List of individuals sanctioned during the Ukrainian crisis
In response to the growing unrest in Ukraine, mid-March 2014 many governments launched sanctions against individuals and companies that are viewed as having direct involvement in destabilizing the situation. The 2014 Crimean crisis, part of the unrest, and the ensuing Russian military intervention there led some governments in Europe and North America to target Russian and pro-Russian Ukrainian politicians, officers and businessmen. As the unrest expanded into parts of eastern and southern Ukraine, the scope of the sanctions increased. The Russian government responded in kind, with sanctions against some Canadian, American, and EU individuals. The following list represents those who have been sanctioned.
By Canada, the United States, and the European Union
As of 13 April, following Canadian, European Union and United States sanctions, alongside dozens of individuals, two companies were also listed. Albania, Iceland and Montenegro on 11 April announced that they would align themselves to the sanctions adopted by the EU on 17 March. On 28 April, the US expanded its sanctions to include 17 Russian companies, mostly affiliated with the aforementioned individuals. The US actions were followed by actions by Japan, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the EU. The EU furthermore has instructed the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development to suspend the signature of new financing operations in Russia. On 25 July, the EU again expanded its sanctions to an additional 15 individuals and 18 entities, followed by an additional 8 individuals and 3 entities on 30 July. On 29 November, an additional 13 individuals (and 5 entities) were added to the EU sanctions list. In February 2015, EU banned 19 more individuals and 9 entities.
|Crimea||Sergey Abisov||Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Crimea|
|Ukraine||Larisa Airapetyan||Health Minister of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Oleg Akimov||Deputy of the Luhansk Economic Union in the National Council of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Crimea||Sergey Aksyonov||Head of the Republic of Crimea|
|Russia||Anatoly Antonov||Deputy Minister of Defence|
|Russia||Vladimir Antyufeyev||Former head of the Ministry of State Security of unrecognized Transnistria, wanted by the law enforcement agencies of Latvia and Moldova.|
|Ukraine||Serhiy Arbuzov||Former Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Mykola Azarov||Former Prime Minister of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Oleksii Azarov||Son of Former Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov|
|Russia||Alexander Babakov||Member of the Duma|
|Russia||Arkady Bakhin||First Deputy Minister of Defence|
|Russia||Sergei Baseda||Commander of the Fifth Service of the Federal Security Service|
|Ukraine||Eduard Basurin||Deputy Commander of the Ministry of Defense of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Oleg Belaventsev||Russian envoy overseeing Crimea|
|Ukraine||Fyodor Berezin||Deputy of Igor Girkin|
|Ukraine||Denis Berezovsky||Defected commander of the Ukrainian Navy|
|Ukraine||Olga Besedina||Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Igor Bezler||One of the leaders of the self-defense militia of Horlivka|
|Ukraine||Raisa Bohatyriova||Former Minister of Health of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Valeriy Bolotov||One of the leaders of the "Army of the South-East"|
|Russia||Alexander Bortnikov||Director of the Federal Security Service|
|Ukraine||Oleg Bugrov||Defense Minister of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Russia||Evgeni Bushmin||Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council of Russia.|
|Crimea||Aleksei Chaly||Chief of the executive committee of the Sevastopol City Council|
|Russia||Sergey Chemezov||CEO of Rostec|
|Russia||Mikhail Degtyarev||Member of the State Duma|
|Ukraine||Vladyslav Nykolayevych Deynego||Deputy Head of the People's Council of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic.|
|Ukraine||Mikhail Dobkin||Chairman, Party of Regions, Kharkov division|
|Ukraine||Pavel Dremov (Dryomov)||Commander of the "First Cossack Regiment", an armed separatist group involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine.|
|Russia||Aleksandr Dugin||A leader of the Eurasian Youth Union|
|Russia||Vladimir Dzhabarov||Member of the Federation Council of Russia|
|Ukraine||Ekaterina Filippova||Minister of Justice of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Mikhail Fradkov||Head of the Foreign Intelligence Service|
|Russia||Andrei Fursenko||Aide to the President of Russia|
|Russia||Aleksandr Galkin||Commander of the Russian Southern Military District|
|Russia||Valery Gerasimov||Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia|
|Russia||Igor Girkin||GRU agent|
|Russia||Sergey Glazyev||Presidential Adviser to Vladimir Putin|
|Russia||Alexey Gromov||Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of Russia|
|Ukraine||Pavel Gubarev||People's Governor of the Donetsk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Ekaterina Gubareva||Minister of Foreign Affairs of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Vitaly Ignatenko||First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee for Foreign Affairs|
|Ukraine||Sergey Ignatov||Commander in Chief of the People's Militia of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Zaur Ismailov||Acting General Prosecutor of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Russia||Sergei Ivanov||Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of Russia|
|Russia||Viktor Ivanov||Member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation|
|Ukraine||Yuriy Ivanyushchenko||Member of the Party of Regions|
|Russia||Ramzan Kadyrov||Head of the Chechen Republic|
|Ukraine||Igor Kakidzyanov||Former Defense Minister of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Igor Kalinin||Former Advisor to the President of Ukraine|
|Russia||Pavel Kanishchev||A leader of the Eurasian Youth Union|
|Russia||Andrei Kartapolov||Director of the Main Operations Department and deputy chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation|
|Ukraine||Valery Kaurov||Former President of the effectively defunct Federal State of Novorossiya|
|Ukraine||Gennady Kernes||Mayor of Kharkiv|
|Ukraine||Ravil Khalikov||First Deputy Prime Minister and previous Prosecutor General of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Dmitry Kiselyov||Head of the Russian Federal State News Agency Rossiya Segodnya|
|Russia||Andrei Klishas||Member of the Federation Council of Russia.|
|Ukraine||Andrii Kliuiev||Former Head of Administration of President of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Oleksandr Klymenko||Former Minister of Revenues of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Serhii Kliuiev||Brother of Andrii Kliuiev; Businessman|
|Russia||Joseph Kobzon||Member of the State Duma|
|Ukraine||Aleksandr Kofman||First deputy speaker of the Parliament of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Borys Kolesnikov||Former Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine; Businessman|
|Ukraine||Yuriy Kolobov||Former Minister of Finance of Ukraine|
|Crimea||Vladimir Konstantinov||Chairman of the Crimean Parliament|
|Ukraine||Ihor Vladymyrovych Kostenok||Minister of Education of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic.|
|Russia||Yury Kovalchuk||Largest single shareholder of Bank Rossiya; according to the US, "a personal banker for senior officials of the Russian Federation including Putin".|
|Russia||Andrey Kovalenko||A leader of the Eurasian Youth Union|
|Crimea||Olga Kovitidi||Council member for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea|
|Russia||Dmitry Kozak||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Russia||Vladimir Kozhin||Head of Administration under the President of the Russian Federation|
|Ukraine||Serhiy Kozyakov||Head of the Luhansk Central Election Commission of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Crimea||Oleg Kozyura||Acting Head of the Federal Migration Service office for Sevastopol|
|Russia||Valery Kulikov||Rear Admiral, Deputy Commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet|
|Ukraine||Lesya Lapteva||Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Religion of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Sergey Litvin||Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Boris Litvinov||Chairman of the Supreme Council of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Olena Lukash||Former Minister of Justice of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Roman Lyagin||Businessman who advocated for the creation of Federal Republic of Novorossiya|
|Russia||Konstantin Malofeev||Under criminal investigation by Ukraine into his alleged material and financial support to separatists|
|Ukraine||Aleksandr Malykhin||Head of the Lugansk People's Republic Central Electoral Commission|
|Crimea||Mikhail Malyshev||De facto Chair of the Crimea Electoral Commission|
|Ukraine||Evgeny Manuilov||Minister of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Mikhail Margelov||Chairman of the Federation Council Committee for Foreign Affairs|
|Russia||Valentina Matviyenko||Chairman of the Federation Council|
|Ukraine||Viktor Medvedchuk||Ukrainian oligarch|
|Crimea||Valery Medvedev||De facto Chair of the Sevastopol Electoral Commission|
|Crimea||Sergei Menyailo||Acting governor of Sevastopol|
|Ukraine||Yevgeniy Eduardovich Mikhaylov||Head of the administration for governmental affairs of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic.|
|Russia||Alexey Milchakov||Commander of the ‘Rusich’ unit, an armed separatist group involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine.|
|Russia||Sergey Mironov||Leader of the Russian Parliament faction A Just Russia|
|Russia||Yelena Mizulina||Member of the State Duma and the A Just Russia party|
|Russia||Evgeny Murov||Head of Russian Federal Protective Service|
|Russia||Sergey Naryshkin||Chairman of the State Duma|
|Russia||Aleksey Naumets||Major-General in the Russian Army|
|Crimea||Dmitry Neklyudov||Deputy Minister of Interior of the de facto "Republic of Crimea"|
|Russia||Sergei Neverov||Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, United Russia|
|Russia||Alexander Nosatov||Rear Admiral, Deputy Commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet|
|Russia||Rashid Nurgaliyev||Russia's interior minister from 2003 to 2012|
|Ukraine||Yevgeniy Vyacheslavovich Orlov||Member of the National Council of the unrecognized Donetsk's People's Republic.|
|Russia||Victor Ozerov||Member of the Federation Council of Russia|
|Russia||Oleg Panteleev||First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Parliamentary Issues|
|Russia||Nikolai Patrushev||Secretary of the Security Council of Russia|
|Russia||Arseny Pavlov||Commander of the ‘Sparta Battalion’, an armed separatist group involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine.|
|Russia||Vladimir Pligin||Chairman of the State Duma Constitutional Law and Nation Building Committee|
|Crimea||Natalia Poklonskaya||Prosecutor of Crimea|
|Ukraine||Vyacheslav Ponomarev||Mayor of Sloviansk while held by rebels|
|Ukraine||Andriy Portnov||Former Advisor to the President of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||German Prokopiv||Active leader of the "Lugansk Guard"|
|Ukraine||Mykola Prysyazhnyuk||Former Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Artem Pshonka||Son of former Prosecutor General Victor P. Member of Party of Regions|
|Ukraine||Viktor Pshonka||Former Prosecutor General.|
|Ukraine||Andriy Purhin||Head of the "Donetsk Republic"|
|Russia||Aleksey Pushkov||Chair of the State Duma's International Affairs Committee|
|Ukraine||Denys Pushylin||Chairman of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Valery Rashkin||First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Ethnicity issues|
|Ukraine||Victor Ratushniak||Former Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine|
|Russia||Dmitry Rogozin||Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation|
|Russia||Arkady Rotenberg||Russian businessman|
|Boris Romanovich Rotenberg||Russian (-Finnish) businessman|
|Russia||Nikolai Ryzhkov||Member of the Federation Council|
|Russia||Oleg Savelyev||Minister for Crimean Affairs|
|Russia||Igor Sechin||Advisor to Putin|
|Ukraine||Dmitry Semyonov||Deputy Prime Minister for Finances of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Russia||Igor Sergun||Chief of the Main Directorate of the GRU|
|Russia||Nikolay Shamalov||Second largest shareholder of Bank Rossiya|
|Russia||Vladimir Shamanov||Commander of the Russian Airborne Troops|
|Ukraine||Igor Shevchenko||Acting Prosecutor of Sevastopol|
|Ukraine||Alexandr Shubin||Minister of Justice of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic|
|Russia||Ludmila Shvetsova||Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, United Russia|
|Russia||Anatoliy Sidorov||Commander of the Russian military units deployed in Crimea.|
|Ukraine||Yuriy Sivokonenko||Member of the Parliament of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic and works in the Union of veterans of the Donbass Berkut.|
|Russia||Leonid Slutsky||Member of the State Duma and the LDPR party|
|Eduard Stavytsky||Former Energy Minister of Ukraine|
|Russia||Vladislav Surkov||Close ally to Vladimir Putin|
|Ukraine||Dmytro Tabachnyk||Former Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Oksana Tchigrina||Spokesperson of the unrecognized Lugansk People's Republic|
|Crimea||Rustam Temirgaliev||Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Crimea|
|Gennady Timchenko||Russian (-Finnish) businessman|
|Ukraine||Alexandr Timofeev||Minister of Budget of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Russia||Aleksandr Tkachyov||Former Governor of Krasnodar Krai and Minister of Agriculture|
|Ukraine||Mikhail Tolstykh||Commander of the ‘Somali’ battalion, an armed separatist group involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine|
|Russia||Aleksandr Totoonov||Member of the Federation Council of Russia|
|Ukraine||Oleg Tsarov||Businessman who advocated for the creation of Federal Republic of Novorossiya|
|Crimea||Sergey Tsekov||Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of Crimea|
|Ukraine||Sergei Tsyplakov||One of the leaders of the People's Militia of Donbas|
|Russia||Igor Turchenyuk||Commander of the Russian forces in Crimea|
|Russia||Yury Ushakov||Key Foreign Policy Advisor to the President|
|Russia||Aleksandr Vitko||Commander of the Black Sea Fleet|
|Russia||Vyacheslav Volodin||Deputy Chief of Staff|
|Russia||Vladimir Yakunin||Russian official, president of the state-run Russian Railways company|
|Ukraine||Oleksandr Yakymenko||Former Head of Security Service of Ukraine|
|Ukraine||Oleksandr Yanukovych||Son of Former President of Ukraine Victor Y.|
|Ukraine||Viktor Yanukovych||Ousted-President of Ukraine|
|Russia||Petr Yarosh||Acting Head of the Federal Migration Service office for Crimea|
|Ukraine||Viktor Yatsenko||Minister of Communications of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic|
|Ukraine||Oleksandr Yefremov||Party of Regions faction leader in the Verkhovna Rada|
|Ukraine||Vitaly Zakharchenko||Former Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine|
|Russia||Alexander Zaldostanov||Leader of the Night Wolves|
|Ukraine||Serhii Zdriliuk||Senior aid to Igor Girkin|
|Russia||Sergey Zheleznyak||Deputy Speaker of the State Duma|
|Crimea||Yuriy Zherebtsov||Counsellor of the Speaker of the Supreme Council of Crimea|
|Russia||Vladimir Zhirinovsky||Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia|
|Crimea||Pyotr Zima||Head of the Crimean Security Service appointed by S. Aksyonov|
|Russia||Bank Rossiya||Bank that provided "material support" to Russian officials and whose biggest shareholder is the also-sanctioned Yury Kovalchuk.|
|Crimea||Chornomornaftogaz||Crimea-based gas company, allegedly sanctioned in order to prevent Russian state company Gazprom from dealing with or acquiring it. After appropriation by Gazprom, also sanctioned by the EU.|
|Russia||Sobinbank||Subsidiary of Bank Rossiya|
|Russia||Volga Group||Investment firm belonging to Gennady Timchenko|
|Russia||InvestCapitalBank||Bank associated with the Rotenbergs|
|Russia||SMP Bank||Bank associated with the Rotenbergs|
|Russia||Stroygazmontazh||Gas-related company tied to the Rotenbergs|
|Russia||Abros||Subsidiary of Bank Rossiya|
|Russia||Zest||Subsidiary of Bank Rossiya|
|Russia||Aquanika||Company selling water|
|Russia||Avia Group||Subsidiary of Sheremetyevo International Airport|
|Crimea||Feodosia||Enterprise of oil supping|
|Crimea||State ferry enterprise ‘Kerch ferry’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||State enterprise ‘Sevastopol commercial seaport’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||State enterprise ‘Kerch commercial sea port’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||Resort ‘Nizhnyaya Oreanda’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||Crimean enterprise ‘Azov distillery plant’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||State concern ‘National Association of producers “Massandra”’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||'State enterprise Magarach of the national institute of wine’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Crimea||State enterprise ‘Factory of sparkling wine Novy Svet’||Enterprise transferred contrary to the Ukrainian law|
|Russia||Almaz-Antey||Russian arms company|
|Russia||Dobrolet Airlines||Russian low-cost airline, exclusive operator of flights between Moscow and Simferopol|
|Russia||Russian National Commercial Bank||Bank|
|Representative||Name||US[a]||EU,[b] NO||AL, IS, LI, ME||CA[c]||CH[d]||AUS[e]||Remarks|
Removed from sanction list
Early March 2014 the European Union froze all funds belonging to Raisa Bogatyrova on suspicion of her illegal use of budget funds. According to the Ukrainian government she has since repaid government funds that had been allegedly misappropriated. For this her funds in the EU were unfrozen on 6 March 2016.
In May 2014, Russia sanctioned more individuals of the United States and Canada, but the list has not yet been revealed.
After a member of the German Bundestag was denied entry into Russia in May 2015, Russia released a blacklist to European Union governments of 89 politicians and officials from the EU who are not allowed entry into Russia under the present sanctions regime. Russia asked for the blacklist to not be made public. The list is said to include eight Swedes, as well as two MPs and two MEPs from the Netherlands. Finland's national broadcaster Yle published a leaked German version of the list.
By Chechnya, against US and EU institutions' leaders
On 26 June 2014, the Head of the Russian republic of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, released a statement saying he created a sanction list including four individuals. The people on the list have been banned from entering the Chechen Republic and had all bank accounts frozen on 27 July 2014. This responds to the EU sanctions.
- Guantanamo List, the list of American officials barred from Russia
- Persona non grata and List of people declared persona non grata - individuals not welcome within certain countires
- US references:
- EU references: UK included with EU; all individuals and businesses confirmed by Ukraine section here:
- Canada references:
- Swiss references:
- Australian references: The list is incomplete. As of June 2014, the total amount of sanctioned individuals is 50, and the amount of sanctioned entities is 11.
- Coats had introduced a resolution in the Senate before the sanctions were imposed that outlined specific steps he believed the Obama administration should take to sanction and isolate Russia.
- Ukraine crisis: EU and US impose sanctions over Crimea, BBC News (17 March 2014)
- Commisso, Christina (12 April 2014). "Baird: Canada 'cannot sit by while Russia illegally occupies Ukraine'". CTV News. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
Ottawa announced travel bans on the chair of the Sevastopol Electoral Commission, Valery Medvedev, and chair of the Crimean Electoral Commission Mikhail Malyshev. [...]economic sanctions on Crimean oil and gas company Chornomornaftogaz.
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- "Ukraine-related Designations; Sectoral Sanctions Identifications; Cote d'Ivoire Designation Removals; Issuance of an Important Crimea Sanctions Advisory". treasury.gov. 30 July 2015.
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|title=at position 137 (help)
- "Sanctions List | Prime Minister of Canada". Ottawa, Ontario: Pm.gc.ca. 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- "Sanctions List | Prime Minister of Canada". Ottawa, Ontario: Pm.gc.ca. 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- "Sanctions List | Prime Minister of Canada". Ottawa, Ontario: Pm.gc.ca. 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- "Expanded Sanctions List | Prime Minister of Canada". Ottawa, Ontario: Pm.gc.ca. 2014-06-21. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
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- Швейцария ввела новые санкции против десяти россиян. KM.ru (in Russian). 3 May 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- Швейцария включила в санкционный список еще 10 россиян (in Russian). ITAR-TASS. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
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- Jason Bush; Megan Davies (28 March 2014). "Sanctions-hit Bank Rossiya shifts to rouble-only operations". Reuters. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Arja Paananen (March 6, 2014). "Puhuivatko "suomalaiset kaverit" Putinille järkeä?". Talouselämä (in Finnish).
- Mohammed, Arshad (11 April 2014). "UPDATE 1-U.S. sanctions Crimea gas company, in move aimed at Gazprom". Reuters. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Aquanika – Home". Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Avia Group". Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Core Services". Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- (Ukrainian) The EU froze the accounts Yanukovych and 17 officials , BBC News (14 March 2014)
- EU to Continue Sanctions on Some Russians, Ukrainians, Wall Street Journal (3 March 2016)
- "Russia says has expanded sanctions against U.S., Canada". Reuters. May 8, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Rettman, Andrew (23 January 2015). "Russia suspends official EU parliament visits". Euobserver. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Russia bars two EU politicians from Nemtsov funeral". Reuters. 2015-03-03. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
- "Russia releases 89-name EU travel blacklist". Agence France-Presse. Yahoo News. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
- "Eight Swedes on Russia's blacklist". Radio Sweden. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
- "Russische „Visasperrliste" vom RAM am 27.5. an EU-Delegation Moskau übergeben" [Russian visa bans] (PDF) (in German). Yle. 26 May 2015.
- "European Union anger at Russian travel blacklist". BBC News. 30 May 2015.
- "Putin puts me on his black list. Not welcome in Russia. Too much honour for me, Mr Putin!". Twitter. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
- Mas, Susana (March 24, 2014). "Russian sanctions against Canadians a 'badge of honour'". CBC News. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Sweden awaits Russian blacklist explanation". Radio Sweden. 30 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- "Ryssland svartlistar åtta svenskar" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. 30 May 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- Lowery, Wesley; O'Keefe, Ed (20 March 2014). "Reacting to sanctions, Russians ban Reid, Boehner and four other lawmakers". The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
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