List of state leaders in 1993

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1993.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Titled Secretary-general of the Provisional Government until independence.
  2. ^ Bophuthatswana was only declared to be independent in 1977.
  3. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971, until then the monarch was titled Hakim of Bahrain.
  4. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  5. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  6. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  7. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  8. ^ The position of the Chairman was only declared to be the "highest office of state" by the constitution that came into effect on September 5, 1998.
  9. ^ In exile between 1990 and 1991.
  10. ^ In exile between 1990 and 1991.
  11. ^ Kyrgyzstan only became independent in 1991.
  12. ^ Qatar only became independent in 1971.
  13. ^ Turkmenistan only became independent in 1991.
  14. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  15. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh was President of North Yemen until 1990.
  16. ^ Armenia only became independent in 1991.
  17. ^ Belarus only became independent in 1991.
  18. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina only declared independence in 1992.
  19. ^ Croatia only became independent in 1991.
  20. ^ Abkhazia only declared independence on 23 July 1992.
  21. ^ Richard von Weizsäcker was President of West Germany until 1990.
  22. ^ Helmut Kohl was Chancellor of West Germany until 1990.
  23. ^ Latvia only became independent in 1991.
  24. ^ Latvia only became independent in 1991.
  25. ^ Moldova only became independent in 1991.
  26. ^ Transnistria only declared independence in 1991.
  27. ^ Russia only became independent in 1991.
  28. ^ Slovenia only became independent in 1991.
  29. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  30. ^ Ukraine only became independent in 1991.
  31. ^ Antigua and Barbuda became independent in 1981, until then Sir Wilfred Jacobs was titled Governor of Antigua and Barbuda.
  32. ^ Antigua and Barbuda only became independent in 1981.
  33. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983, until then Sir Clement Arrindell was titled Governor of Saint Christopher and Nevis.
  34. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983.
  35. ^ The Marshall Islands only became independent in 1986.
  36. ^ Tonga only became independent in 1970.