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|Type||Soup or stew|
Chorba or shorba, is one of various kinds of soup or stew found in national cuisines across the Balkans, North Africa, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Middle East and the Indian subcontinent.
- Shorwa is a traditional Afghan dish which is a simple dish which is usually mixed with bread on the dastarkhān. It is a long process and a pressure cooker is usually used as it reduces the waiting to 2 hours. The main ingredients for shorwa are potatoes, beans and meat. It is commonly served with Afghan bread. 
- Ciorbă is a name used to refer to chorba used in Moldova and Romania consisting of various vegetables and meat and lovage is usually used. Borș is a sour soup that is used in the Moldova region. It is also has beneficial health effects.[unreliable medical source?] It is served hot to stimulate digestion and be effective against colds.[unreliable medical source?] There are several types of this dish, such as ciorbă de perișoare, leek soup, Romanian borscht, and borș de burechiușe.
Chorba, or shorba, is variously derived from the Arabic word[which?] meaning gravy or from a Persian term شوربا from shor ("salty, brackish") and ba/ab, آب، ما ("water/stew") or from a hypothetical cognate word common to Arabic and Persian. Shorwa means "soup" in Persian/Pashto.
Chorba is also called shorba (Persian: شوربا, Arabic: شوربة, Amharic: ሾርባ), sho'rva (Uzbek: шўрва), shorwa (Pashto: شوروا), chorba (Bulgarian: чорба), ciorbă (Romanian), shurpa (Russian: шурпа), shorpa (Uighur: شورپا, шорпа), çorba (Turkish: [tʃoɾˈba]), shorpo (Kyrgyz: шорпо) and sorpa (Kazakh: сорпа). In the Indian subcontinent, the term shorba in Hindi (Hindi: शोरबा) simply means gravy. It is a Mughlai dish and it has vegetarian forms such as tomato shorba.
Bosnian čorba and somun bread
Traditional Afghan shorwa
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