This gene is a member of the Antp homeobox family and encodes a protein with a homeobox DNA-binding domain. It is included in a cluster of homeobox B genes located on chromosome 17. The encoded protein functions as a sequence-specific transcription factor that is involved in development, including that of lung and skin, and has been localized to both the nucleus and cytoplasm. Altered expression of this gene or a change in the subcellular localization of its protein is associated with some cases of acute myeloid leukemia and colorectal cancer.
HOX B6 gene is only expressed in erythoid progenitor cells, which are the precursor to red blood cells used for transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the body. During development, the formation of the HOX gene factor happens in the first stages of fetal development, namely soon after the establishment of the mesoderm, which is the “middle layer” of the future embryo. However, HOX B6 is only expressed once the undifferentiated stem cells of the embryo distinguish themselves into the erythpoietic phase. The research has shown that HOX B6 is not expressed in hematopoietic stem cells located in the red bone marrow, which are the precursor cells to all types of blood cells, or primordial germ cells (PGCs), the precursor to cells passed on in each generation. Since it is a transcriptional factor, HOX B6 regulates erythpoigenesis (red blood cell formation) using mRNA as the basis for certain protein productions. The specific gene factor for erytopoigenesis has relatively been unobserved in the scientific community, and no known diseases have been associated with a defect HOX B6 gene. However, it has been shown in correlation with major skeletal deformations.
^Zimmermann F, Rich IN (Apr 1997). "Mammalian homeobox B6 expression can be correlated with erythropoietin production sites and erythropoiesis during development, but not with hematopoietic or nonhematopoietic stem cell populations". Blood89 (8): 2723–35. PMID9108390.
^Rancourt DE, Tsuzuki T, Capecchi MR (Jan 1995). "Genetic interaction between hoxb-5 and hoxb-6 is revealed by nonallelic noncomplementation". Genes & Development9 (1): 108–22. PMID7828847.
Peverali FA, D'Esposito M, Acampora D, Bunone G, Negri M, Faiella A et al. (Oct 1990). "Expression of HOX homeogenes in human neuroblastoma cell culture lines". Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity45 (1): 61–9. doi:10.1111/j.1432-0436.1990.tb00458.x. PMID1981366.
Giampaolo A, Acampora D, Zappavigna V, Pannese M, D'Esposito M, Carè A et al. (Jun 1989). "Differential expression of human HOX-2 genes along the anterior-posterior axis in embryonic central nervous system". Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity40 (3): 191–7. doi:10.1111/j.1432-0436.1989.tb00598.x. PMID2570724.
Boncinelli E, Acampora D, Pannese M, D'Esposito M, Somma R, Gaudino G et al. (1990). "Organization of human class I homeobox genes". Genome / National Research Council Canada = Génome / Conseil National De Recherches Canada31 (2): 745–56. doi:10.1139/g89-133. PMID2576652.
Levine M, Rubin GM, Tjian R (Oct 1984). "Human DNA sequences homologous to a protein coding region conserved between homeotic genes of Drosophila". Cell38 (3): 667–73. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(84)90261-7. PMID6091895.
Chang CP, Shen WF, Rozenfeld S, Lawrence HJ, Largman C, Cleary ML (Mar 1995). "Pbx proteins display hexapeptide-dependent cooperative DNA binding with a subset of Hox proteins". Genes & Development9 (6): 663–74. doi:10.1101/gad.9.6.663. PMID7729685.
Castronovo V, Kusaka M, Chariot A, Gielen J, Sobel M (Jan 1994). "Homeobox genes: potential candidates for the transcriptional control of the transformed and invasive phenotype". Biochemical Pharmacology47 (1): 137–43. doi:10.1016/0006-2952(94)90447-2. PMID7906121.
Apiou F, Flagiello D, Cillo C, Malfoy B, Poupon MF, Dutrillaux B (1996). "Fine mapping of human HOX gene clusters". Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics73 (1-2): 114–5. doi:10.1159/000134320. PMID8646877.
Sawcer S, Jones HB, Feakes R, Gray J, Smaldon N, Chataway J et al. (Aug 1996). "A genome screen in multiple sclerosis reveals susceptibility loci on chromosome 6p21 and 17q22". Nature Genetics13 (4): 464–8. doi:10.1038/ng0896-464. PMID8696343.
Zimmermann F, Rich IN (Apr 1997). "Mammalian homeobox B6 expression can be correlated with erythropoietin production sites and erythropoiesis during development, but not with hematopoietic or nonhematopoietic stem cell populations". Blood89 (8): 2723–35. PMID9108390.
Vider BZ, Zimber A, Hirsch D, Estlein D, Chastre E, Prevot S et al. (Mar 1997). "Human colorectal carcinogenesis is associated with deregulation of homeobox gene expression". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications232 (3): 742–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6364. PMID9126347.
Ohnishi K, Tobita T, Sinjo K, Takeshita A, Ohno R (Nov 1998). "Modulation of homeobox B6 and B9 genes expression in human leukemia cell lines during myelomonocytic differentiation". Leukemia & Lymphoma31 (5-6): 599–608. doi:10.3109/10428199809057620. PMID9922051.
Vider BZ, Zimber A, Chastre E, Gespach C, Halperin M, Mashiah P et al. (Jun 2000). "Deregulated expression of homeobox-containing genes, HOXB6, B8, C8, C9, and Cdx-1, in human colon cancer cell lines". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications272 (2): 513–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2000.2804. PMID10833444.
1ahd: DETERMINATION OF THE NMR SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF AN ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN-DNA COMPLEX
1hom: DETERMINATION OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN FROM DROSOPHILA IN SOLUTION BY 1H NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
1san: THE DES(1-6)ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN: COMPARISON OF THE NMR SOLUTION STRUCTURE AND THE DNA BINDING AFFINITY WITH THE INTACT ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN
2hoa: STRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF THE ANTP(C39->S) HOMEODOMAIN FROM NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE DATA IN SOLUTION USING A NOVEL STRATEGY FOR THE STRUCTURE CALCULATION WITH THE PROGRAMS DIANA, CALIBA, HABAS AND GLOMSA