Shanghai Pudong International Airport

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Shanghai Pudong
International Airport
Pudong International Airport at night.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Shanghai Airport Authority
Serves Shanghai, China
Location Pudong, Shanghai, China
Hub for



Elevation AMSL 4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
PVG is located in Shanghai
Location of airport in Shanghai
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
16R/34L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
17R/35L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
16L/34R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
TBD 3,400 11,155
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 66,002,414
Freight (in tons) 3,440,279.7
Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Traditional Chinese 上海浦東國際機場
Simplified Chinese 上海浦东国际机场

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVGICAO: ZSPD) is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the city's other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团有限公司, SSE: 600009).

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as secondary hub of China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for UPS[2] and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.[3]

Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four parallel runways.[4] A third passenger terminal is planned since 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, raising its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tonnes of freight.[5]

Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,440,279.7 metric tonnes handled in 2016, the airport is the world's third busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 66,002,414 passengers in 2016, making it the second busiest airport in China, 5th busiest in Asia and the 9th busiest in the world. By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.[6]

Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub of China, about half of its total passenger traffic is international.[7] Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station.

The interior of Terminal 1


Early development[edit]

Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.[citation needed]

After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi[citation needed] suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.

Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999.[citation needed] It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.[citation needed]

A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005,[citation needed] and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.

Ongoing expansion[edit]

In November 2011, Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-meter fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-meter fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction was completed in 2015 and has doubled the capacity of the airport.[8][9]


The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Four runways are in operation: one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400) and six taxiways, two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225) and four taxiways each, and one 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runway with 4F rating and six taxiways.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000m runway and including a cargo hub.[citation needed] It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. Terminal 1 is shaped like Osaka Kansai International Airport's terminal, but it is shorter and with 28 gates, 13 of which are double decker gates. The exterior of the terminal is shaped like waves. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covering an area of 280,000 square meters.[citation needed]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tonnes of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like the 1st terminal but it has more of a wave shaping, rather than a seagull shape and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more levels than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.[10]

Satellite Concourses[edit]

An additional satellite concourse facility to provide further gates and terminal space started construction on December 29, 2015 and is expected to be completed in 2019. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 83 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses. These will be connected by an underground automated people mover to the current T1 and T2 terminals.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2
Aeroméxico Mexico City, Tijuana (ends 27 March 2017)[12] 2
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver 2
Air China Barcelona (begins 5 May 2017),[13] Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Melbourne, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, San Jose (CA), Sendai, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan 2
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian 2
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 1
Air India Delhi, Mumbai 2
Air Koryo Pyongyang 1
Air Macau Macau 2
Air Mauritius Mauritius 2
Air New Zealand Auckland 2
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International 2
All Nippon Airways Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 2
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles 2
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou 2
British Airways London–Heathrow 2
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap 2
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong 2
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2
Cebu Pacific Manila 2
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu 2
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan 1
China Eastern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chifeng, Chongqing, Colombo, Daegu, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Dunhuang, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jeju, Jieyang, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liuzhou, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Madrid, Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Mohe, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Muan, Mudanjiang, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Prague, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Saint Petersburg, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Yulin, Yuncheng, Zhangjiakou, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Cairns
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Anshan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Denpasar/Bali, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jinzhou, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Mianyang, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei–Songshan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Toyama, Wanzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xinzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Krabi, Malé
China Southern Airlines Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Jiamusi, Kunming, Mudanjiang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai, Pattaya U-Tapao, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai 2
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing 2
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo–Narita 1
Donghai Airlines Shenzhen 2
Eastar Jet Cheongju 2
Emirates Dubai–International 2
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou 2
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta 2
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Boston, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Haikou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Seattle/Tacoma, Taiyuan, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (begins 1 June 2017),[14] Tianjin, Ürümqi, Weifang, Xi'an 2
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang 2
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong 2
Hunnu Air Ulaanbaatar 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Japan Airlines Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 1
Jin Air Jeju
Seasonal: Yangyang
Juneyao Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Cheongju, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Harbin, Hong Kong, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Krabi, Lijiang, Macau, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Obihiro, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose (begins 1 April 2017),[15] Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yangyang, Yinchuan, Zhongwei, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Irkutsk
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon 1
Kunming Airlines Kunming 2
Lucky Air Kunming 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini 2
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Penang (begins 18 August 2017) 2
Mega Maldives Malé, Tokyo–Narita 2
Peach Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda 2
Philippine Airlines Manila 2
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo 2
Philippines AirAsia Manila 2
Qantas Sydney 1
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 1
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Vladivostok, Novosibirsk 2
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 2
Shandong Airlines Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai 2
Shenzhen Airlines Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen 2
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Saipan 1
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Phnom Penh (begins 28 March 2017), Qingdao, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Takamatsu, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Xiamen, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai 2
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang 2
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk 2
T'way Airlines Daegu 1
UNI Air Taipei–Songshan 2
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Guam, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco 2
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Phu Quoc[16] Da Nang, Nha Trang[17] 2
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow 2
XiamenAir Quanzhou, Xiamen 2


Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi, Yekaterinburg
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong
ANA Cargo Naha, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Cargo Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Chongqing, Liège, Singapore
Atlas Air Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Chengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza
China Postal Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen
China Southern Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna, Zhengzhou
DHL Express
operated by AeroLogic
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Kabul
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Bangalore
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Memphis, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong, Xiamen
Iran Air Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Kalitta Air Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney
MNG Airlines Almaty, Istanbul–Atatürk
Nippon Cargo Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Polar Air Cargo Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Qantas Cargo Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Singapore
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Southern Air Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
Turkish Airlines Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin
Volga-Dnepr Airlines Novosibirsk
Yangtze River Express Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi

Ground transportation[edit]

A maglev train departing Pudong airport
Metro Line 2 links city center and Pudong airport


Maglev train[edit]

Starting service on January 29, 2004 as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2, Line 7, and Line 16 is possible. The 30-km ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h. Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.

All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.

Shanghai Metro Line 2[edit]

Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport as well as Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible.

Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People's Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.

It should further be noted that Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.

Airport buses[edit]

A Shanghai Pudong Airport Bus Expressway

Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2016年民航机场生产统计公报. CAAC. 24 Feb 2017. 
  2. ^ "UPS Air Operations Facts - UPS Pressroom". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL targets Asian expansion". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  4. ^ 4th Pudong runway opens in March | Shanghai Daily
  5. ^ Shanghai Airport reports profit growth, despite big investments in massive new facilities at Pudong – China Airlines, Airports and Aviation News. (2008-03-11). Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  6. ^ 民航局与上海市人民政府在沪签战略合作协议 (in Chinese). Carnoc. 6 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "From obscurity, Guangzhou and Shanghai Pudong airports move up rankings". CAPA. June 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Shanghai Pudong's fourth and fifth runways receive approval". CAPA. 6 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Shanghai airport to double capacity". South China Morning Post. 8 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Dermot Davitt Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins new era with opening of Terminal Two 26/03/08, Source: The Moodie Report
  11. ^ "Shanghai Pudong Airport starts construction world's largest satellite terminal". Shanghai Airport Authority. 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  12. ^ "AeroMexico enhances Shanghai service from March 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Air China schedules Shanghai – Barcelona May 2017 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  14. ^,7340,L-4919805,00.html
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Vietnam Airlines Adds Nha Tang – China Routes in S15". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  18. ^ Cargo plane crashes at Shanghai airport – Xinhua. Reuters. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  19. ^ 浦东机场货机坠毁现场浓烟滚滚. Sina. Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  20. ^ "3 Americans killed in Shanghai plane crash". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  21. ^ Three injured in Shanghai airport terminal explosion. SCMP. Retrieved on 2016-06-12.
  22. ^ Blast by 'suspected homemade explosives' rocks Shanghai's Pudong airport; 3 passengers injured: Authorities. Straits Times. Retrieved on 2016-06-12.
  23. ^ "Man hurls homemade firecracker inside Shanghai airport". Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  24. ^ "Man hurls explosive device at Shanghai airport, then attempts suicide". Retrieved 13 June 2016. 

External links[edit]