetown[58]
FedEx Express Cologne/Bonn, Memphis
FedEx Feeder Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Iran Air Cargo Tehran-Mehrabad
Korean Air Cargo Brussels, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Navoi, Seoul–Incheon, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
LATAM Cargo Chile Amsterdam, Campinas–Viracopos
Lufthansa Cargo Aguadilla, Almaty, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Bogotá, Boston, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Campinas, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Cologne/Bonn, Curitiba, Dakar–Senghor, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Houston, Hyderabad, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kaunas, Los Angeles, Manaus, Manchester, Mexico City, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Nairobi, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shannon, Sharjah, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tucumán
Maximus Air Cargo Sharjah
MyCargo Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
National Airlines Doha, Hong Kong, Karaganda, Kuwait, Quetta
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, London–Stansted
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Riyadh
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Lagos
Uzbekistan Airways Baku, Tashkent

CargoCity[edit]

CargoCity is the name of the two large main areas featuring most of the airport's freight handling facilities:

  • The 98 hectare large CargoCity Süd (South) is home to a cargo centre for dispatch service providers and freight forwarding businesses. Several transport companies like DHL Global Forwarding, Air China, Emirates, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Korean Air and Fraport Cargo Services are based here.
  • CargoCity Nord (North) is the headquarters of Lufthansa Cargo. Additional facilities here are a Perishables Centre for fresh produced goods and the Frankfurt Animal Lounge for the transport of living animals.

Other facilities[edit]

Airport City[edit]

Frankfurt Airport Centre 1
The Squaire

The airport ground and the surrounding area of Frankfurt Airport offer a large variety of on-airport businesses as well as airport-related businesses, including office space, hotels, shopping areas, conference rooms and car parks. The development of an airport city has significantly accelerated in recent years.

Frankfurt Airport Centres[edit]

The Frankfurt Airport Centre 1 (FAC 1) near Terminal 1 offers office and conference facilities, the newer FAC 2 is located within Terminal 2 and offers office space for airlines.

Airport City Mall[edit]

The Airport City Mall is located on the landside of Terminal 1, departure hall B. It offers national and international retailers and label stores, a supermarket and several restaurants.

The Squaire[edit]

The Squaire is an office building with a total floor area of 140,000 m2 (1,506,900 sq ft). It is directly connected to Terminal 1 through a connecting corridor for pedestrians. The accounting firm KPMG, Lufthansa and two Hilton Hotels (Hilton Garden Inn Frankfurt Airport with 334 rooms and Hilton Frankfurt Airport with 249 rooms) occupy space in The Squaire.

Main Airport Centre[edit]

The Main Airport Centre, named after the Main river, is an office building with ten floors and about 51,000 m2 (549,000 sq ft) of office space. It is located at the edge of the Frankfurt City Forest near Terminal 2.

Sheraton Hotel & Conference Centre[edit]

Sheraton Hotels and Resorts offers 1,008 guest rooms adjacent to Terminal 1 and a conference centre for up to 200 delegates.

Gateway Gardens[edit]

Gateway Gardens is a former housing area for the United States Air Force personnel based at the Rhein-Main Air Base, close to Terminal 2. Like the air base, the housing area was closed in 2005. Since then the area is being developed into a business location for airport-related companies. Lufthansa moved its airline catering subsidiary LSG Sky Chefs to Gateway Gardens, Condor and SunExpress are headquartered here. DB Schenker, the logistics company of Deutsche Bahn, have built a 66 m (217 ft) high-rise building.

Deutsche Bahn are also currently in the process of adding a new S-Bahn train station in this area. This includes re-routing of the existing S-Bahn line into new tunnels between the existing Frankfurt Airport Regional Station and Frankfurt-Stadion station. The journey time will increase by 4 minutes but Deutsche Bahn have stated that they will use new trains (ET423) which will be faster and have more capacity.[59]

Further users[edit]

Lufthansa Aviation Centre
  • Fraport's facilities are on the property of Frankfurt Airport.[60] Its head office building is by Gate 3.[61] The newly constructed[62] headquarters were inaugurated there in 2012.[63] The Fraport Driving School (Fraport Fahrschule) is in Building 501 of CargoCity South (CargoCity Süd).[64][65]
  • Lufthansa's main building, where the board of directors is seated, is called Lufthansa Aviation Centre (LAC).[66] Lufthansa operates the Lufthansa Aviation Center (LAC), Building 366 at Frankfurt Airport.[67][68] Several company departments, including Corporate Communications,[69] Investor Relations,[70] and Media Relations,[71] are based at the LAC. Lufthansa also uses several other buildings in the area, including the Lufthansa Flight Training Center for flight training operations and the Lufthansa Basis BG2[72] as a central base and for crew briefing. As of 2011 Lufthansa Cargo has been headquartered in Building 451 of the Frankfurt Airport area.[73] As of 2012 Lufthansa Cargo is located at Gate 25 in the CargoCity Nord area, Lufthansa Technik is located at Gate 23 and in the CargoCity Süd area.[74]
  • Star Alliance, an airline alliance, has its headquarters at the Frankfurt Airport Centre 1 (FAC 1) adjacent to Terminal 1.[75]
  • Airmail Centre Frankfurt, a joint venture of Lufthansa Cargo, Fraport, and Deutsche Post for airmail transport, has its head office in Building 189, between Terminals 1 and 2.[76]
  • Aero Lloyd previously had its head office in Building 182.[77][78]

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual Passenger Traffic[79]
Year Passengers % Change
2000 49,360,620 Steady
2001 48,559,980 Decrease -1.6%
2002 48,450,356 Decrease -0.2%
2003 48,351,664 Decrease -0.2%
2004 51,098,271 Increase 5.6%
2005 52,219,412 Increase 2.2%
2006 52,810,683 Increase 1.1%
2007 54,161,856 Increase 2.5%
2008 53,467,450 Decrease -1.3%
2009 50,932,840 Decrease -4.3%
2010 53,009,221 Increase 4%
2011 56,436,255 Increase 6.4%
2012 57,520,001 Increase 2%
2013 58,036,948 Increase 1%
2014 59,570,000 Increase 2.6%
2015 61,032,022 Increase 2.4%
2016 60,792,308 Decrease -0.4%
2017 64,500,386 Increase 6.1%
2018 (Jan-Aug) 39,100,000 Increase 8.7%[80]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes at Frankfurt Airport (2015)[81]
Rank Destination Departing passengers Operating airlines
1 Germany Berlin–Tegel 802,000 Lufthansa, Air Berlin
2 Germany Hamburg 745,100 Lufthansa
3 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 639,500 British Airways, Lufthansa
4 Switzerland Zurich 621,070 Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines
5 Austria Vienna 484,200 Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa
6 Germany Munich 475,100 Lufthansa
7 Spain Madrid 459,400 Iberia, LAN Airlines, Lufthansa, Air Europa
8 United States Chicago–O'Hare 451,700 Lufthansa, United Airlines
9 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 448,200 Air France, Lufthansa
10 Singapore Singapore 429,500 Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
11 United States New York–JFK 365,400 Delta, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
12 Switzerland Geneva 386,556 Lufthansa
13 United Arab Emirates Dubai 337,700 Emirates, Lufthansa
14 United States Washington–Dulles 334,900 Lufthansa, United Airlines
15 Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 330,900 Lufthansa, Thai Airways
16 Italy Rome–Fiumicino 320,300 Alitalia, Lufthansa
17 Turkey Istanbul–Atatürk 319,900 Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines
18 Spain Palma de Mallorca 319,000 Air Berlin, Condor, TUIfly, Lufthansa
19 Spain Barcelona 290,600 Lufthansa, Vueling
20 Japan Tokyo–Haneda 290,600 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Lufthansa
Busiest domestic routes at Frankfurt Airport (2017)[82]
Rank Destination All passengers Operating airlines
1 Berlin Berlin–Tegel 1,956,370 Easyjet, Lufthansa
2 Hamburg Hamburg 1,394,973 Lufthansa
3 Bavaria Munich 1,178,482 Lufthansa
4 North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf 425,076 Lufthansa
5 Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 384,614 Lufthansa
Busiest European routes at Frankfurt Airport (2017)[82]
Rank Destination All passengers Operating airlines
1 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 1,494,467 British Airways, Lufthansa
2 Austria Vienna 1,180,693 Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa
3 Spain Madrid 1,052,236 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM Chile, Lufthansa, Ryanair
4 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 944,089 Air France, Lufthansa
5 Spain Barcelona 931,595 Lufthansa, Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at Frankfurt Airport (2017)[82]
Rank Destination All passengers Operating airlines
1 United Arab Emirates Dubai–International 1,085,976 Emirates, Lufthansa
2 United States New York–JFK 958,734 Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
3 China Shanghai–Pudong 814,752 Air China, China Eastern Airlines, Lufthansa
4 South Korea Seoul–Incheon 702,581 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Lufthansa
5 Canada Toronto–Pearson 693,031 Air Canada, Lufthansa
6 Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 649,510 Lufthansa, Thai Airways
7 United States Chicago–O'Hare 649,510 Lufthansa, United Airlines
8 China Beijing–Capital 630,546 Air China, Lufthansa
9 United States San Francisco 624,686 Lufthansa, United Airlines
10 Singapore Singapore 624,167 Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
11 United States Washington–Dulles 616,195 Lufthansa, United Airlines
12 Japan Tokyo–Haneda 534,682 All Nippon Airways, Lufthansa
13 Israel Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 512,268 El Al, Lufthansa
14 Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos 499,965 LATAM Brasil, Lufthansa
15 Hong Kong Hong Kong 465,264 Cathay Pacific, Lufthansa
16 India Delhi 464,098 Air India, Lufthansa
17 South Africa Johannesburg–Tambo 432,839 Lufthansa, South African Airways
18 United States Houston–Intercontinental 427,874 Lufthansa, United Airlines
19 United States Los Angeles 420,428 Lufthansa
20 United States Newark 395,859 Lufthansa, United Airlines

Ground transport[edit]

Frankfurt Airport can easily be accessed by car, taxi, train or bus as it features an extensive transport network. There are two railway stations at the airport: one for suburban/regional trains and one for long-distance trains.

Rail[edit]

Regional station[edit]

S-Bahn at the regional station

Frankfurt Airport regional station (Frankfurt Flughafen Regionalbahnhof) at Terminal 1, concourse B, provides access to the S-Bahn commuter rail lines S8 and S9. Each of these lines have trains departing every 15 minutes during daytime to Hanau Central Station eastwards via Frankfurt Central Station and Offenbach East Station or Wiesbaden Central Station westwards via Rüsselsheim or Mainz Central Station (line S8) or Mainz-Kastel Station (line S9).

The journey time to Frankfurt Central Station is 10–12 minutes.[83]

Regional Express (RE) trains to Saarbrücken, Koblenz or Würzburg call at this station. These trains provide less frequent but additional connections between Frankfurt Airport and the Central Station.[83]

Long-distance station[edit]

Platforms at the long-distance station

Frankfurt Airport long-distance station (Frankfurt Flughafen Fernbahnhof) was opened in 1999. The station is squeezed in between the motorway A 3 and the four-lane Bundesstraße B43, linked to Terminal 1 by a connecting corridor for pedestrians that bridges the Autobahn. It is the end point of the newly built Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line, which links southern Germany to the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the Netherlands and Belgium via Cologne at speeds up to 300 km/h (190 mph). About 10 trains per hour depart in all directions.[83]

Deutsche Bahn operates the AIRail Service in conjunction with Lufthansa, American Airlines and Emirates. The service operates to the central stations of Bonn, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Leipzig, Hamburg, Hannover, Mannheim, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and to Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe.[84]

Car[edit]

Frankfurt Airport is located in the Frankfurt City Forest and directly connected to an Autobahn intersection called Frankfurter Kreuz where the A3 and A5 meet. It takes a 10–15 minutes by car or taxi to get to Frankfurt Central Station or the centre of the city.[85]

Passengers driving their own cars can park in multilevel parking garages (mostly underground) along the terminals. A long term holiday parking lot is located south of the runways and connected by shuttle bus to the terminals.

Bus and coaches[edit]

Various transport companies provide bus services to the airport from the surrounding areas as well as by coach to long-distance destinations.[86]

Previously All Nippon Airways operated a bus service to Düsseldorf exclusively for ANA customers; that way Düsseldorf passengers would be transported to Frankfurt Airport to board their ANA flights.[87] In 2014 ANA established a separate flight from Tokyo to Düsseldorf,[88] causing the bus services to end.[89]

Ground transport statistics[edit]

In 2006, 29.5% of the 12,299,192 passengers whose air travel originated in Frankfurt came by private car, 27.9% came by rail, 20.4% by taxi, 11.1% parked their car at the airport for the duration of their trip, 5.3% came by bus, and 4.6% arrived with a rental car.[90]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 May 1983, during an air show at Rhein-Main Air Base, a Canadian RCAF Lockheed F-104 Starfighter crashed into a nearby road, hitting a car and killing all passengers, a vicar's family of five. The pilot was able to eject.
  • On 19 June 1985, a bomb cloaked in a canvas bag was detonated approx at 14:42 in the afternoon in Hall B of the Rhein Main Frankfurt Airport, decimating that section of the airport. The blast resulted in 3 deaths and 32 injuries, of which 4 were considered serious.[91]
  • In September 2007, German authorities arrested three suspected terrorists for plotting a "massive" terror attack, which posed "an imminent threat" to Frankfurt Airport and the US Air Force base in Ramstein.[92]
  • On 2 March 2011, a gunman opened fire on a bus carrying US Air Force personnel at Frankfurt Airport, killing two and wounding two others.[93]
  • On 7 January 2017, 8:10 local time, a bus carrying passengers to a Lufthansa flight on gate A20 collided with "another vehicle", and more than 10 people were injured.[94]

In media[edit]

Frankfurt Airport is featured in the Discovery Channel series X-Ray Mega Airport (also known as Inside Frankfurt Airport).[95]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Frankfurt Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Frankfurt Airport at Wikimedia Commons