List of state leaders in 1918

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This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1918.



Australia and Oceania[edit]


North America and the Caribbean[edit]

South America[edit]


  1. ^ Hussein bin Ali was Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1908 and King of Hejaz from 1916.
  2. ^ Ibn Saud was Emir of Nejd and Hasa between 1902 and 1921, Sultan of Nejd between 1921 and 1927, King of Nejd between 1927 and 1932 additionally King of Hejaz between 1926 and 1932 (collectively referred to as King of Nejd and Hejaz), and King of Saudi Arabia from 1932.
  3. ^ Yemen only became independent in 1918.
  4. ^ Arthur Foljambe was titled Governor of New Zealand until 1917.
  5. ^ Bulgaria only became independent in 1908.
  6. ^ Svinhufvud's title changed from Chairman of the Senate to Regent on 18 May 1918.
  7. ^ Declined the crown before arriving into Finland.
  8. ^ Montenegro was only recognized as an independence state in 1878.
  9. ^ a b In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  10. ^ Lenin was head of government of Russia (Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars) from 1917 to 1924 and head of government of the Soviet Union (Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars) from 1922 to 1924.
  11. ^ a b Peter I was King of Serbia from 1903 to 1918 and King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from 1918 to 1921.
  12. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  13. ^ The title changed from Chairman of the General Secretariat to Chairman of the Council of People's Ministers on 22 January 1918.

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