Prostaglandin F receptor

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Prostaglandin F receptor (FP)
Identifiers
Symbols PTGFR ; FP
External IDs OMIM600563 MGI97796 HomoloGene741 IUPHAR: 344 ChEMBL: 1987 GeneCards: PTGFR Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PTGFR 207177 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 5737 19220
Ensembl ENSG00000122420 ENSMUSG00000028036
UniProt P43088 P43117
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000959 NM_008966
RefSeq (protein) NP_000950 NP_032992
Location (UCSC) Chr 1:
78.77 – 79.01 Mb
Chr 3:
151.8 – 151.84 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Prostaglandin F receptor (FP) is a receptor for Prostaglandin F. It is encoded by the gene PTGFR.[1]

It is a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family. Activation of FP Receptor results in activation of G-protein subunit Gq, increasing IP3 and DAG.

Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[1]

Functions[edit]

Main effects of prostaglandin binding to the receptor are:

Via activation of this receptor, PGF2-alpha mediates luteolysis,[1] and may also be involved in modulating intraocular pressure and smooth muscle contraction in uterus and gastrointestinal tract sphincters.[3]

Knockout studies in mice suggest that the interaction of PGF2-alpha with this receptor in ovarian luteal cells initiates luteolysis and thus induces parturition.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Entrez Gene: PTGFR prostaglandin F receptor (FP)". 
  2. ^ Pharmacology, (Rang, Dale, Ritter & Moore, ISBN 0-443-07145-4, 5th ed., Churchill Livingstone 2003) Page 234
  3. ^ Signal transduction in lower esophageal sphincter circular muscle Piero Biancani, Ph.D. and Karen M. Harnett, Ph.D.
  4. ^ Sugimoto Y; Yamasaki A; Segi E et al. (1997). "Failure of parturition in mice lacking the prostaglandin F receptor". Science 277 (5326): 681–3. doi:10.1126/science.277.5326.681. PMID 9235889. 

External links[edit]

  • "Prostanoid Receptors: FP". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Duncan AM; Anderson LL; Funk CD et al. (1995). "Chromosomal localization of the human prostanoid receptor gene family". Genomics 25 (3): 740–2. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(95)80022-E. PMID 7759114. 
  • Lake S; Gullberg H; Wahlqvist J et al. (1995). "Cloning of the rat and human prostaglandin F2 alpha receptors and the expression of the rat prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor". FEBS Lett. 355 (3): 317–25. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(94)01198-2. PMID 7988697. 
  • Bastien L; Sawyer N; Grygorczyk R et al. (1994). "Cloning, functional expression, and characterization of the human prostaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtype". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (16): 11873–7. PMID 8163486. 
  • Funk CD; Furci L; FitzGerald GA et al. (1994). "Cloning and expression of a cDNA for the human prostaglandin E receptor EP1 subtype". J. Biol. Chem. 268 (35): 26767–72. PMID 8253813. 
  • Abramovitz M; Boie Y; Nguyen T et al. (1994). "Cloning and expression of a cDNA for the human prostanoid FP receptor". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (4): 2632–6. PMID 8300593. 
  • Sugimoto Y; Yamasaki A; Segi E et al. (1997). "Failure of parturition in mice lacking the prostaglandin F receptor". Science 277 (5326): 681–3. doi:10.1126/science.277.5326.681. PMID 9235889. 
  • Kunapuli P, Lawson JA, Rokach J, FitzGerald GA (1997). "Functional characterization of the ocular prostaglandin f2alpha (PGF2alpha) receptor. Activation by the isoprostane, 12-iso-PGF2alpha". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (43): 27147–54. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.43.27147. PMID 9341156. 
  • Betz R; Lagercrantz J; Kedra D et al. (1999). "Genomic structure, 5' flanking sequences, and precise localization in 1P31.1 of the human prostaglandin F receptor gene". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 254 (2): 413–6. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9827. PMID 9918852. 
  • Kyveris A, Maruscak E, Senchyna M (2002). "Optimization of RNA isolation from human ocular tissues and analysis of prostanoid receptor mRNA expression using RT-PCR". Mol. Vis. 8: 51–8. PMID 11951086. 
  • Strausberg RL; Feingold EA; Grouse LH et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMC 139241. PMID 12477932. 
  • Neuschäfer-Rube F; Engemaier E; Koch S et al. (2003). "Identification by site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids contributing to ligand-binding specificity or signal transduction properties of the human FP prostanoid receptor". Biochem. J. 371 (Pt 2): 443–9. doi:10.1042/BJ20021429. PMC 1223288. PMID 12519077. 
  • Zaragoza DB, Wilson R, Eyster K, Olson DM (2004). "Cloning and characterization of the promoter region of the human prostaglandin F2alpha receptor gene". Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1676 (2): 193–202. doi:10.1016/j.bbaexp.2003.11.004. PMID 14746914. 
  • Sales KJ; Milne SA; Williams AR et al. (2004). "Expression, localization, and signaling of prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor in human endometrial adenocarcinoma: regulation of proliferation by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 89 (2): 986–93. doi:10.1210/jc.2003-031434. PMID 14764825. 
  • Vielhauer GA, Fujino H, Regan JW (2004). "Cloning and localization of hFP(S): a six-transmembrane mRNA splice variant of the human FP prostanoid receptor". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 421 (2): 175–85. doi:10.1016/j.abb.2003.10.021. PMID 14984197. 
  • Jin P; Fu GK; Wilson AD et al. (2004). "PCR isolation and cloning of novel splice variant mRNAs from known drug target genes". Genomics 83 (4): 566–71. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2003.09.023. PMID 15028279. 
  • Sugino N; Karube-Harada A; Taketani T et al. (2004). "Withdrawal of ovarian steroids stimulates prostaglandin F2alpha production through nuclear factor-kappaB activation via oxygen radicals in human endometrial stromal cells: potential relevance to menstruation". J. Reprod. Dev. 50 (2): 215–25. doi:10.1262/jrd.50.215. PMID 15118249. 
  • Gerhard DS; Wagner L; Feingold EA et al. (2004). "The Status, Quality, and Expansion of the NIH Full-Length cDNA Project: The Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMC 528928. PMID 15489334. 
  • Scott G; Jacobs S; Leopardi S et al. (2005). "Effects of PGF2alpha on human melanocytes and regulation of the FP receptor by ultraviolet radiation". Exp. Cell Res. 304 (2): 407–16. doi:10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.11.016. PMID 15748887. 
  • Mandal AK; Ray R; Zhang Z et al. (2005). "Uteroglobin inhibits prostaglandin F2alpha receptor-mediated expression of genes critical for the production of pro-inflammatory lipid mediators". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (38): 32897–904. doi:10.1074/jbc.M502375200. PMID 16061484. 
  • Hébert RL, Carmosino M, Saito O et al. (2005). "Characterization of a rabbit kidney prostaglandin F(2{alpha}) receptor exhibiting G(i)-restricted signaling that inhibits water absorption in the collecting duct.". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (41): 35028–37. doi:10.1074/jbc.M505852200. PMID 16096282. 

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.